Food safety and quality
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Browse information by Country › Mexico

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OECD Unique Identifier Commodity Traits Latest entry uploaded on
ACS-BNØØ4-7 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Glufosinate tolerance,Kanamycin resistance,Male sterility 15/10/2015
ACS-BNØØ5-8xACS-BNØØ3-6 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Glufosinate tolerance 18/06/2015
ACS-BNØØ5-8xACS-BNØØ3-6xMON-ØØØ73-7 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Fertility restoration,Glufosinate tolerance,Glyphosate tolerance,Male sterility 17/06/2015
ACS-BNØØ8-2 Canola / Oilseed rape / Rape Seed Glufosinate tolerance 15/10/2015
ACS-GHØØ1-3xBCS-GHØØ2-5 Cotton Glyphosate tolerance,Glufosinate tolerance 01/12/2017
ACS-GHØØ1-3xMON-15985-7 Cotton Glufosinate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance 15/10/2015
ACS-GMØØ5-3xACS-GMØØ6-4 Soyabean / Soybeans Glufosinate tolerance 15/10/2015
ACS-OSØØ2-5 Rice Glufosinate tolerance 15/10/2015
ACS-ZMØØ3-2 Corn / Maize Glufosinate tolerance 15/10/2015
BCS-GHØØ2-5 Cotton Glyphosate tolerance 15/10/2015
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Focal Point Information

E-mail:
sortiz@conacyt.mx
Country:
Mexico
Organization/agency name (Full name):
CIBIOGEM
Contact person name:
Dra. Sol Ortiz García
Website:
Physical full address:
San Borja #938, Col. Del Valle • Del. Benito Juárez C.P. 03100, México, D.F.
Phone number:
+52 (55) 5575-6878
Fax number:
Country introduction
Summary:

México ha buscado garantizar la inocuidad de los productos biotecnológicos para el uso y consumo de su población. Desde 1984 el artículo 282 bis 1 de la Ley General de Salud, contempló que la Secretaría de Salud debería regular aquellos productos biotecnológicos, o sus derivados, destinados al uso o consumo humano. En un inicio, con fundamento en este artículo, la Secretaria de Salud evaluó la inocuidad alimentaria de productos biotecnológicos, para su comercialización con fines de uso o consumo humano. A partir de 2005, con la entrada en vigor de la Ley de Bioseguridad de Organismos Genéticamente Modificados (LBOGM), se realizó la adecuación de la regulación para dar lugar a la Autorización que es el acto administrativo mediante el cual la Secretaría de Salud, a través de la Comisión Federal para la Protección contra Riesgos Sanitarios (COFEPRIS), autoriza Organismos Genéticamente Modificados (OGMs), a efecto de que se pueda realizar su comercialización, así como su utilización con finalidades de Salud Pública o de Biorremediación.

Las facultades que corresponden a la Secretaría de Salud se estipulan en el artículo 16 de la LBOGM y lo relativo a la Autorizaciones se describe en los artículos 91 al 98 de dicha Ley. Quienes pretendan obtener una Autorización para Comercialización e Importación de OGMs deben presentar ante COFEPRIS, una solicitud por escrito acompañada de la información a que se refiere los artículos 23 al 32 del Reglamento de la Ley de Bioseguridad de OGMs.

http://www.conacyt.gob.mx/cibiogem/images/cibiogem/normatividad/vigente/LBOGM.pdf

http://www.conacyt.gob.mx/cibiogem/images/cibiogem/normatividad/vigente/Reg_LBOGM.pdf

 

Courtesy translation

Mexico has sought to guarantee the safety of biotechnological products the use and consumption of its population. Since 1984, article 282 bis 1 from the General Law of Health, considered that the Secretary of Health should regulate those biotechnological products, or their derivatives, intended for food and feed use. Initially, the Secretary of Health evaluated the food safety of biotechnological products, based on this article, for commercialization with purposes of food, feed and processing. Subsequently in 2005, with the entry into force of the Law on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms (LBOGM), the regulation was adapted to give rise to the Authorization, which is the administrative act through which the Secretary of Health, by means of the Federal Commission for the Protection Against Sanitary Risks (COFEPRIS), authorizes Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), to their commercialization, as well as their use for purposes of public health or bioremediation.

The faculties that correspond to the Secretary of Health are stipulated in Article 16 of the LBOGM and what is related to the Authorizations is described in Articles 91 to 98 of this Law. Those who seek to obtain an Authorization for GMOs merchandising and importation, must present to COFEPRIS, a written request accompanied by the information referred into articles 23 to 32 of the Regulation of the Law on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms.

http://www.conacyt.gob.mx/cibiogem/images/cibiogem/normatividad/vigente/LBOGM.pdf

http://www.conacyt.gob.mx/cibiogem/images/cibiogem/normatividad/vigente/Reg_LBOGM.pdf

Framework
Regulatory framework:
My country has a regulatory framework that requires the competent authority to conduct safety assessment of GM food.
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
My country has competent authority, agency, organization, ministry, department, committee, commission or a system/mechanism that is tasked to conduct or review GM food safety assessment.
Supplemental information:

La Comisión Intersecretarial de Bioseguridad de los Organismos Genéticamente Modificados está integrada por los titulares de las Secretarías de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales Renovables (SEMARNAT), Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA); Salud (SS); Hacienda y Crédito Público (SHCP); Economía (SE) y Educación Pública (SEP); así como por el Director General del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT).

La presidencia de la Comisión es rotatoria por periodos de dos años, entre los Secretarios de Salud, SAGARPA y SEMARNAT ya que son las Secretarías con un mayor ámbito de competencia en relación con el uso seguro de los Organismos Genéticamente Modificados (OGMs).

Ley de Bioseguridad de Organismos Genéticamente Modificados, estipula que para su implementación la Comisión debe coordinar las acciones pertinentes con las instancias del Gobierno para cumplir su objetivo.

La CIBIOGEM, cuenta con grupos de apoyo que son sus órganos técnicos y consultivos: Comité Técnico, Consejo Consultivo Científico, Consejo Consultivo Mixto y la Secretaría Ejecutiva.

¿Cuál es el propósito de la CIBIOGEM?

Coordinar las políticas de la administración pública federal referentes a diferentes actividades relacionadas con OGMs como son: la producción, importación, exportación, movilización, transporte, siembra, consumo y, en general uso y aprovechamiento de OGMs.

 

-Courtesy Translation-

The Intersecretarial Commission on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms is made up of the heads of the Secreataries of Health (SSA); Agriculture, Livestock, Rural, Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA); Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT); Finance and Public Credit (SHCP); Economy (SE); Public Education, and the General Director of the National Council of Science and Technology.

The chair of the Commission rotates every two years among the Secretaries of Health, SEMARNAT and SAGARPA, the three entities most directly involved in policies concerning the use and biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs).

The Law on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms states that the Commission aims to promote and coordinate the actions of Government agencies. CIBIOGEM receives support from the Executive Secretariat of CIBIOGEM, the Technical Committee, the Scientific Advisory Board and the Joint Advisory Council.

What is the purpose of the CIBIOGEM?

To coordinate the policies and federal regulation of activities related to Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) such as: production, import, export, mobilization, transportation, release into the environment, consumption, and general use of GMOs.

Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:

Secretaría de Salud / Phone: +52 55 5080 5200 /Email: ralatorre@cofepris.gob.mx%20

Assessment
GM food safety assessment guidelines:
My country follows the relevant Codex Guidelines or national/regional guidelines that are in line with the Codex Guidelines in conducting safety assessment of GM food.
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
My country regularly conducts food safety assessment of GM food.
Supplemental information on the implementation:
Stacked events
Regulation of stacked events:
In my country, GM food/feed that contains stacked event(s) is considered as a new product even if all single events that are stacked have already approved.
Supplemental information on the stacked events:
Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
My country produces GM food or feed for commercial and research purposes.
GM food/feed imports:
My country allows imports GM food or feed upon authorization.
Supplemental information on the production and trade:
LLP/AP incidents
LLP/AP incidents:
My country has not faced any LLP/AP situations in the last 10 years.
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
Labelling requirement
Labelling requirement:
My country has a mandatory and positive labeling regulation on GM food (i.e., It contains GMO).
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:

The mandatory and positive labeling regulation on GM food applies when the GMO composition in not the same that the conventional product.

Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Other relevant documents:
Country information last modified:
12/06/2018