Food safety and quality
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Browse information by Country › Cameroon

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Focal Point Information

Organization/agency name (Full name):
ministry of environment, protection of nature and sustainable development
Contact person name:
Physical full address:
Phone number:
Fax number:
Country introduction

 Cameroon is located in Central Africa, stretches from the Gulf of Guinea to Lake Chad, between 2° to 13° of North latitude and from the 8°30’ to 16°20’ East longitude. The Country covers a surface area of 475 446 km2 and has a 402 km stretch of Atlantic Ocean coast line. It is bordered to the south by Republics of Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea, to the North by Lake Chad, to the East by Republic of Chad and the Central African Republic and to the west by Republic of Nigeria.

Cameroon is endowed with a rich biodiversity, both in variety and in quantity, characterised by a high degree of globally significant national and regional endemic species, many of which are threatened. This wealth of biological diversity constitutes an enormous reservoir of genetic material.Cameroon’s commitment to safeguard its rich biodiversity as a base for its socio-economic development is reflected in its ratification of the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety in 1994 and 2003 respectively. This commitment has been further translated in the adoption of legal frameworks such as the 1996 Framework Law on the Environment, the 2003 law on Modern Biotechnology, forestry law etc.

Biosafety issues in Cameroon are governed by Law N° 2003/006 of 21st April 2003 laying down Safety Regulations Governing Modern Biotechnology and Decree N° 2007/0737/PM of 31 May 2007 applying the Law. The Ministry of Environment, Protection of Nature and Sustainable Development is the National Competent Authority on Biosafety in Camerooncharged with coordinating biosafety activities and to take decisions on issues relating to biotechnology within a National Biosafety Committee.The National Biosafety Committee was created in 2012 and has as mandate to give opinions on all questions relating to Biosafety in Cameroon.

In Cameroon, there exist Biotechnology Centres in the Universities of Buea and Yaoundé I respectively. Besides the Biotechnology Centres, there is a phytosanitary unit lodged in the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the laboratory at Centre Pasteur du Cameroun for pathogens, the Johns Hopkins Institute and other diagnostic and research laboratories in Cameroon. However, there is still a need for capacity building in this aspect.

In Cameroon, there is an ongoing GEF/UNEP Full Size biosecurity project titled: “Development and Institution of a National Monitoringand Control System (Framework) for Living Modified Organisms (LMOs)and Invasive Alien Species (IAS)”. This project has as objective to build capacities to prevent and control the introduction, establishment and spread of Living Modified Organisms and Invasive Alien Species through the implementation of a risk-based decision making process. The Cameroon Biosecurity Project is divided into four main components as follows:Component one on Policy, Regulatory and Institutional Framework;Component two on Sustainable Biosecurity Strategies;component three on Capacity Building and Component four on Information and Awareness.

Regulatory framework:
My country has a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country has competent authority, agency, organization, ministry, department, committee, commission or a system/mechanism that is tasked to conduct or review GM food safety assessment.
Supplemental information:

Our country should improuve capacities in the GM food safety assesment

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Minister of Environment, Protection of Nature and Sustainable Development

GM food safety assessment guidelines:
My country follows national/regional guidelines that are not in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country has never conducted food safety assessment of GM food but is planning to conduct such assessment in the near future.
Supplemental information on the implementation:

Our country need the support in the developping of national guideline witch is in line with the Codex Guidelines.

Stacked events
Regulation of stacked events:
There is no regulations in my country on stacked events.
Supplemental information on the stacked events:
Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
My country produces GM food or feed only for research purposes.
GM food/feed imports:
My country may import GM food or feed and there is no authorization process.
Supplemental information on the production and trade:

GM food or feed enter in our Country in an illegal manner because there are no control mechanism/tools at entry ports (seaport, airport, boundries) to detect wether food or feed are GM or not.

LLP/AP incidents
LLP/AP incidents:
My country has not faced any LLP/AP situations in the last 10 years.
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
Labelling requirement
Labelling requirement:
My country does not have any labeling regulations/policies on GM food.
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Other relevant documents:
Country information last modified: