Sécurité sanitaire et qualité des aliments

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This report is a further elaboration of the risk analysis process. The interaction of risk managers and risk assessors is considered in detail. The diagram (Fig. 1) highlights two points in the risk management cycle where interaction with risk assessors occurs. However, interaction may be necessary at other places as well. Risk assessment and cost benefit analysis are independent; science based activities conducted to provide the basis for risk management decisions. Risk assessment and risk management activities are typically not linear processes but iterative and fluid. Frequently, the risk management goals and the risk assessment activities will be revised and...
2000
The globalization and growth of international trade in fish and fishery products in recent years has made these products one of the most important items traded in terms of value. Concerns regarding the safety of these products has prompted the emergence of a number of new regulations such as a zero-tolerance policy for Listeria monocytogenes in fishery products or the use of a risk based approach to establish maximum limits for Listeria in these products. The paper describes the findings of the FAO Expert Consultation on the Trade Impact of Listeria in Fish Products, held in the University of Massachusetts,...
1999
The Codex Committee on Residue of Veterinary Drugs in Foods (CCRVDF) at its 11th Session recommended a Harmonization Meeting on residue definitions and other issues relating to the use of chemicals both as veterinary drugs and as pesticides because of the differences in the evaluation processes by Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) and Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR) leading to different MRLs for the same chemical. The Meeting was held in Rome, Italy from 1-2 February 1999. The main task of the meeting was to have informal exchange of information related to the same chemical which...
1999
Risk communication was defined by the March 1995 Consultation on the Application of Risk Analysis to Food Safety Issues as "an interactive process of exchange of information and opinion on risk among risk assessors, risk managers, and other interested parties". The practical application of risk communication in relation to food safety involves all aspects of communications among risk assessors, risk managers and the public. This includes the mechanisms of delivery; message content; timeliness of the communication; the availability and use of supporting materials and information; and the purpose, credibility and meaningfulness of the communication. With increased public concern regarding food...
1999
The manual is structured to provide essential information in a standardized, logical and systematic manner while adhering to effective teaching and learning strategies. It is composed of three sections. Section 1 reviews principles and methods of training; Section 2 introduces and elucidates the Codex Alimentarius General Principles of Food Hygiene; and Section 3 explains the HACCP system and its implementation. Each section is made up of specific training modules which can be combined and customized to meet the specific needs of the students. FAO has prepared this manual in an effort to harmonize the approach to training in the HACCP...
1998
Risk analysis is widely recognised as the fundamental methodology underlying the development of food safety standards. As recognised in the 1995 consultation, risk analysis is composed of three separate but integrated elements, namely risk assessment, risk management and risk communication. That consultation recognised risk communication as an interactive process of exchange of information and opinion on risk among risk assessors, risk managers, and other interested parties. Risk management is defined within Codex as the process of weighing policy alternatives in the light of the results of risk assessment and, if required, selecting and implementing appropriate control options, including regulatory measures....
1997