Food Chain Crisis Management Framework

FCC About

Threats to the food chain

The increasing number of outbreaks of transboundary animal diseases, plant pests and diseases and food safety emergencies have raised public awareness. Their potential impact on human health as well as on livelihoods, food security, national economies and on global markets presents a cause for alarm.

Changing agro-ecological conditions, intensifying food production systems and the expanding global trade increase the likelihood of animal and plant diseases and pests emerging and spreading farther and faster than ever before, and for unsafe food to reach numerous consumers in distant markets.

Food Chain Crisis Management Framework

To address threats to the human food chain, a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach is essential. The Food Chain Crisis Management Framework (FCC) is FAO’s instrument for action in support of Member Countries in the global governance of threats to the human food chain at all stages from production to consumption.

Interdepartmental approach

The FCC is an interdepartmental approach. It reunites the expertise of the departments of Agriculture and Consumer Protection, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Forestry, Technical Cooperation and the Office of Corporate Communications as well as FAO decentralized offices.


The FCC interdisciplinary approach has led to the development of comprehensive, integrated structure that covers animal health, plant protection and food safety.

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The FCC: FAO's interdisciplinary approach to address threats to the human food chain
  • The Intelligence and Coordination Unit ensures coordination within the various constituents of the FCC.
  • EMPRES addresses prevention and early warning across the entire food chain.
  • Rapid-, medium- and long-term response ensures adequate response to verified or potential threats through technical and operational capacities of FAO.