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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring Benzyl alcohol
Synonym(s) Phenyl carbinol;Phenylmethanol;alpha-Hydroxytoluene
Latest JECFA evaluation 2001 (Session 57)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name Benzyl alcohol
JECFA number 25
CAS number 100-51-6
FEMA number 2137
COE number 58
FLAVIS number
Molecular weight 108.14
Chemical formula C7H8O
Physical form/odour colourless liquid with a slightly pungent, faint aromatic, fruity odour
Solubility slightly soluble in water, soluble in organic solvents, oils
Solubility in ethanol miscible at room temperature
Boiling point (°C) 205°
Assay min % 98.0%
Acid value max 0.5
Refractive index 1.536-1.541
Specific gravity 1.040-1.050
Other requirements Passes test for chlorinated compounds; passes test for peroxides
ID Test IR