Food safety and quality
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OECD Unique Identifier details

SYN-IR67B-1
Commodity: Cotton
Traits: Lepidoptera resistance
Australia
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Seeds Pty Ltd
Summary of application:
COT67B cotton is protected against two key cotton pests: Helicoverpa zea, cotton bollworm; and Heliothis virescens, tobacco budworm. Protection against these pests is achieved through expression in the plant of an insecticidal Cry protein, Cry1Ab, encoded by the full-length cry1Ab gene derived from Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki HD-1.
Cry proteins exert their effect on the target insect by causing lysis of midgut epithelial cells, which leads to gut paralysis, cessation of feeding and eventual death of the larvae. The lysis of the midgut epithelial cells is mediated by the binding of the activated Cry protein to specialised receptors on these cells.
Cotton lines containing the COT67B transformation event are intended initially for
cultivation in the United States of America but may also be grown in Australia at a later date. Food from COT67B cotton will therefore initially enter the Australian and New Zealand food supply via imported products.
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Date of authorization: 17/09/2009
Scope of authorization: Food
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.): OECD BioTrack Product Database
Summary of the safety assessment:
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment: Application A615 - Food Derived From Insect-Protected Cotton Line COT67B
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Authorization expiration date:
E-mail:
janet.gorst@foodstandards.gov.au
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
Contact person name:
Janet Gorst
Website:
Physical full address:
Boeing Building, 55 Blackall Street, Barton ACT 2600, Australia
Phone number:
+61 2 6271 2266
Fax number:
+61 2 6271 2278
Country introduction:
Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) is the regulatory agency responsible for the development of food standards in Australia and New Zealand. The main office (approximately 120 staff) is located in Canberra (in the Australian Capital Territory) and the smaller New Zealand office (approximately 15 staff) is located in Wellington on the North Island. The Food Standards Australia New Zealand Act 1991 establishes the mechanisms for the development and variation of joint food regulatory measures and creates FSANZ as the agency responsible for the development and maintenance of a joint Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code (the Code). The Code is read in conjunction with corresponding NZ and State & Territory food legislation as well as other appropriate legislative requirements (e.g. Trade Practices; Fair Trading). Within the Code, Standard 1.5.2 deals with Foods produced using Gene Technology. Applicants seeking to have a GM food approved, request a variation to Std 1.5.2 to have the GM food (from a particular line) included in the Schedule to Std 1.5.2. Only those GM foods listed in the Schedule can legally enter the food supply. An Application Handbook provides information that is required to make an application to vary the Code. This Handbook is a legal document and therefore the specified mandatory information must be supplied. For GM foods, there is also a Guidance Document that, as the name suggests, provides applicants with further details and background information on the data needed for the safety assessment of GM foods. The assessment process must be completed within a statutory timeframe (9 - 12 months depending on the complexity of the application) and involves at least one public consultation period. All GM applications involve an Exclusive Capturable Commercial Benefit i.e. applicants are required to pay a fee (outlined in the Application Handbook). Following the last public consultation, an Approval Report is prepared and is considered by the FSANZ Board who make a decision about whether the requested variation to the Code should be approved or not. The Board's decision is then passed on to the Legislative and Governance Forum on Food Regulation (the Forum), a committee comprising senior goevernment Ministers from Australia and NZ. This Committee has approximately 2 months to review the Board's decision. If the Board's approval is accepted by the Forum, the approval is then gazetted and becomes law.
Useful links
Relevant documents
Stacked events:
FSANZ does not: Separately assess food from stacked event lines where food from the GM parents has already been approved; Mandate notification of stacked events by developers; Notify the public of stacked event ‘approvals’; List food derived from stacked event lines in the Code, unless the stacked event line has been separately assessed as a single line e.g. Application A518: MXB-13 cotton (DAS-21023-5 x DAS-24236-5)
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) (http://www.foodstandards.gov.au)
Canada
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Seeds Canada Inc.
Summary of application:

Syngenta Seeds Canada developed Insect Resistant Cotton COT67B by modifying commercial cotton line Coker 312 using recombinant DNA techniques to introduce the coding sequence (flcry1Ab) for the novel protein FLCry1Ab derived from the common soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies kurstaki strain HD-1 (Btk). FLCry1Ab is an insecticidal protein effective against lepidopteran pests. Commercial cotton line Coker 312 was also modified through the introduction of the coding sequence for the antibiotic resistance gene hygromycin B phosphotransferase (aph4) derived from E.coli strain K12. This gene was introduced to act as a selectable marker for the integration of desired trait FLCry1Ab. This marker was integrated using a separate vector to that containing FLCry1Ab and Syngenta removed the marker gene from the final COT67B line through selective breeding.

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Date of authorization: 08/06/2011
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.): BioTrack Product Database
Summary of the safety assessment:
Please see decision document weblinks.
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment: Novel Foods Decision
Novel Feeds Decision
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Authorization expiration date:
E-mail:
luc.bourbonniere@hc-sc.gc.ca
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Health Canada
Contact person name:
Luc Bourbonniere
Website:
Physical full address:
251 Sir Frederick Banting Driveway, Tunney's Pasture, PL 2204A1
Phone number:
613-957-1405
Fax number:
613-952-6400
Country introduction:
Federal responsibility for the regulations dealing with foods sold in Canada, including novel foods, is shared by Health Canada and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). Health Canada is responsible for establishing standards and policies governing the safety and nutritional quality of foods and developing labelling policies related to health and nutrition. The CFIA develops standards related to the packaging, labelling and advertising of foods, and handles all inspection and enforcement duties. The CFIA also has responsibility for the regulation of seeds, veterinary biologics, fertilizers and livestock feeds. More specifically, CFIA is responsible for the regulations and guidelines dealing with cultivating plants with novel traits and dealing with livestock feeds and for conducting the respective safety assessments, whereas Health Canada is responsible for the regulations and guidelines pertaining to novel foods and for conducting safety assessments of novel foods. The mechanism by which Health Canada controls the sale of novel foods in Canada is the mandatory pre-market notification requirement as set out in Division 28 of Part B of the Food and Drug Regulations (see Figure 1). Manufacturers or importers are required under these regulations to submit information to Health Canada regarding the product in question so that a determination can be made with respect to the product's safety prior to sale. The safety criteria for the assessment of novel foods outlined in the current document were derived from internationally established scientific principles and guidelines developed through the work of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Codex Alimentarius Commission. These guidelines provide for both the rigour and the flexibility required to determine the need for notification and to conduct the safety assessment of the broad range of food products being developed. This flexibility is needed to allow novel foods and food products to be assessed on a case-by-case basis and to take into consideration future scientific advances.
Useful links
Relevant documents
Stacked events:
Food: Consistent with the definition of "novel food" in Division 28 of the Food and Drug Regulations, the progeny derived from the conventional breeding of approved genetically modified plants (one or both parents are genetically modified) would not be classified as a novel food unless some form of novelty was introduced into such progeny as a result of the cross, hence triggering the requirement for pre-market notification under Division 28. For example, notification may be required for modifications observed in the progeny that result in a change of existing characteristics of the plant that places those characteristics outside of the accepted range, or, that introduce new characteristics not previously observed in that plant (e.g. a major change has occurred in the expression levels of traits when stacked). In addition, the use of a wild species (interspecific cross) not having a history of safe use in the food supply in the development of a new plant line may also require notification to Health Canada. However, molecular stacks are considered new events and are considered to be notifiable as per Division 28.

Feed:
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
Luc Bourbonniere, Section Head Novel Foods
Japan
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Seeds K.K.
Summary of application:

COT67B is a genetically modified cotton to be resistant to Lepidoptera (Modified cry1Ab, Gossypium hirsutum L.).

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Date of authorization: 19/07/2012
Scope of authorization: Food and feed
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.): OECD BioTrack Product Database
Summary of the safety assessment:
Please see the links below (in Japanese).
Upload:
Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment: Food safety assessment performed by Food Safety Commission of Japan (in Japanese), Food
Food safety assessment performed by Food Safety Commission of Japan (in Japanese), Feed
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Authorization expiration date:
E-mail:
fscj-secretariat@cao.go.jp
Organization/agency name (Full name):
Food Safety Commission Secretariat,Cabinet Office,GOJ
Contact person name:
Hirotoshi Maehara
Website:
Physical full address:
Akasaka 5-2-20 Minato Ward,Tokyo,Japan
Phone number:
81 3 6234 1074
Fax number:
81 3 3584 7392
Country introduction:

The safety assessment of foods and food additives produced by recombinant DNA techniques (hereafter GM foods) is mandatory under the Food Sanitation Law. The Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) receives application from Applicant and requests the Food Safety Commission of Japan (FSCJ) to evaluate the safety of GM foods, and the FSCJ evaluates the safety in terms of human health. Within the FSCJ, the Expert Committee of Genetically Modified Foods conducts safety assessments based on following standards and policies
(1) Standards for the Safety Assessment of Genetically Modified Foods
(2) Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Stacked Varieties of Genetically Modified Plants
(3) Standards for the Safety Assessment of Food Additives Produced Using Genetically Modified Microorganisms
(4) Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Highly Purified Non-Protein Food Additives including Amino Acids Produced Using Genetically Modified Microorganisms It is forbidden to import or sell genetically modified foods or food products made from such foods that have not undergone safety assessment. After FSCJ submits a notification to MHLW, MHLW gives notice on the Official Gazette.

Useful links
Relevant documents
Stacked events:
With regard to stacked events, FSC conducts the Safety Assessment of GM Foods based on the “Policies Regarding the Safety Assessment of Stacked Varieties of Genetically Modified Plants”
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
Food Safety Commission of Japan (http://www.fsc.go.jp/english/index.html), Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/policy/health-medical/food/index.html)
Mexico
Name of product applicant: Syngenta Agro, S.A. de C.V.
Summary of application:

Algodón (Gossypium hirsutum) resistente a insectos lepidópteros COT67B


OECD: SYN-IR67B-1


Usos propuestos:









Para ser procesado y usado en los alimentos de   consumo humano y animal, forraje y productos industriales en la misma forma   como los productos obtenidos con el algodón convencional.



 


Descripción del producto de transformación:









El evento fue obtenido mediante   transformación mediada por Agrobacterium   tumefaciens. Produce la proteína Cry1Ab que   protege contra el daño causado por la alimentación de plagas de insectos   lepidópteros procedente de Bacillus   thuringiensis.



 


Evaluación de la inocuidad:















Alergenicidad:


Los ensayos de digestión simulada y de   estabilidad al calor, así como la comparación informática con alérgenos   conocidos, demostraron que la probabilidad de alergenicidad de las proteínas   insertadas es baja.



Toxicidad:


Los estudios de toxicidad aguda y subcrónica, así   como la comparación informática con toxinas conocidas, demostraron que la   toxicidad de las proteínas insertadas es baja.



Nutricional:


Los resultados de composición para el algodón SYN-IR67B-1 confirman   la equivalencia sustancial entre el algodón genéticamente modificado y el   algodón convencional utilizado como control.


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Date of authorization: 23/06/2011
Scope of authorization: Food
Links to the information on the same product in other databases maintained by relevant international organizations, as appropriate. (We recommend providing links to only those databases to which your country has officially contributed.):
Summary of the safety assessment:
UI OECD: SYN-IR67B-1 During the risk assessment of this GMO based on existing knowledge to date, no toxic or allergic effects neither substantial nutritional changes are observed. The event is as safe as its conventional counterpart. For more detail please find attached the risk assessment summary in this page.
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Where detection method protocols and appropriate reference material (non-viable, or in certain circumstances, viable) suitable for low-level situation may be obtained:
Relevant links to documents and information prepared by the competent authority responsible for the safety assessment:
Upload:
Authorization expiration date:
E-mail:
sortiz@conacyt.mx
Organization/agency name (Full name):
CIBIOGEM
Contact person name:
Dra. Sol Ortiz García
Website:
Physical full address:
San Borja #938, Col. Del Valle • Del. Benito Juárez C.P. 03100, México, D.F.
Phone number:
+52 (55) 5575-6878
Fax number:
Country introduction:

La Comisión Intersecretarial de Bioseguridad de los Organismos Genéticamente Modificados está integrada por los titulares de las Secretarías de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales Renovables (SEMARNAT), Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA); Salud (SS); Hacienda y Crédito Público (SHCP); Economía (SE) y Educación Pública (SEP); así como por el Director General del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT).

La presidencia de la Comisión es rotatoria por periodos de dos años, entre los Secretarios de Salud, SAGARPA y SEMARNAT ya que son las Secretarías con un mayor ámbito de competencia en relación con el uso seguro de los Organismos Genéticamente Modificados (OGMs).

Ley de Bioseguridad de Organismos Genéticamente Modificados, estipula que para su implementación la Comisión debe coordinar las acciones pertinentes con las instancias del Gobierno para cumplir su objetivo.

La CIBIOGEM, cuenta con grupos de apoyo que son sus órganos técnicos y consultivos: Comité Técnico, Consejo Consultivo Científico, Consejo Consultivo Mixto y la Secretaría Ejecutiva.

¿Cuál es el propósito de la CIBIOGEM?

Coordinar las políticas de la administración pública federal referentes a diferentes actividades relacionadas con OGMs como son: la producción, importación, exportación, movilización, transporte, siembra, consumo y, en general uso y aprovechamiento de OGMs.

 

-Courtesy Translation-

The Intersecretarial Commission on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms is made up of the heads of the Secreataries of Health (SSA); Agriculture, Livestock, Rural, Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA); Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT); Finance and Public Credit (SHCP); Economy (SE); Public Education, and the General Director of the National Council of Science and Technology.

The chair of the Commission rotates every two years among the Secretaries of Health, SEMARNAT and SAGARPA, the three entities most directly involved in policies concerning the use and biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs).

The Law on Biosafety of Genetically Modified Organisms states that the Commission aims to promote and coordinate the actions of Government agencies. CIBIOGEM receives support from the Executive Secretariat of CIBIOGEM, the Technical Committee, the Scientific Advisory Board and the Joint Advisory Council.

What is the purpose of the CIBIOGEM?

To coordinate the policies and federal regulation of activities related to Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) such as: production, import, export, mobilization, transportation, release into the environment, consumption, and general use of GMOs.

Useful links
Relevant documents
Stacked events:
Contact details of the competent authority(s) responsible for the safety assessment and the product applicant:
Secretaría de Salud / Phone: +52 55 5080 5200 /Email: ralatorre@cofepris.gob.mx