Mountains

  • The top 20 countries with the highest percentage of mountainous areas are: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Bhutan, Lesotho, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Switzerland, Macedonia, Lebanon, Rwanda, Armenia, Nepal, Georgia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Swaziland, Turkey, Austria, Albania and Slovenia.
  • Mountains cover about 27 percent of the world's land surface.
  • All of the world's mountains above 7 000 m are in Asia, and all 14 peaks above 8 000 m are situated in the Greater Himalaya range extending along the southern rim of the Tibet Plateau.
  • Up to 80 percent of the planet's fresh surface water comes from mountains.
  • The total number of mountain people is 718 million. Of these, 625 live in developing and transition countries (2000).
  • About 12 percent of the world's population lives in the mountains, but over 50 percent are directly or indirectly dependent on mountain resources (FAO, 2000).
  • Some 80 percent of mountain people live below the poverty line.
  • As many as 245 million rural mountain people in developing and transition countries may be at risk of, or actually experiencing, hunger.
  • In 1999, 23 of the 27 major armed conflicts in the world were being fought in mountain regions.
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last updated:  Wednesday, November 9, 2011