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Contact Information

E-mail:
iozkan@tagem.gov.tr
Country:
Turkey
Organization/agency name (Full name):
General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policy
Contact person name:
İsa Özkan
Website:
Physical full address:
İstanbul Yolu üzeri, Tarım Kampüsü No:38 06171 Yenimahalle/Ankara/Turkey
Phone number:
+90 312 315 52 86
Fax number:
+90 312 315 26 98
Country information about GM food safety assessment
Introduction national biosafety regulations:

Turkey is party to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB) since Jan 24, 2004. Biosafety applications in Turkey are carried out within the framework of the Biosafety Law (no.5977) which entered into force in 26 September 2010 and its relevant regulations (“The Regulation on Genetically Modified Organisms and Products” and “The Regulation Connected with Working Procedure and Principles of Biosafety Board and Committees”). Biosafety Law and two regulations came into force on 26th September 2010. According to Biosafety Law it is forbidden to cultivate GM crops and animals, in Turkey. Biosafety Board founded in 22nd September 2010 to evaluate applications about GMO and products and perform tasks that are written in Biosafety Law and related regulations. Biosafety Board makes a “Decision” about applications on GMO and products via taking Scientific Committees’ risk assessment and socio-economic assessment into account. To date, 3 types of GM soybean and 14 types of GM maize were approved as feed for import. 

For food, 29 different varieties (3 soybean, 21 maize, 3 oilseed rape, 1 sugar beet, 1 potato) has been applied and risk assessment for soybean and maize has been opened to public opinion. However, applicants withdrew due to the public pressure so Biosafety Board has not made any decision. 

Biosafety Board makes a “Decision” about applications on GMO and products via taking Scientific Committees’ risk assessment and socio-economic assessment into account. Application evaluation process is like below:

  • Evaluation of application by Biosafety Board                                90 days
  • Feedback to the applicant                                                                 15 days
  • Biosafety Board’s “Decision”                                                             270 days

(Starts from feedback to the applicant)

  • Establishing of Scientific Committees
  • Report preparation of Committees
  • Report’s public release
  • Evaluation of public opinions by Committees
  • Board’s final decision after taking reports and public opinions into account
  • Report’s presentation to Ministry by Board
  • Publishing the Positive Decision                                                     30 days
  • Reclamation period to Negative Decision                                      60 days
  • Evaluation of reclamation by Board                                                 60 days

Table 1: Decisions for GMO’s Depending on Usage

Usage

Application

Decisions

Date of decision

Positive

Negative

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FEED

 

 

 

 

 

3 soybean*,

 22 maize,

 3 oilseed rape,

1 sugar beet

 

3 GM soybean

-

Official Gazette  no 27827 in  26 January  2011

16 GM maize***

-

13 GM maize:

Official Gazette  no 28152 in  24 December 2011

3 GM maize:

Official Gazette  no 28271 in  21 April 2012 

-

6 GM

maize

13. Biosafety Board Meeting decision

(26 March 2012)

-

3 GM

oilseed rape

16. Biosafety Board Meeting decision

(19 November 2012)

-

1 GM

sugar beet

16. Biosafety Board Meeting decision

(19 November 2012)

BIOETHANOL

22 maize*

-

22 GM

maize

16. Biosafety Board Meeting decision

(19 November 2012)

 

 

 

FOOD

3 soybean,

 21 maize,

 3 oilseed rape**,

1 sugar beet**,

1 potato**

 

 

 

Applications have been withdrew

 

Risk assessment reports could be found on the website at: http://www.tbbdm.gov.tr/Home/archive/gida_arsiv.aspx and http://www.tbbdm.gov.tr/Home/archive/yembitkisi_arsiv.aspx

* Within the scope of simplified procedure, Risk Assessment reports have not been opened to public opinion so the reports are not available at website.

** Risk Assessment reports are not available at website due to the withdrawal.

*** The Council of State stayed of execution of the approval 2 maize varieties in 26.06.2013.

Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Relevant documents
Information on stacked events
Stacked events:
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
Country information last modified:
22/08/2014