Millennium Development Goals
Goal 1: eradicate extreme poverty and hungerThe degradation of natural resources is a significant constraint to poverty reduction and to sustainable agricultural development in many developing countries. Deforestation,loss of biodiversity,water scarcityclimate changeand erosion are the result of unsustainable use of forest and natural resources.
Water Scarcity, in particular, is a major threat to achieving sustainable production and food security, but it also affects access to safe drinking water, both in rural and urban areas.
Two thirds of the world's freshwater are supplied by watersheds, which are closely related to forest ecosystems. This is why Sustainable forest management and watershed management are critical strategies to reach both, Goal 7 aimed to ensuring environmental sustainability, but also other Millennium development goals and targets such as Goal 1 aimed to halvingthe proportion of people living in extreme poverty and hunger, and target 10 of Goal 7 geared towards halvingthe proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and sanitationby 2015.
However, the impact of sustainable management practices will go beyond the provision of water. In the future, sustainable forest management will also ensure forests' economic contribution to national economies, including: the provision of wood and non wood forest products, commercial opportunities, employment to rural and urban populations, income sources and forest foods from non wood forest products such as fish, bush meat, fodder, mushroom, honey, edible leaves, roots and fruits, and finally, healthy surroundings and recreation areas.