Food safety and quality
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Browse information by Country › Japan

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OECD Unique Identifier Commodity Traits Latest entry uploaded on
MON-89Ø34-3xDAS-Ø15Ø7-1xMON-88Ø17-3xDAS-59122-7xMON-87427-7 Corn / Maize Glyphosate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance,Coleoptera resistance 31/03/2015
ACS-BNØ11-5 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Bromoxynil tolerance 31/03/2015
ACS-BNØØ3-6 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Fertility restoration,Glufosinate tolerance 31/03/2015
ACS-BNØØ5-8 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Glufosinate tolerance,Male sterility 31/03/2015
ACS-BNØØ5-8xACS-BNØØ3-6 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Glufosinate tolerance 31/03/2015
ACS-BNØØ5-8xACS-BNØØ3-6xMON-ØØØ73-7 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Fertility restoration,Glufosinate tolerance,Glyphosate tolerance,Male sterility 31/03/2015
ACS-GHØØ1-3 Cotton Glufosinate tolerance 31/03/2015
ACS-GHØØ1-3xMON-15985-7 Cotton Glufosinate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance 31/03/2015
ACS-GMØØ5-3 Soyabean / Soybeans Glufosinate tolerance 31/03/2015
ACS-GMØØ6-4 Soyabean / Soybeans Glufosinate tolerance 31/03/2015
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Focal Point Information

E-mail:
fscj-secretariat@cao.go.jp
Country:
Japan
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Food Safety Commission Secretariat,Cabinet Office,GOJ
Contact person name:
Emi Takagi
Website:
Physical full address:
Akasaka 5-2-20 Minato Ward,Tokyo,Japan
Phone number:
81 3 6234 1122
Fax number:
81 3 3584 7392
Country introduction
Summary:
Framework
Regulatory framework:
My country has a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country has competent authority, agency, organization, ministry, department, committee, commission or a system/mechanism that is tasked to conduct or review GM food safety assessment.
Supplemental information:

The safety assessment of foods and food additives produced by recombinant DNA techniques (hereafter GM food) is mandatory under the Food Safety Basic Act. The Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) receives application from Applicant and requests the Food Safety Commission of Japan (FSCJ) to evaluate the safety of GM food in accordance with the Food Sanitation Act, and the FSCJ evaluates the safety in terms of human health.

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Food Safety Commission of Japan (http://www.fsc.go.jp/english/index.html), Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/policy/health-medical/food/index.html)

Assessment
GM food safety assessment guidelines:
My country follows the relevant Codex Guidelines or national/regional guidelines that are in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country regularly conducts food safety assessment of GM food.
Supplemental information on the implementation:

Within the FSCJ, the Expert Committee of Genetically Modified Foods conducts safety assessment based on following standards and policies

(1) Standards for the Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Foods

(2) Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Stacked Varieties of Genetically Modified Plants

(3) Standards for the Safety Assessment of Food Additives Produced Using Genetically Modified Microorganisms

(4) Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Highly Purified Non-Protein Food Additives including Amino Acids Produced Using Genetically Modified Microorganisms

It is forbidden to import or sell genetically modified foods or food products made from such foods that have not undergone safety assessment. After FSCJ submits a notification to MHLW, MHLW gives notice on the Official Gazette.

Stacked events
Regulation of stacked events:
Others
Supplemental information on the stacked events:

With regard to stacked events, FSCJ conducts the safety assessment of GM food based on the “Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Stacked Varieties of Genetically Modified Plants”.

Even if single events that are stacked have already approved, some products will be considered as new products and some will not.

Please refer to Article 5 and 6 of the MHLW’s notice, which is available at the following URL, for the details.

http://www.mhlw.go.jp/file/06-Seisakujouhou-11130500-Shokuhinanzenbu/0000053519.pdf

Article 6 was modified in 2014, and the modified version is available at the following URL.

http://www.mhlw.go.jp/file/06-Seisakujouhou-11130500-Shokuhinanzenbu/0000049695.pdf

Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
My country produces GM food or feed only for research purposes.
GM food/feed imports:
My country allows imports GM food or feed upon authorization.
Supplemental information on the production and trade:
LLP/AP incidents
LLP/AP incidents:
My country has faced LLP/AP situations in the last 10 years.
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
Labelling requirement
Labelling requirement:
My country has a mandatory and positive labeling regulation & allows a voluntary and negative labeling on GM food.
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Other relevant documents:
Country information last modified:
05/02/2016