Food safety and quality
| share

Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring gamma-Nonalactone
Synonym(s) Nona-1,4-lactone;Aldehyde C-18
Latest JECFA evaluation 2000 (Session 55)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name 4-Nonanolide;5-Pentyldihydro-2(3H)-furanone
JECFA number 229
CAS number 104-61-0
FEMA number 2781
COE number 178
FLAVIS number
Molecular weight 156.22
Chemical formula C9H16O2
Physical form/odour colourless to slightly yellow liquid with a coconut-like odour
Solubility soluble in alcohol, most fixed oils and propylene glycol; insoluble in water
Solubility in ethanol 1 ml in 5 ml 60% alcohol
Boiling point (°C) 121-122° (6 mmHg)
Assay min % 98%
Acid value max 2
Refractive index 1.446-1.450
Specific gravity 0.958-0.966
Other requirements
ID Test IR