Cambodia has the LAW ON BIOSAFETY adopted by 2007 and Sub-decree on
MECHANISMS AND PROCEDURES FOR IMPLEMENTING THE LAW ON BIOSAFETY, Sub-Decree #58 (RGC), 21 June 2010.
The goal of this Sub-Decree is to determine the mechanisms and procedures for implementing the Law on Biosafety. The aims of this Sub-Decree are: (i) to prevent a negative impact on conservation of biological diversity, environment and human health; (ii) to ensure effectiveness of conservation and usage of biodiversity in a sustainable manner; (iii) to promote an awareness of modern bio-technology and to hinder and prevent risks to modified living organisms; and (iv) to protect the environment and human health.
This Sub-Decree shall extend the scope to implement in accordance with Article 3 of the Law on Biosafety. All export of modified living organisms from the Kingdom of Cambodia shall be implemented in accordance with Chapter 4 of the Law on Biosafety. Legal or natural persons, who wish to export from the Kingdom of Cambodia the modified living organisms permitted by the Law on Biosafety, shall give written notification in advance to the appropriate institutions of the importing country before submitting the application for export permit from the appropriate Cambodian ministry. Detailed procedures for the export of modified living organisms shall be determined by Prakas of the Minister of Environment. Any breach against any provisions of this Sub-Decree shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the Law on Biosafety as well as the applicable laws and regulations of the Kingdom of Cambodia.
This law and sub-decree are under Ministry of Environment play as a regulator or import-export license or import permit. The processes of import LMO into the Kingdom of Cambodia is through two level of National Steering Committee for LMO and Technical Working Group for Risk Assessment from relevance Ministries, Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fishery as Chair of Committee. The Steering Committee submit the result of risk assessment to the Ministry of Environment to make decision for import or not based on the risk assessment result.
The on Biosafety is scoped only alive LMO, therefore Cambodia need a GMO-Food Law.
For contact person at the Ministry of Environment:
2. Custom and Excite of Cambodia, Ministry of Economic and Finance.
My country does not have a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country is in the process in developing a structure for GM food safety assessment.
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
GM food safety assessment guidelines:
My country does not conduct safety assessment of GM food but the country has, or the country is in the process of developing national/regional guidelines that are not in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country has never conducted food safety assessment of GM food but is planning to conduct such assessment in the near future.
Supplemental information on the implementation:
Regulation of stacked events:
There is no regulations in my country on stacked events.
Supplemental information on the stacked events:
Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
My country does not produce any GM food or feed.
GM food/feed imports:
My country allows imports GM food or feed upon authorization.
Supplemental information on the production and trade:
My country does not monitor LLP/AP situations.
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
My country has a mandatory and positive labeling regulation on GM food (i.e., It contains GMO).
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment