Food safety and quality
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Organization/agency name (Full name):
Egyptian Organization for Standardization & Quality
Contact person name:
Mohamed Abd – El Hamid
Physical full address:
16 Tadreeb Elmodarbeen st., El Ameria , Cairo
Phone number:
(00202) 22845507
Fax number:
(+2) 22845507
Country introduction


Due to the absence of appreciable rainfall, Egypt's agriculture depends entirely on irrigation. The main source of irrigation water is the river Nile of which the flow is controlled by the high dam at Aswan. It releases, on average, 55 cubic kilometres (45,000,000 acre·ft) water per year, of which some 46 cubic kilometres (37,000,000 acre·ft) are diverted into the irrigation canals.

In the Nile valley and delta, almost 33,600 square kilometres (13,000 sq mi) of land benefit from these irrigation waters producing on average 1.8 crops per year.

Regulatory framework:
My country is in the process in developing a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country is in the process in developing a structure for GM food safety assessment.
Supplemental information:

Egypt’s total agricultural crop production has increased by more than 20 percent in the past decade. During the same period, the rate of population growth has increased at a slightly higher rate than the increase in crop production. The most important crops grown in Egypt are discussed briefly below.

Rice. Rice is one of the major field crops, grown on nearly 500,000 acres, and is considered the second most important export crop after cotton. Wheat is the major winter cereal grain crop and the third major crop in terms of area planted ~600k acres. Maize, or corn, is the second most cultivated corp at 3/4 of a million acres), a good portion of the production of cereal grains are used for livestock and animal or poultry feed.

Cotton. Fiber, such as cotton, has been a traditionally important crop in Egypt and a leading ag export.

Sugar. Sugar cane is the main sugar crop in upper Egypt. About 90 percent of the yield is used for sugar extraction. Sugar beet also grows in large areas in the Nile delta, and contributes to the sugar industry in Egypt.

Edible Beans. These include a number of bean crops that are used for human consumption, such as broad beans and soybeans.

Animal Forage. Egyptian clover is an important winter forage crop cultivated in the Nile Valley and delta. It is the most widely grown field crop and occupies an area which totals 1.2 million acres.

Fruit. Oranges represent 85 percent of total citrus production. The fruit-planted area has expanded over the last three decades to reach about 200k acres. Other subtropical fruits are also grown in Egypt, including stone fruits, grapes, and pome fruits.

Vegetables. Tomatoes are grown in three seasons – winter, summer and autumn – on about 3 percent of Egypt’s total planted area. Potatoes are the second most important vegetable after tomatoes, both in terms of cash value and total tonnage produced.

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
GM food safety assessment guidelines:
My country follows the relevant Codex Guidelines or national/regional guidelines that are in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country has never conducted food safety assessment of GM food but is planning to conduct such assessment in the near future.
Supplemental information on the implementation:
Stacked events
Regulation of stacked events:
My country is in the process of developing relevant regulations on stacked events.
Supplemental information on the stacked events:
Ministry of Health has ruling a regulation recently that no GMO foodstuffs would be consumed inside the country .
Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
My country does not produce any GM food or feed.
GM food/feed imports:
My country allows imports GM food or feed upon authorization.
Supplemental information on the production and trade:
LLP/AP incidents
LLP/AP incidents:
My country has not faced any LLP/AP situations in the last 10 years.
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
Labelling requirement
Labelling requirement:
My country has a mandatory and negative labeling regulation on GM food (i.e., It does not contain GMO).
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Other relevant documents:
Country information last modified: