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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring Propyl formate
Synonym(s) Propyl methanoate
Latest JECFA evaluation 2003 (Session 61)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name Propyl formate
JECFA number 117
CAS number 110-74-7
FEMA number 2943
COE number 340
FLAVIS number 09.073
Molecular weight 88.1
Chemical formula C4H8O2
Physical form/odour colourless to pale yellow liquid with a characteristic fruity, rum-plum odour
Solubility miscible with alcohol, ether, most organic solvents; soluble in 1 ml in 45 ml water
Solubility in ethanol
Boiling point (°C) 81-82°
Assay min % 94%
Acid value max
Refractive index 1.369-1.384
Specific gravity 0.895-0.905
Other requirements SC: propyl alcohol
ID Test IR