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THE NATIONAL FOREST PROGRAMME APPROACH
The national forest programme provides a global framework to address forestry issues within the context of sustainable development. They are tools for the planning, implementing and monitoring of forestry and forestry-related activities. National forest programmes follow a participatory planning and implementation approach that encourages the involvement of all forest-dependent actors at local, national and global levels and the development of a partnership between all stakeholders, emphasizing national sovereignty with regard to the management of forest resources and the need for country leadership and responsibility.
- As a framework for planning, the national forest programme provides strategic orientation for the forestry sector, in harmony with other sectors of the national economy.
- As a framework for action, the national forest programme provides an environment for the concerted and coordinated implementation of programmes and activities by all stakeholders based on mutually agreed objectives and strategies.
The national forest programme approach is flexible and can be adapted to a wide range of situations. Although originally devised for tropical countries and national level planning and implementation, the basic principles and operational guidelines of the national forest programme can be applied to all kinds of forests and at various levels: national, international and sub-national.
- National governments may use this framework for the formulation of their forestry sector plans.
- Decentralized government authorities, as well as other national partners such as Community-Based Organizations, Non-Governmental Organizations and the private sector, may use it to plan and implement their activities in line with the national framework.
- Concerned international institutions may use it to harmonize their action, strengthen their cooperation in forestry and enhance the use of human and financial resources in an effective and efficient way.
- Sub-regional and regional organisations of different ountries with the same interests can use this methodological framework to formulate and implement actions together.
GOAL AND MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THE NATIONAL FORESTRY PROGRAMME
The goal of national forest programme is to promote the conservation and sustainable use of forest resources to meet local, national and global needs, through fostering national and international partnerships to manage, protect and restore forest resources and land, for the benefit of present and future generations. The main objectives are to:
- introduce inter-sectoral planning approaches involving all relevant partners, in order to resolve conflicts and generate effective policies and programmes to address problems;
- raise awareness and mobilize commitments at all levels in order to address the issues related to sustainable forestry development;
- increase the efficiency and effectiveness of both public and private actions for sustainable forestry development;
- foster local, national, regional and international partnerships;
- mobilize and organize national and (if necessary) international resources and catalyse action to implement programmes/plans in a coordinated manner;
- plan and implement how forests and the forestry sector could contribute to national and global initiatives, e.g., the Environmental Action Plans and the actions agreed upon to implement the Forest Principles, the Chapter 11 of Agenda 21, the Conventions on Biodiversity on Climate Change and on desertification.