Country information about GM food safety assessment
The safety assessment of foods and food additives produced by recombinant DNA techniques (hereafter GM foods) is mandatory under the Food Sanitation Law. The Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) receives application from Applicant and requests the Food Safety Commission of Japan (FSCJ) to evaluate the safety of GM foods, and the FSCJ evaluates the safety in terms of human health.
Within the FSCJ, the Expert Committee of Genetically Modified Foods conducts safety assessments based on following standards and policies
(1) Standards for the Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Foods
(2) Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Stacked Varieties of Genetically Modified Plants
(3) Standards for the Safety Assessment of Food Additives Produced Using Genetically Modified Microorganisms
(4) Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Highly Purified Non-Protein Food Additives including Amino Acids Produced Using Genetically Modified Microorganisms
It is forbidden to import or sell genetically modified foods or food products made from such foods that have not undergone safety assessment.
After FSCJ submits a notification to MHLW, MHLW gives notice on the Official Gazette.
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment