Extensión de los bosques y de las otras tierras boscosas 2005
País / Área Área de tierras Aguas continentales Área total
Bosque Otras tierras boscosas Otras tierras
Total cubierta de árboles
1000 ha % del área terrestre 1000 ha 1000 ha 1000 ha 1000 ha 1000 ha
Angola 59.104 47,4 - 65.566 - 0 124.670
Botswana 11.943 21,1 34.791 9.939 - 1.500 58.173
British Indian Ocean Territory 3 32,5 0 5 - 0 8
Comoros 5 2,9 - 180 - n.s. 186
Kenya 3.522 6,2 34.920 18.472 10.320 1.123 58.037
Lesotho 8 0,3 31 2.996 - - 3.035
Madagascar 12.838 22,1 17.054 28.262 - 550 58.704
Malawi 3.402 36,2 - 6.006 7 2.440 11.848
Mauritius 37 18,2 15 151 - 1 204
Mayotte 5 14,7 - 32 - 0 37
Mozambique 19.262 24,6 40.919 18.228 - 1.750 80.159
Namibia 7.661 9,3 8.473 66.195 - 100 82.429
Réunion 84 33,6 55 111 18 1 251
Seychelles 40 88,9 - 5 - 0 45
South Africa 9.203 7,6 21.409 90.835 - 462 121.909
Swaziland 541 31,5 289 890 - 16 1.736
Uganda 3.627 18,4 1.150 14.933 - 4.394 24.104
United Republic of Tanzania 35.257 39,9 4.756 48.346 - 6.150 94.509
Zambia 42.452 57,1 3.161 28.726 - 922 75.261
Zimbabwe 17.540 45,3 - 21.145 - 390 39.075
Eastern and Southern Africa 226.534 27,8 167.023 421.024 10.345 19.799 834.380
Algeria 2.277 1,0 1.595 234.302 - - 238.174
Burkina Faso 6.794 29,0 7.427 9.178 - 4.000 27.400
Chad 11.921 9,5 9.152 104.847 - 2.480 128.400
Djibouti 6 0,2 220 2.092 - 2 2.320
Egypt 67 0,1 20 99.458 - 600 100.145
Eritrea 1.554 15,4 7.257 1.289 - 1.660 11.760
Ethiopia 13.000 11,9 44.650 51.981 - 799 110.430
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 217 0,1 330 175.407 - 0 175.954
Mali 12.572 10,3 16.532 92.916 - 2.000 124.019
Mauritania 267 0,3 3.110 99.145 - 30 102.552
Morocco 4.364 9,8 406 39.860 - 25 44.655
Niger 1.266 1,0 3.740 121.664 8.000 30 126.700
Somalia 7.131 11,4 - 55.603 - 1.032 63.766
Sudan 67.546 28,4 - 170.054 - 12.981 250.581
Tunisia 1.056 6,8 170 14.310 2.207 825 16.361
Western Sahara 1.011 3,8 - 25.589 - - 26.600
Northern Africa 131.048 8,6 94.609 1.297.696 10.207 26.464 1.549.817
Benin 2.351 21,3 3.959 4.752 - 200 11.262
Burundi 152 5,9 722 1.694 - 215 2.783
Cameroon 21.245 45,6 14.758 10.537 - 1.004 47.544
Cape Verde 84 20,7 - 319 - 0 403
Central African Republic 22.755 36,5 10.122 29.421 - - 62.298
Congo 22.471 65,8 10.547 1.132 - 50 34.200
Côte d'Ivoire 10.405 32,7 2.626 18.769 379 446 32.246
Democratic Republic of the Congo 133.610 58,9 83.277 9.819 - 7.781 234.486
Equatorial Guinea 1.632 58,2 31 1.142 - 0 2.805
Gabon 21.775 84,5 - 3.992 - 1.000 26.767
Gambia 471 41,7 125 534 - 0 1.130
Ghana 5.517 24,2 0 17.237 - 1.100 23.854
Guinea 6.724 27,4 5.850 11.998 - 14 24.586
Guinea-Bissau 2.072 73,7 236 505 - 800 3.612
Liberia 3.154 32,7 0 6.478 179 1.505 11.137
Nigeria 11.089 12,2 5.495 74.493 220 1.300 92.377
Rwanda 480 19,5 61 1.926 - 167 2.634
Saint Helena 2 6,5 0 29 - 0 31
Sao Tome and Principe 27 28,4 29 40 10 0 96
Senegal 8.673 45,0 5.001 5.579 - 419 19.672
Sierra Leone 2.754 38,5 384 4.024 - 12 7.174
Togo 386 7,1 1.246 3.807 - 240 5.679
Western and Central Africa 277.829 44,1 144.468 208.227 788 16.253 646.776
Africa 635.412 21,4 406.100 1.926.946 21.339 62.516 3.030.974
China 197.290 21,2 87.615 647.837 0 27.063 959.805
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 6.187 51,4 - 5.854 - 13 12.054
Japan 24.868 68,2 - 11.582 - 1.330 37.780
Mongolia 10.252 6,5 2.388 144.010 - 0 156.650
Republic of Korea 6.265 63,5 - 3.608 - 53 9.926
East Asia 244.862 21,3 90.003 812.891 0 28.459 1.176.215
Bangladesh 871 6,7 58 12.087 343 1.383 14.400
Bhutan 3.195 68,0 611 894 - 0 4.700
Brunei Darussalam 278 52,8 160 89 - 50 577
Cambodia 10.447 59,2 270 6.935 - 452 18.104
India 67.701 22,8 4.110 225.508 815 31.407 328.726
Indonesia 88.495 48,8 - 92.662 9.648 9.300 190.457
Lao People's Democratic Republic 16.142 69,9 4.643 2.295 - 600 23.680
Malaysia 20.890 63,6 - 11.965 - 120 32.975
Maldives 1 3,0 0 29 - 0 30
Myanmar 32.222 49,0 10.834 22.699 - 1.903 67.658
Nepal 3.636 25,4 1.897 8.767 - 418 14.718
Pakistan 1.902 2,5 1.389 73.797 - 2.522 79.610
Philippines 7.162 24,0 3.611 19.044 - 183 30.000
Singapore 2 3,4 0 65 0 1 68
Sri Lanka 1.933 29,9 0 4.530 - 98 6.561
Thailand 14.520 28,4 - 36.569 - 223 51.312
Timor-Leste 798 53,7 - 689 - - 1.487
Viet Nam 12.931 39,7 2.259 17.359 - 620 33.169
South and South-east Asia 283.127 33,4 29.842 535.983 10.806 49.280 898.232
Afghanistan 867 1,3 - 64.342 - 0 65.209
Armenia 283 10,0 45 2.492 7 160 2.980
Azerbaijan 936 11,3 54 7.270 - 400 8.660
Bahrain n.s. 0,6 0 71 - 0 71
Cyprus 174 18,9 214 536 26 1 925
Georgia 2.760 39,7 50 4.139 - 21 6.970
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 11.075 6,8 5.340 147.205 83 1.200 164.820
Iraq 822 1,9 927 41.988 70 95 43.832
Israel 171 8,3 85 1.806 - 44 2.106
Jordan 83 0,9 52 8.758 222 28 8.921
Kazakhstan 3.337 1,2 15.622 251.011 3 2.520 272.490
Kuwait 6 0,3 0 1.776 - 0 1.782
Kyrgyzstan 869 4,5 313 17.998 - 810 19.990
Lebanon 136 13,3 106 780 114 17 1.040
Occupied Palestinian Territory 9 1,5 - 593 - 19 621
Oman 2 n.s. 1.303 19.941 50 0 21.246
Qatar n.s. n.s. n.s. 1.100 - 0 1.100
Saudi Arabia 2.728 1,3 34.155 178.086 0 0 214.969
Syrian Arab Republic 461 2,5 35 17.882 231 140 18.518
Tajikistan 410 2,9 142 13.444 102 259 14.255
Turkey 10.175 13,2 10.689 56.099 - 519 77.482
Turkmenistan 4.127 8,8 0 42.866 - 1.817 48.810
United Arab Emirates 312 3,7 4 8.044 195 0 8.360
Uzbekistan 3.295 8,0 904 37.225 - 3.316 44.740
Yemen 549 1,0 1.406 50.842 42 0 52.797
Western and Central Asia 43.588 4,0 71.446 976.294 1.145 11.366 1.102.694
Asia 571.577 18,5 191.291 2.325.168 11.951 89.105 3.177.141
Albania 794 29,0 261 1.685 - 135 2.875
Andorra 16 35,6 - 29 - 0 45
Austria 3.862 46,7 118 4.293 - 113 8.386
Belarus 7.894 38,0 914 11.940 - 12 20.760
Belgium 667 22,0 27 2.334 - 25 3.053
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.185 43,1 549 2.339 - 47 5.120
Bulgaria 3.625 32,8 27 7.411 - 36 11.099
Channel Islands 1 4,1 0 18 0 n.s. 19
Croatia 2.135 38,2 346 3.111 - 62 5.654
Czech Republic 2.648 34,3 0 5.080 96 159 7.887
Denmark 500 11,8 136 3.607 - 66 4.309
Estonia 2.284 53,9 82 1.873 - 284 4.523
Faeroe Islands n.s. 0,1 - 140 - 0 140
Finland 22.500 73,9 802 7.145 177 3.367 33.814
France 15.554 28,3 1.708 37.748 269 140 55.150
Germany 11.076 31,7 - 23.819 - 808 35.703
Gibraltar 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Greece 3.752 29,1 2.780 6.358 - 306 13.196
Holy See 0 0 0 n.s. - 0 n.s.
Hungary 1.976 21,5 0 7.235 95 92 9.303
Iceland 46 0,5 104 9.875 8 275 10.300
Ireland 669 9,7 41 6.179 - 138 7.027
Isle of Man 3 6,1 0 54 0 n.s. 57
Italy 9.979 33,9 1.047 18.385 - 723 30.134
Latvia 2.941 47,4 115 3.149 29 255 6.460
Liechtenstein 7 43,1 0 9 - 0 16
Lithuania 2.099 33,5 77 4.092 62 262 6.530
Luxembourg 87 33,5 1 170 - 0 259
Malta n.s. 1,1 0 32 - 0 32
Monaco 0 0 0 n.s. n.s. 0 n.s.
Netherlands 365 10,8 0 3.023 0 765 4.153
Norway 9.387 30,7 2.613 18.625 - 1.751 32.376
Poland 9.192 30,0 - 21.437 - 640 31.269
Portugal 3.783 41,3 84 5.283 - 48 9.198
Republic of Moldova 329 10,0 31 2.928 - 96 3.384
Romania 6.370 27,7 258 16.359 - 852 23.839
Russian Federation 808.790 47,9 74.185 805.875 4.698 18.690 1.707.540
San Marino n.s. 1,6 0 6 - 0 6
Serbia 2.694 26,4 808 6.698 269 17 10.217
Slovakia 1.929 40,1 - 2.879 32 93 4.901
Slovenia 1.264 62,8 44 706 24 13 2.027
Spain 17.915 35,9 10.299 21.730 - 655 50.599
Sweden 27.528 66,9 3.257 10.377 1.353 3.834 44.996
Switzerland 1.221 30,9 67 2.667 - 174 4.129
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 906 35,8 82 1.543 - 40 2.571
Ukraine 9.575 16,5 41 48.319 907 2.435 60.370
United Kingdom 2.845 11,8 20 21.223 24 203 24.291
Europe 1.001.394 44,3 100.925 1.157.788 8.044 37.611 2.297.719
Anguilla 6 71,4 - 2 - - 8
Antigua and Barbuda 9 21,4 16 19 - 0 44
Aruba n.s. 2,2 0 19 - 0 19
Bahamas 515 51,5 36 450 - 387 1.388
Barbados 2 4,0 - 41 - 0 43
Bermuda 1 20,0 0 4 0 0 5
British Virgin Islands 4 24,4 2 10 - 0 15
Cayman Islands 12 48,4 4 10 - n.s. 26
Cuba 2.713 24,7 260 8.009 257 104 11.086
Dominica 46 61,3 n.s. 29 - 0 75
Dominican Republic 1.376 28,4 678 2.784 - 35 4.873
Grenada 4 12,2 5 25 - 0 34
Guadeloupe 80 47,2 2 87 - 2 171
Haiti 105 3,8 - 2.651 - 19 2.775
Jamaica 339 31,3 188 556 82 16 1.099
Martinique 46 43,9 - 60 - 4 110
Montserrat 4 35,0 - 6 - 0 10
Netherlands Antilles 1 1,5 33 46 - 0 80
Puerto Rico 408 46,0 - 479 - 8 895
Saint Kitts and Nevis 5 14,7 6 25 - 0 36
Saint Lucia 17 27,9 5 39 - 1 62
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 11 27,4 2 26 - 0 39
Trinidad and Tobago 226 44,1 74 213 - 0 513
Turks and Caicos Islands 34 80,0 - 9 - 0 43
United States Virgin Islands 10 27,9 - 24 - 0 34
Caribbean 5.974 26,1 1.310 15.622 339 576 23.482
Belize 1.653 72,5 115 512 - 16 2.296
Costa Rica 2.391 46,8 10 2.705 - 4 5.110
El Salvador 298 14,4 201 1.573 167 32 2.104
Guatemala 3.938 36,3 1.672 5.233 139 46 10.889
Honduras 4.648 41,5 710 5.831 - 20 11.209
Nicaragua 5.189 42,7 1.022 5.929 - 860 13.000
Panama 4.294 57,7 1.288 1.861 143 109 7.552
Central America 22.411 43,9 5.018 23.644 449 1.087 52.160
Canada 310.134 33,6 91.951 520.012 - 74.964 997.061
Greenland n.s. n.s. 8 41.037 - 0 41.045
Mexico 64.238 33,7 19.908 106.723 - 4.951 195.820
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3 13,0 - 20 - 1 24
United States of America 303.089 33,1 - 612.807 32.899 47.013 962.909
North America 677.464 32,7 111.866 1.280.599 32.899 126.929 2.196.859
North and Central America 705.849 32,9 118.194 1.319.865 33.687 128.592 2.272.501
American Samoa 18 89,4 - 2 - 0 20
Australia 163.678 21,3 421.590 182.962 - 5.892 774.122
Cook Islands 16 66,5 - 8 - 0 23
Fiji 1.000 54,7 - 827 59 0 1.827
French Polynesia 105 28,7 - 261 - 34 400
Guam 26 47,1 0 29 - 0 55
Kiribati 2 3,0 - 71 17 0 73
Marshall Islands - - - 18 - 0 18
Micronesia (Federated States of) 63 90,6 - 7 - 0 70
Nauru 0 0 0 2 - 0 2
New Caledonia 717 39,2 787 324 - 30 1.858
New Zealand 8.309 31,0 2.557 15.933 - 254 27.053
Niue 14 54,2 - 12 - 0 26
Northern Mariana Islands 33 72,4 - 13 - 0 46
Palau 40 87,6 - 6 - 0 46
Papua New Guinea 29.437 65,0 4.474 11.375 - 998 46.284
Pitcairn 4 83,3 0 n.s. 0 0 4
Samoa 171 60,4 22 90 63 1 284
Solomon Islands 2.172 77,6 - 627 - 91 2.890
Tokelau 0 0 0 1 - 0 1
Tonga 4 5,0 1 68 - 3 75
Tuvalu 1 33,3 0 2 - 0 3
Vanuatu 440 36,1 476 304 - 0 1.219
Wallis and Futuna Islands 5 35,3 1 8 5 n.s. 14
Oceania 206.254 24,3 429.908 212.948 145 7.303 856.414
Argentina 33.021 12,1 60.961 179.687 - 4.371 278.040
Bolivia (plurinational state of) 58.740 54,2 2.473 47.225 - 1.420 109.858
Brazil 477.698 57,2 - 357.858 - 15.932 851.488
Chile 16.121 21,5 13.241 45.518 - 783 75.663
Colombia 60.728 58,5 18.202 24.940 - 10.021 113.891
Ecuador 10.853 39,2 1.448 15.382 - 672 28.356
Falkland Islands 0 0 0 1.217 0 0 1.217
French Guiana 8.063 91,8 0 724 0 213 9.000
Guyana 15.104 76,7 3.580 1.002 - 1.812 21.497
Paraguay 18.475 46,5 - 21.255 - 945 40.675
Peru 68.742 53,7 22.132 37.126 600 522 128.522
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 0 0 0 409 - 0 409
Suriname 14.776 94,7 - 824 - 727 16.327
Uruguay 1.506 8,6 4 15.992 13 120 17.622
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 47.713 54,1 7.369 33.123 - 3.000 91.205
South America 831.540 47,7 129.410 782.282 613 40.538 1.783.770
World 3.952.025 30,3 1.375.829 7.724.998 75.779 365.666 13.418.518

Nota:
La cifra de Australia sobre la extensión de las otras tierras boscosas para el año 2005 es una estimación de FAO, y se basa en la suposición de que la superficie de las otras tierras boscosas ha sido constante desde el año 2000.
última actualización:  jueves 10 de noviembre de 2005