Revision / updating
in this section:
EVALUATION OF NATIONAL FOREST PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION
RE-ASSESSMENT OF THE NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT
UPDATING THE NATIONAL FOREST PROGRAMME
The national forest programme should be considered a cyclic process: periodically it should be evaluated and updated with continuous reviews. Such revisions will take place depending, of course, on the analysis of the changes needed. Often the conclusion of the short term Action Plan corresponds with the timely introduction of these changes. The significance of these changes will depend on the quality and comprehensiveness of the original national forest programme and on the magnitude of the changes that have occurred on both the national and international scenes during the Programme implementation.
The figure shows the possible stages of the national forest programme revision / update and its ins and outs.The revision will be based on an evaluation of the national forest programme implementation and on a re-assessment of the national and international context. The policies, strategies and action plan will be revised and a new national forest programme formulated for presentation to national and (potential) international partners for their renewed commitment.
During the national forest programme implementation, some key elements may appear to have been missed or others not studied thoroughly enough in the initial planning cycle. Therefore, while revising the programme, special care should be taken to reinforce the weaker aspects and to bridge the identified gaps.
Essentially, the evaluation should assess how the national forest programmes has performed, the impact of national forest programme activities and identify what should be improved/changed with regard to goals and objectives, procedures, activities and partners.
The evaluation should:
- review the relevance of the programme targets and objectives in relation to changing conditions;
- provide information on its impact, e.g., the extent to which the programme implementation has resolved fundamental problems such as deforestation, wood and non-wood product supplies, reforestation and, generated forestry sector contributions to social and economic development at various levels;
- assess the level of integration of the programme with national development plans and its contribution to meeting the national development goals;
- assess changes in policy, policy instruments and impact of institutional strengthening;
- assess environmental impact and the contribution of the national forest programme generated activities to global environmental issues;
- assess the contribution of the programme to sustainable development;
- quantify the changes of activity in the forestry sector and its contribution to the national economy;
- appraise the involvement and performance of all partners, national and international, with regard to original commitments;
- assess the efficiency and effectiveness of communications and information between all partners (national and international).
In addition, activities, initiatives or results that may have arisen as an indirect consequence of the programme should be evaluated.
Before up-dating the national forest programme, a fresh look at the prevailing situation in the country is necessary.
The national context will have to be re-examined. Recent national policies, strategic actions and development plans should be reviewed along with the policies of forestry-related sectors or those that influence them.
The evolution of the international context will also have to be taken into account, e.g., actions promoted as a result of UNCED, the Conventions on Biodiversity, on Climate Change and on Desertification Control, as well as other actions related to the development of guidelines, criteria and indicators for the sustainable management of forest and different forest resources.
UPDATING THE NATIONAL FOREST PROGRAMME
The new national forest programme will be the result of an up-date, following a process similar to the one followed for the original Programme. The forest policy could be revised, as well as the proposed strategy for its implementation. A new Action Plan will be formulated.
This new version will then be presented at seminars and/or round tables, to national and international partners for their endorsement and renewed commitment.