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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring d-3-Carene
Synonym(s) 3-Carene;(+)-3-Carene
Latest JECFA evaluation 2004 (Session 63)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name 3,7,7-Trimethyl-bicyclo(4.1.0)hept-3-ene
JECFA number 1342
CAS number 13466-78-9
FEMA number 3821
COE number
FLAVIS number 01.029
Molecular weight 136.24
Chemical formula C10H16
Physical form/odour Colourless to light pale liquid; fruity aroma
Solubility Insoluble in water; soluble in benzene, pet ether
Solubility in ethanol Slightly soluble
Boiling point (°C) 169-174°
Assay min % 92%
Acid value max <1.0
Refractive index 1.468-1.478
Specific gravity 0.860-0.868
Other requirements SC: beta-pinene, limonene, myrcene, p-cymene