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Online Edition: "Specifications for Flavourings"

Flavouring Ethyl pyruvate
Synonym(s) Ethyl pyroracemate;Ethyl acetylformate;Ethyl alpha-ketopropionate
Latest JECFA evaluation 2001 (Session 57)
Status of specification Full
Chemical name Ethyl 2-oxopropanoate
JECFA number 938
CAS number 617-35-6
FEMA number 2457
COE number 430
FLAVIS number
Molecular weight 116.12
Chemical formula C5H8O3
Physical form/odour colourless liquid with a sweet, floral-fruity, warm odour
Solubility slightly soluble in water; soluble in organic solvents, oils
Solubility in ethanol miscible at room temperature
Boiling point (°C) 144°
Assay min % 95%
Acid value max 2
Refractive index 1.403-1.409
Specific gravity 1.044-1.065
Other requirements
ID Test IR