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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring Menthol
Latest JECFA evaluation 2018 (Session 86)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name 3-p-Menthanol
JECFA number 427
CAS number 89-78-1
FEMA number 2665
COE number 63
FLAVIS number
Molecular weight 156.27
Chemical formula C10H20O
Physical form/odour colourless, hexagonal crystals, usually needle-like; fused masses or crystalline powder with a pleasant, peppermint-like odour
Solubility very soluble in alcohol and volatile oils; slightly soluble in water
Solubility in ethanol
Boiling point (°C) 212° ((-)-isomer 216.5)
Assay min % 95% (sum of 2 isomers)
Acid value max
Refractive index 1.461
Specific gravity 0.901 (20°); 0.891 (30°)
Other requirements Melting Range: 41-44° ((-)-menthol); Nonvolatile Residue: =< 0.05%; Angular Rotation: -52° to -40° ((-)-menthol): -2° to +2° (dl-menthol)
ID Test IR