Food safety and quality
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Browse information by Country › Turkey

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OECD Unique Identifier Commodity Traits Latest entry uploaded on
ACS-GMØØ5-3 Soyabean / Soybeans Glufosinate tolerance 22/06/2015
ACS-GMØØ6-4 Soyabean / Soybeans Glufosinate tolerance 30/12/2015
ACS-ZMØØ3-2 Corn / Maize Glufosinate tolerance 30/12/2015
DAS-59122-7 Corn / Maize Coleoptera resistance,Glufosinate tolerance 19/06/2015
DAS-59122-7xDAS-Ø15Ø7-1xMON-ØØ6Ø3-6 Corn / Maize Coleoptera resistance,Glufosinate tolerance,Glyphosate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance 19/06/2015
DAS-59122-7xMON-ØØ6Ø3-6 Corn / Maize Coleoptera resistance,Glufosinate tolerance,Glyphosate tolerance 19/06/2015
DAS-Ø15Ø7-1 Corn / Maize Glufosinate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance 18/06/2015
DAS-Ø15Ø7-1xDAS-59122-7 Corn / Maize Coleoptera resistance,Glufosinate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance 19/06/2015
DAS-Ø15Ø7-1xMON-ØØ6Ø3-6 Corn / Maize Glufosinate tolerance,Glyphosate tolerance,Lepidoptera resistance 19/06/2015
DP-356Ø43-5 Soyabean / Soybeans Acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitors tolerance,Glyphosate tolerance 30/12/2015
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Focal Point Information

E-mail:
iozkan@tagem.gov.tr
Country:
Turkey
Organization/agency name (Full name):
General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policy
Contact person name:
İsa Özkan
Website:
Physical full address:
İstanbul Yolu üzeri, Tarım Kampüsü No:38 06171 Yenimahalle/Ankara/Turkey
Phone number:
+90 312 315 52 86
Fax number:
+90 312 315 26 98
Country introduction
Summary:

Turkey is party to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB) since Jan 24, 2004. Biosafety applications in Turkey are carried out within the framework of the Biosafety Law (no.5977) which entered into force in 26 September 2010 and its relevant regulations (“The Regulation on Genetically Modified Organisms and Products” and “The Regulation Connected with Working Procedure and Principles of Biosafety Board and Committees”). Biosafety Law and two regulations came into force on 26th September 2010. According to Biosafety Law it is forbidden to cultivate GM crops and animals, in Turkey. Biosafety Board founded in 22nd September 2010 to evaluate applications about GMO and products and perform tasks that are written in Biosafety Law and related regulations. Biosafety Board makes a “Decision” about applications on GMO and products via taking Scientific Committees’ risk assessment and socio-economic assessment into account. To date, 7 types of GM soybean and 25 types of GM maize were approved as feed for import.

 

For food, 29 different varieties (3 soybean, 21 maize, 3 oilseed rape, 1 sugar beet, 1 potato) has been applied and risk assessment for soybean and maize has been opened to public opinion. However, applicants withdrew due to the public pressure so Biosafety Board has not made any decision.

 

Biosafety Board makes a “Decision” about applications on GMO and products via taking Scientific Committees’ risk assessment and socio-economic assessment into account. Application evaluation process is like below:

  • Evaluation of application by Biosafety Board                              90 days
  • Feedback to the applicant                                                         15 days
  • Biosafety Board’s “Decision”                                                     270 days

(Starts from feedback to the applicant)

  • Establishing of Scientific Committees
  • Report preparation of Committees
  • Report’s public release
  • Evaluation of public opinions by Committees
  • Board’s final decision after taking reports and public opinions into account
  • Report’s presentation to Ministry by Board
  • Publishing the Positive Decision                                                30 days
  • Reclamation period to Negative Decision                                   60 days
  • Evaluation of reclamation by Board                                          60 days

 

Table 1: Decisions for GMO’s Depending on Usage

 

Usage

Positive

Negative

Date of desicion

Feed

3 GM soybean

-

Official   Gazette  no 27827 in  26 January    2011

Feed

16 GM maize

-

Official Gazette    no 28152 in  24 December 2011   (13 GM maize)

Official Gazette    no 28271 in  21 April 2012 (3 GM   maize)

Feed

-

6 GM  maize

13. Biosafety   Board Meeting decision

(26 March 2012)

Feed

-

3 GM oilseed rape

16. Biosafety   Board Meeting decision

(19 November 2012)

Feed

-

1 GM sugar beet

16. Biosafety   Board Meeting decision

(19 November 2012)

Bioetanol

-

22 GM maize

16. Biosafety   Board Meeting decision

(19 November 2012)

Feed

3 GM maize

-

Official   Gazette  no 29418 in  16 July 2015

Feed

2 GM soybean

-

Official   Gazette  no 29418 in  16 July 2015

Feed

2 GM soybean

-

Official   Gazette  no 29523 in  5 November 2015

Feed

6 GM maize

-

Official Gazette    no 29523 in  5 November 2015

 

 

Framework
Regulatory framework:
Structure for GM food safety assessment:
Supplemental information:
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
Assessment
GM food safety assessment guidelines:
Conduct of GM food safety assessment:
Supplemental information on the implementation:
Stacked events
Regulation of stacked events:
Supplemental information on the stacked events:
Production and trade
GM food/feed production:
GM food/feed imports:
Supplemental information on the production and trade:
LLP/AP incidents
LLP/AP incidents:
Supplemental information on the LLP/AP incidents:
Labelling requirement
Labelling requirement:
Supplemental information on the Labelling requirement:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Other relevant documents:
Country information last modified:
19/11/2015