Country information about GM food safety assessment
Introduction national biosafety regulations:
The uruguayan regulatory framework includes safety assessments of food end feed, environmental risk asessment, risk management, and risk communication. The inter-ministerial National Biosafety Commission (GNBio) is the competent authority on biosafety of GMOs. Integrated by: The Minister of Agriculture, MGAP (chair); Minister of Health (MSP); Minister of Economy and Finance (MEF); Minister of Housing, Territorial Ordering and the Environment (MVOTMA); Minister of Foreign Affairs (MRREE); and Minister of Industry, Energy and Mining (MIEM). This commission is the last responsible to make decisions over a submitted request. It has the authority to define policies to be followed with respect to biosafety in all scopes of GMO application. Other committees of experts and scientists give support to decisones of GNBio through risk analysis of biotechnological products. The Commission for Risk Management (CGR) is composed by one delegate of each of the ministries represented within GNBio. This commission is also chaired by the representative of the Ministry of Agriculture. The CGR advises GNBio on GMO biosecurity issues; elaborates reference terms for risk assessments; manages the participation process; is responsible for follow-up and monitoring of authorized events. The Evaluation of Risk in Biosecurity (ERB) is composed of experts proposed by the CGR and designated by GNBio among specialists in the different areas of risk assessment. Is responsible for considering, on a case-by-case basis, the potential risks and benefits of each new biotech product; assure case-by-case risk assessment evaluation based on scientific methods; writes an operational plan (pre-report) of risk assessment according to CGR directives; advises CGR based on the results of the analysis of risk assessment, and provides information during the consultation process. The Institutional Articulation Committee (CAI) Is a committe of technical experts from different national public and research institutions, which performs technical risk assessment of new events; prepares a technical report. The group is coordinated by the ERB coordinator. It include different groups of assesment. The Ad hoc experts groups are technical-scientific specialists in different areas of knowledge related to the analysis and evaluation of risk on new GMO events like characterization and molecular identification of events (GAHCIM) and human and animal health (GAHSHA).
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment
Evaluation of the stacked events is focused on the possible interactions between the single events contained in the particular trait. Each staked component must have the individual risk assesment report.
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant: