Forest and Farm Facility


The Forest and Farm Facility (FFF) is a multi-donor trust fund project (MUL) hosted by FAO and financed by several resource partners, which pool their funds to contribute to a single budget in order to achieve the agreed-upon outcomes presented in a project document. FFF Phase 1 started in 2012 and was completed in 2017. A summary report of FFF Phase 1 is available here. FFF Phase 2 was launched in July 2017 and is slated for completion in 2022. The FFF is made possible thanks to the generous contributions of the following countries:


Sweden has been an active supporter of the FFF since its inception in 2012. It has also provided essential support during the transition from Phase 1 to Phase 2, allowing for the continuation of activities and their implementation in partner countries.

Sweden contributed USD 8.2 million to Phase 1 and USD 14.6 million to Phase 2, totaling almost USD 23 million and making it the largest supporter of the FFF. Support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) has helped the FFF to develop and strengthen partnerships with other Swedish organizations, including We Effect and the Federation of Swedish Farmers (LRF).

The support provided by Sweden reflects at least four of the six thematic priorities of its current development strategy:

  1. Environment and climate change;
  2. Gender equality and the role of women in development;
  3. Economic growth; and
  4. Social development and safety. 


Finland has been a strong supporter of the FFF since 2013. The Finnish Government, through its Ministry of Foreign Affairs, contributed EUR 4.2 million to the FFF in Phase 1 and EUR 2.1 million to the current Phase 2, amounting to total funding of
EUR 6.3 million

Finland’s support has helped the FFF to develop and strengthen partnerships with other Finnish organizations, including the Central Union of Agricultural Producers and Forest Owners (MTK) and the Finnish Agri-Agency for Food and Forest Development (FFD).

The support to FFF falls under at least three of the four thematic priorities for development of the Finnish Government: 

  1. Rights and status of women and girls;
  2. Growth of developing countries' economies to generate more jobs, livelihoods and well-being; and
  3. Food security, access to water and energy, and sustainable use of natural resources.


The German Government was one of the original supporters of the FFF in Phase 1 through the Carlowitz Project, which was funded by the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL).

Through its service provider GIZ and with funding by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), Germany rejoined the FFF in 2019 with a financial contribution of USD 854 000. For the past 50 years, GIZ has been operating in the fields of international cooperation for sustainable development and international education. It has expertise in a wide variety of areas, including economic development and employment promotion, energy and the environment, and peace and security. 

The support by GIZ to the FFF reflects two of its seven current thematic priorities in development:  

  1. Environment and climate change; and
  2. Economic development and employment. 

The Netherlands

The Government of the Netherlands, through its Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, joined the FFF multi-donor trust fund in April 2019. The Dutch Government is supporting the implementation of the FFF through an initial contribution of 
USD 100 000

Its support is also provided within the framework of the recently launched joint initiative Food, Forests and Farming for the Future, which aims to increase the potential synergy between food security, resilient livelihoods and the conservation and restoration of forests and biodiversity. The Netherlands shares the FFF’s focus in supporting the financial inclusion of family farmers, especially women, by treating them as entrepreneurs, promoting their access to better credit and increasing their resilience. 

The support to the FFF is clustered under Food Security, one of the current four development priorities of the Dutch Government. More specifically under this cluster, the Netherlands’ attention to the FFF focuses on:

  1. Increasing sustainably produced food and access to nutritious food;
  2. Enhancing market efficiency by removing barriers to national, regional and world trade; and
  3. Working towards a better business climate to enable the private sector to play a greater role.

EU-FLEGT Programme

The FFF is also supported through the FAO-EU Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Programme in partnership with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR). With a contribution of USD 1.1 million, the FLEGT Programme seeks to reduce and ultimately eliminate illegal logging.

United States of America

The United States Department of States has been a firm supporter of the FFF since its phase I, contributing with USD 950 000 in phase I and USD 100 000 in phase II. This support has led to important collaboration with the International Office of the US Forest Service as well.

The United States is one of the largest contributors to FAO’s budget and a key resource partner supporting FAO's work across the food and agriculture sector. Major areas of cooperation include emergency assistance and resilience building, food safety, and sustainable agricultural production and natural resource management.


Norway was the latest resource partner to join the FFF in December 2019, providing a generous contribution of USD 1.5 million through the Flexible Multi-partner Mechanism FMM, and allowing the FFF to add a new core country – Tanzania, bringing the total number of core countries to ten. The Norwegian contribution also enabled to provide support for two African network countries - Liberia and the Gambia.

Overall goals of the Norwegian Development Cooperation are:

  • Eradicate of extreme poverty by 2030
  • Ensure good governance and respect for human rights for all by 2030
  • Contribute to rights-based implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  • Ensure that people in need receive the necessary assistance and protection
  • Contribute to sustainable development and help to make countries independent of aid
  • Education, health and job creation through business development are key areas of intervention for Norway. Human rights, gender equality, climate and environment, and anti-corruption are crosscutting issues in Norway’s development policy.

Norway's international support to food security in a climate change perspective is rights-based and directed towards smallholders in general and women smallholders in particular. The purpose of the support is to increase productivity, build resilience and strengthen smallholders' ability to influence decisions that have a direct impact on their lives. Norway requests gender-sensitive data and reporting in order to be able to evaluate progress in this area.