Food safety and quality
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OECD Unique Identifier Commodity Traits Latest entry uploaded on
ACS-BVØØ1-3 Sugar Beet Glufosinate tolerance,Kanamycin resistance 11/08/2014

Focal Point Information

E-mail:
g.mozgova@yandex.ru
Country:
Belarus
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Institute of Genetics and Cytology, National Acade
Contact person name:
Galina Mozgova
Website:
Physical full address:
27 Akademicheskaya street, Minsk 220072 Belarus
Phone number:
+375 17 2840297
Fax number:
+375 17 2841917
Country introduction
Summary:

The main law in GMO biosafety area is the Law “On Safety in Genetic Engineering Activity” (hereafter referred to as “the Law”) of 9 January 2006, No. 96 (as amended by the Laws of the Republic of Belarus dated 24.12.2007 N 299-З, dated 10.11.2008 N 444-З, dated 02.07.2009 N 31-З, dated 04.01.2010 N 109-З, dated 04.01.2014 N 130- Z, dated 12/18/2018 No. 154-3). A number of by-laws to ensure safety in genetic engineering activity were elaborated in addition to this Law. The by-laws describe all necessary procedures, departments/institutions authorized and responsible for each activity and interdepartmental coordination mechanisms. Both the Law and by-laws cover the following areas of GMO biosafety:

  • specially authorized bodies responsible for each sphere of genetic engineering activity (GEA);
  • work in self-contained systems;
  • import into the Republic of Belarus, export from the Republic of Belarus and transit through its territory of GMOs;
  • risk assessment of possible adverse effects of GMOs on the environment and human health before field trials and placement to the market;
  • release of GMOs into the environment;
  • use of GMOs for economic purposes;
  • control in the field of safety in GEA;
  • responsibility for violation of legislation on safety in GEA;
  • GMO detection and identification.
  • information exchange and the Biosafety Clearing-House;
  • public awareness and its participation in decision-making with regard to safety in GEA;

Risk assessment of GM-products based on the "Procedures for Risk Assessment of Possible Harmful Effects of Genetically Engineered Organisms on Human Health. Instructions for use” approved by the Resolution of the Chief Sanitary Doctor of the Republic of Belarus of August 25, 2006 No. 076-086

Following the entry into the Eurasian Economic Union, a list of standards that includes principles and methods of GM-products` risk assessment, measurements for a GM-component in food products and food supplements, methodology guidelines “Food Products and Food Supplements. Biomedical Safety Assessment of Genetically Engineered Modified Organisms of Plant Origin. Methodical Guidelines” has been determined.

More information can be found on the website of the National Coordination Biosafety Centre on the link http://www.biosafety.by/zakony-respubliki-belarus/ and the Biosafety Clearing House on the link https://bch.cbd.int/database/results?searchid=752304.

Framework
Regulatory framework:
My country has a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country has competent authority, agency, organization, ministry, department, committee, commission or a system/mechanism that is tasked to conduct or review GM food safety assessment.
Supplemental information:

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Agriculture and Food have been nominated as National Competent Authorities on biosafety issues by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of June 5, 2002 N. 734. The Law “On Safety of Genetic Engineering Activities” of 6 January, 2006 No.96-3 regulates such areas of that activity as GMO development, its transporting, handling and processing and field trial testing under the first release of GMO into the environment.

 

GMO import and export is under the control of the State Customs Committee of the Republic of Belarus in accordance with the Resolution of the Committee “On the Procedure of Information Submission to the State Scientific Institution “Institute of Genetics and Cytology at the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus” of February 16, 2009, N. 7 (as amended by the decree of the State Customs Committee of 07.13.2010 N 27). The National Biosafety System (NBS) has been established in Belarus after the country accession to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biodiversity in 2002. This system ensures the safe biotechnology activities and protection of biodiversity and human health against possible adverse effect of GMO on them.

 

NBS includes the following elements:

(1) legislation;

(2) administrative system (system of the state expert examination for GMO, risk assessment, decision making, administrative system, system of gaining, keeping and disseminating information);

(3) system of law enforcement, inspection and monitoring;

(4) system of the public education and awareness, guarantee of the access to the actual biosafety information and its participation in decision making on biosafety issues.

 

The important role in improving the national biosafety system plays the National Coordination Biosafety Centre (NCBC) established in accordance with the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus “On Establishment of the National Co-ordination Biosafety Centre” of June 19, 1998, N. 963 (as amended by Resolution of the Council of Ministers of 19.06.2019 N 404).

 

The basic tasks of the National Co-ordination Biosafety Centre have been formulated as follows:

– Collection, analysis and systematization of legislation and scientific information on biosafety problems, field trials of genetically engineered objects, import (export), commercial use of genetically engineered organisms and products derived on their basis in Belarus as well as the mentioned biosafety information retrieved from the database of international informational networks, and development of the national biosafety database;

– Submission of biosafety information to ministries and other Republican governmental bodies and mass media concerned;

– Exchange of information with co-ordination biosafety centres of other countries and international organizations;

– Organization of safety scientific examination of genetically engineered organisms and products derived on their basis when their use is assumed in the Republic of Belarus;

– Rendering of consultative services to ministries and other Republican governmental bodies in working out draft legislative documents concerning import (export) and safe use of genetically engineered organisms and products derived on their basis, guidance for assessment and prevention of their risk for the environment and human health and instructions for ensuring safe genetic engineering activities in molecular genetics laboratories;

– Rendering of consultative service to ministries and other Republican governmental bodies in preparing proposals for concluding bilateral and regional agreements, developing international agreements for biosafety issues.

 

There are 18 laboratories for GMO detection in foodstuffs, food raw materials and seeds in Belarus. They are under subordination of the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Belarus and the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Galina Mozgova, PhD; Head of the National Coordination Biosafety Centre at the Institute of Genetics and Cytology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

Assessment
GM food safety assessment guidelines:
My country follows the relevant Codex Guidelines or national/regional guidelines that are in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country regularly conducts food safety assessment of GM food.
Supplemental information on the implementation:
Stacked events
Regulation of stacked events:
There is no regulations in my country on stacked events.
Supplemental information on the stacked events:
Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
My country does not produce any GM food or feed.
GM food/feed imports:
My country allows imports GM food or feed upon authorization.
Supplemental information on the production and trade:
LLP/AP incidents
LLP/AP incidents:
My country has not faced any LLP/AP situations in the last 10 years.
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
Labelling requirement
Labelling requirement:
My country has a mandatory and positive labeling regulation & allows a voluntary and negative labeling on GM food.
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Other relevant documents:
Country information last modified:
19/08/2019