Food safety and quality
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OECD Unique Identifier Commodity Traits Latest entry uploaded on
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Focal Point Information

Organization/agency name (Full name):
Ministry of trade
Contact person name:
Physical full address:
Lot VN 40 Ambohintsoa; Antananarivo
Phone number:
Fax number:
Country introduction

Situation of Madagascar:

• Madagascar does not yet have a law governing genetically modified organisms;

• Madagascar does not have a structure (ministerial department, analytical laboratory) to control GMOs

• Madagascar has elaborated the food law. But it is not yet applied for lack of application decree. Also, there is no article that treats GMOs.



Regulatory framework:
My country does not have a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country is in the process in developing a structure for GM food safety assessment.
Supplemental information:

Madagascar signed the Cartagena Protocol (CP) in September 2000 and ratified it in 2003;
• National Plan of Biosecurity (PNB) is part of the implementation of the CP;
• This PNB aims to establish a biosafety system;
• This PNB serves as a reference for actions to be undertaken.
General context
• Sectors of GMO production: agriculture, livestock and fisheries.
• Health Code: Law No. 2011-002 of 15.07.2011;
• The article.48: foodstuffs of plant origin that have been grown under the specific mode of GMOs are declared to be hazardous to human consumption due to the risks of modification of the genome, They cause the consumer to run. Their sale as a foodstuff is prohibited throughout the national territory.
• Existence of national legal texts relating to the introduction and use of categories of products that may incorporate LMOs (MECIE, Health Low, Agricultural Low, etc.)
• No institution officially decides that there is research on LMOs.
• Development of biosafety legislation and regulations
• To ensure that LMOs are used appropriately, safely and appropriately for sustainable, sustainable development, there is a need for a human and technical biosafety framework and capability to assess and manage risks.
Strategic axes
5 Strategic axes:
• Risk assessment and management
• Decision-Making Mechanisms
• Public Participation
• Legal requirements
• Strengthening national capacity

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Ministry of environnement

GM food safety assessment guidelines:
My country does not conduct safety assessment of GM food but the country has, or the country is in the process of developing national/regional guidelines that are not in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country has never conducted food safety assessment of GM food but is planning to conduct such assessment in the near future.
Supplemental information on the implementation:

Importation of Plant Products

This activity falls under the jurisdiction the Ministry of Agriculture (quarantine plant). It happens in different stages:

• Importation Procedure: Importation Permit Application, Evaluation of Importation Permit Application, Importation Permit Issue, Use of Importation Permit;

• Phytosanitary control on arrival.


Importation of foodstuffs

Deliverance of Consumption Certificate is the responsibility of the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts.



Stacked events
Regulation of stacked events:
Supplemental information on the stacked events:
Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
GM food/feed imports:
Supplemental information on the production and trade:
LLP/AP incidents
LLP/AP incidents:
My country has faced LLP/AP situations in the last 10 years.
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
It concerns the importation of BT maize
Labelling requirement
Labelling requirement:
My country is in the process of developing regulations/policies on GM food labeling.
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Other relevant documents:
Country information last modified: