Country information about GM food safety assessment
Introduction national biosafety regulations:
The Ministry of Health (MINSAL) is responsible for formulating, establishing and control health policies. The Presidential Decree No. 977 of 1996, the Ministry of Health and its amended establishes the sanitary conditions for protect the health and nutrition of the population and ensure the provision of healthy and safe products, which include biotech events that modify food and / or raw materials food for human consumption.
The process of risk assessment is performed by the the Public Health Institute of Chile (ISP) that is a public service, which has management autonomy and has legal personality and its own assets, depending on the Ministry of Health. In this process the ISP will review the history of the event presented, according to the following four technical criteria:
• Molecular analysis of stability;
• toxicity; and
• nutritional assessment.
The Director of the ISP will forward a consolidated report of the risk assessment to the Under Secretariat of Public Health for its decision. In case to be accepted, the GMO event may be incorporated into the “List of Biotechnology Events Approved human use" by Official Resolution of the Minister of Health.
It´s important to indicate that actually no GMO crop have been authorize for cultivation in Chile. The only activity authorized by The Ministry of Agriculture and the Agricultural and Livestock Service (SAG) is the production of GMO´s for seed production or research.
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment