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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring Dimethyl succinate
Synonym(s) Methyl butandioate;Methyl succinate
Latest JECFA evaluation 2002 (Session 59)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name Dimethyl butanedioate
JECFA number 616
CAS number 106-65-0
FEMA number 2396
COE number 439
FLAVIS number
Molecular weight 146.14
Chemical formula C6H10O4
Physical form/odour colourless to pale yellow liquid, solidifying in the cold with pleasant ethereal-winey, slightly fruity odour
Solubility slightly soluble to soluble in water; slightly soluble in alcohol; miscible in oils
Solubility in ethanol 1 mL in 1 mL 95% alcohol
Boiling point (°C) 195-196°
Assay min % 98%
Acid value max 1
Refractive index 1.418-1.422
Specific gravity 1.114-1.118
Other requirements
ID Test IR