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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring Nonanal
Synonym(s) Aldehyde C-9;Pelargonic aldehyde
Latest JECFA evaluation 2003 (Session 61)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name Nonanal
JECFA number 101
CAS number 124-19-6
FEMA number 2782
COE number 114
FLAVIS number 05.025
Molecular weight 142.24
Chemical formula C9H18O
Physical form/odour colourless to yellow liquid/fruity odour
Solubility soluble in alcohol, most fixed oils, propylene glycol; insoluble in glycerol
Solubility in ethanol 1 ml in 3 ml of 70% alcohol
Boiling point (°C) 93° (23 mm Hg); 191°
Assay min % 92%
Acid value max 10
Refractive index 1.422-1.429
Specific gravity 0.820-0.830
Other requirements SC: 2-methyloctanal
ID Test IR