My country has a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country has competent authority, agency, organization, ministry, department, committee, commission or a system/mechanism that is tasked to conduct or review GM food safety assessment.
The safety assessment of foods and food additives produced by recombinant DNA techniques (hereafter GM food) is mandatory under the Food Safety Basic Act. The Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) receives application from Applicant and requests the Food Safety Commission of Japan (FSCJ) to evaluate the safety of GM food in accordance with the Food Sanitation Act, and the FSCJ evaluates the safety in terms of human health.
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
My country follows the relevant Codex Guidelines or national/regional guidelines that are in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country regularly conducts food safety assessment of GM food.
Supplemental information on the implementation:
Within the FSCJ, the Expert Committee of Genetically Modified Foods conducts safety assessment based on following standards and policies
(1) Standards for the Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Foods
(2) Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Stacked Varieties of Genetically Modified Plants
(3) Standards for the Safety Assessment of Food Additives Produced Using Genetically Modified Microorganisms
(4) Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Highly Purified Non-Protein Food Additives including Amino Acids Produced Using Genetically Modified Microorganisms
It is forbidden to import or sell genetically modified foods or food products made from such foods that have not undergone safety assessment. After FSCJ submits a notification to MHLW, MHLW gives notice on the Official Gazette.