Publications

Where possible, you are encouraged to download the electronic files of the publications. Most of the files on this website have been prepared in PDF format for easy downloading and printing using the Acrobat Reader software. If you do not have Acrobat Reader installed on your computer, please visit the Adobe website to download the free reader software. Alternatively, if you require hard copies of any of the documents, please contact Patrick Durst, Senior Forestry Officer FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.

For other forestry publications distributed from the Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, please click here.

Edible insects in Lao PDR Building on tradition to enhance food security [more]
Forests and landslides The role of trees and forests in the prevention of landslides and rehabilitation of landslide-affected areas in Asia. Second edition. [more]
Invasive alien plants in the forests of Asia and the Pacific This book provides the first-ever collation of invasive alien plants threatening the forests of Asia-Pacific.It identifies the native region, current distributions, habitats, threats and damage associated with 111 species of invasive alien plants. Information on uses and methods of management are also provided. Each plant is illustrated with multiple colour photos and a map of its current geographic distribution. This publication can assist countries to investigate current and prospective pathways of invasions and plan ahead. [more]
Six-legged livestock Edible insect farming, collection and marketing in Thailand [more]
Guidelines for formulating national forest financing strategies This publication provides a set of guidelines for formulating national forest financing strategies to invigorate the forestry sector and enhance sustainable forest management. [more]
To increase forest farmers’ income and promote the rapid development of collective forest areas, China has implemented reforms of its collective forest tenure system since 2003. Supported by the government, various forms of forest farmer cooperative organizations have been established and have rapidly increased in number. This report collects and assesses good practices. [more]
South Asian forests and forestry to 2020 This report summarizes the key findings and results collated under the second Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study – a comprehensive effort spanning nearly four years and involving all the member countries of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission. Based on seven country outlook reports and numerous thematic studies, the report provides an assessment of developments in the South Asian forestry sector, linking it with larger societal changes. The publication analyses the key factors driving developments in the sector, scenarios that may unfold and how forests and forestry are likely to evolve to the year 2020. The report also outlines priorities and strategies to enhance forestry’s contribution to societal well-being. [more]
Asia-Pacific Forestry Week. New challenges - New opportunities More than 1000 participants from governments, non-government organizations, research institutions, regional and international networks, UN agencies, universities and colleges met to discuss forestry issues around the theme of “new challenges – new opportunities”. This publication covers the wide range of events held during Forestry Week and bears testament to the diversity of forestry activities in the region. [more]
Report of the twenty-fourth session of the APFC This publication reports the proceedings of the twenty-fourth session of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission held in Beijing, China from 7 to 11 November 2011. The session considered the state of forestry in the region including new challenges and opportunities, governance challenges and their impacts on forests and improvement in forest governance, the future of forestry in Asia and the Pacific to 2020, defining the role of the forestry sector in the emerging "green economy" concept, climate change adaptation and ecosystem resilience, and responding to the demands in fire management, among others. The document provides a summary of the recommendations made by the session, as well as regional issues identified by the Commission for the attention of the FAO Committee on Forestry [more]
Forests and climate change after Durban In February 2012, RECOFTC, FAO, and CoDe REDD, with support from GIZ-BMU, REDD-net, NORAD, ASFN, and SDC, brought together 13 climate change and forestry experts in Quezon City, Philippines, to discuss the implications on the forestry sector in the Asia-Pacific region of decisions taken at COP 17, held in Durban, South Africa, in November and December 2011. This booklet summarizes their responses to a set of 13 key questions raised at the workshop. [more]
Forests and climate change after Cancun The United Nations climate change talks in Cancun changed the shape of REDD+ negotiations and global forest policies. What effect will the decisions from the talks have on forests and forest users in Asia and the Pacific? Eleven climate change and forestry experts gathered to reflect on these issues, and this booklet summarizes their responses to 12 key questions. [more]
Forests and forestry in the Greater Mekong Subregion to 2020 This subregional report for the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) summarizes the key findings and results collated under the second Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study – a comprehensive effort spanning nearly four years and involving all member countries of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission. The current report synthesizes observations and findings from five GMS country reports, numerous thematic reports and a wide ranging review of current and past publications in providing analyses of the status and trends of forests and forestry in the GMS. [more]
Pacific forests and forestry to 2020 The report provides an invaluable compendium of information and analysis on the current forestry situation in the Pacific subregion and like future development. Working from a baseline assessment, key drives of change in forestry are identified and their future impacts assessed; potential future scenarios are also developed. The report culminates in a description of the likely situation in 2020 and identification of priorities and strategies to steer the sector towards more favourable outcomes. [more]
Southeast Asian forests and forestry to 2020 The current report synthesizes observations and findings form eight Southeast Asian country reports, numerous thematic reports and a wide ranging review of current and past publications in providing analyses of the status and trends of forests and forestry in Southeast Asia. The publication analyses key factors driving changes in forestry in the region and sets out four scenarios for 2020: Hard times, Slow and steady, Overburn and Living on the edge . [more]
Growing green assets: Removing constraints to private sector investment in forestry in Asia and the Pacific The prospects for attracting increased investments in forestry may never have been higher. So why isn't more private sector investment being made in forestry in the Asia-Pacific region, especially in developing countries? Why is it that investors continue to favour North America, Australia, New Zealand, Latin America and the European Union in their forestry investment decisions? And why are domestic investors in Asia and the Pacific largely avoiding the forestry sector?Through a series of nine country case studies and regional analysis, this publication presents answers to these questions and provides guidance to policy-makers on approaches and priorities for removing key impediments and streamlining forestry investment in the region. [more]
East Asian forests and forestry to 2020 This subregional report for East Asia summarizes the key findings and results collated under the second Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study - a comprehensive effort spanning nearly four years and involving all member countries of Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission. The current report synthesizes observations and findings from four East Asian country reports, numerous thematic reports and a review of current and past publications in providing analyses of the status and trends of forests and forestry in East Asia. [more]
Report of the twenty-third session of the APFC The 23rd Session of the APFC was held in Thimphu, Bhutan, 9-11 June 2010. The report outlines agenda items discussed and recommendations stemming from the meeting. [more]
Forest policies, legislation and institutions in Asia and the Pacific: Trends and emerging needs for 2020 This report reviews the status and trends in forestry policy, legislation and institutions in 12 countries and outlines the extent to which changes in these areas have been effective in supporting transitions towards sustainable forest management. [more]
Edible Forest Insects Forest insects as food: humans bite back. Proceedings of a workshop on Asia-Pacific resources and their potential for development. February 2008, Chiang Mai, Thailand [more]
Asia-Pacific forests and forestry to 2020: Asia-Pacific forestry sector outlook study This publication synthesizes observations and findings from almost 50 country and thematic reports in providing analyses of the status and trends of all aspects of Asia-Pacific forestry. Key factors driving changes in forestry in the region are analysed. The report concludes by outlining priorities and strategies to move the region's forestry sector onto a more sustainable footing and to provide continued benefits to future generations. [more]
Forests and climate change after Copenhagen: an Asia-Pacific perspective Twelve regional and international experts answer questions on the outcomes of COP15 climate change negotiations for people, forests and forestry in the Asia-Pacific region. Published in collaboration with RECOFTC - The Center for People and Forests, this report is the outcome of a meeting held in February 2010. [more]
Asia-Pacific Forestry Week: Forestry in a changing world The first-ever Asia-Pacific Forestry Week, convened in Hanoi, Viet Nam from 21 to 26 April 2008, was a landmark event bringing together a diverse cross-section of voices and stakeholders from the Asia-Pacific forestry sector. This resulting publication is a testimony to the varied voices, perspectives and insights that emerged over the week. [more]
Forest faces: Hopes and regrets in Philippine forestry Stories are a primary means through which we gain understanding. This publication provides an evocative re-telling of personal experiences and reflections enabling better comprehension of the struggles, dramas and tragedies associated with the changes and loss of Philippine forests. [more]
Report of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission 22nd Session This publication reports the proceedings of the twenty-second session of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission held in Hanoi, Viet Nam from 21 to 25 April 2008. The Commission considered the changing roles of forestry agencies and the challenges confronting forestry in a changing world. Special sessions were held on (i) the social dimensions of forests and forestry, (ii) forests and climate change and (iii) trade, forest law compliance and governance. The document provides a summary of the recommendations made by the Commission session, as well as regional issues identified by the Commission for the attention of the FAO Committee on Forestry. [more]
Re-inventing forestry agencies: Experiences of institutional restructuring in Asia and the Pacific Reinventing forestry institutions is fraught with perils and pitfalls, targets and intents, but all institutions must travel this path if they are to remain relevant in the flux and flow of the modern world. With new prescriptions for conservation and wider changes in society and its demands on forests, the institutions responsible for forest management must compete with and complement other sectoral interests to prove their worth to society. Experiences of reinvention from nine forestry institutions in eight countries are included - China, India, Malaysia, Nepal, New Zealand, the Philippines, the United States of America and Viet Nam. The breadth of experience in restructuring these and other forestry institutions is summarized in additional papers. [more]
The future of forests in Asia and the Pacific: Outlook for 2020 The "Future of Forests" conference proceedings, Thailand October 2007. Issues addressed include land-use dynamics and underlying forestry trends, key drivers of change in forestry, shifts in forest policies and institutions, efforts to balance social, environmental and economic functions of forestry, globalization and national outlooks, and civil society and private sector perspectives on forestry. [more]
Reaching consensus: multi-stakeholder processes in forestry - experiences from the Asia-Pacific region For forest management to be successful in today's world, mechanisms must be established to ensure effective participation of diverse stakeholders in decision-making processes. This publication is intended to further increase the knowledge and understanding of multi-stakeholder processes in forestry in the Asia-Pacific region, leading to more rapid adoption of multi-stakeholder processes that are truly effective in delivering the diverse benefits of forests to society in a balanced and equitable manner. [more]
Developing an Asia-Pacific strategy for forest invasive species: The coconut beetle problem – bridging agriculture and forestry Report of the Asia-Pacific Forest Invasive Species Network Workshop 22–25 February 2005, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam [more]
A Cut for the Poor Proceedings of the International Conference on Managing Forests for Poverty Reduction: Capturing Opportunities in Forest Harvesting and Wood Processing for the Benefit of the Poor. Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam 3-6 October 2006 [more]
Assessing progress in developing and implementing codes of practice for forest harvesting in ASEAN member countries A decade ago, member countries of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission (APFC) expressed their commitment to sustainable forest management and decided collectively to develop a regional code of practice for forest harvesting. Ten years later, the ASEAN Secretariat and FAO set out to assess whether the development of the regional code (published in 1999) and subsequent national codes have made a tangible difference in the way forest harvesting is conducted in ASEAN member countries. The results of the review are presented in this report. [more]
Report of the Twenty-first Session of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission This publication reports the proceedings of the APFC session held in Dehradun, India from 17 to 21 April 2006. [more]
In Search of Excellence: Exemplary Forest Management in Asia and the Pacific This publication reflects the outcome of an ambitious initiative to identify instances of exemplary forest management in the region and examine the core components of such management. By illustrating good forest management practices to a wide audience, others are encouraged to take up some of the most promising ideas, methods and approaches. More than 170 nominations were received from 21 countries in the region. Twenty-eight case studies were selected. Each tells a compelling story of innovations in meeting management challenges and of initiatives that might provide learning experiences for other forest managers [more]
 What does it take? The role of incentives in forest plantation development in Asia and the Pacific Over the past two decades, political developments as well as macro-economic and extra-sectoral policies have affected the forests of Asia and the Pacific to an unprecedented extent, resulting in deforestation and forest degradation. Responding to the diminishing capacity of the region's natural forests to produce timber, many countries have turned to forest plantations. Governments and their respective forest agencies are asking what it takes to encourage non-government entities to grow trees. Yet little is known about the role that direct and indirect incentives have in influencing plantation development. This publication helps fill this knowledge gap by examining how incentives influence plantation development through a series of country case studies in the region. [more]
RILSIM Software for financial analysis of reduced-impact logging systems RILSIM ( R educed- I mpact L ogging SIM ulator) is a software package that facilitates the financial analysis of alternative logging systems. It enables forest operators to compare logging costs based on local conditions, wages, equipment costs, production rates, prices and other factors. It has been designed as a teaching tool, with a help system that describes the principles of financial analysis and guides users through each stage of the simulation. RILSIM is available free of charge [more]
Report of Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission Twentieth session The 20th session of APFC was held 19-23 April 2004, in Nadi, Fiji. [more]
State of forestry in Asia and the Pacific 2003 – status, changes and trends The Asia-Pacific region is characterized by diversity and rapid change. These attributes are reflected in the forestry sector, where the rapid evolution of social, economic and environmental issues means policies, legislation, institutions and the broad forestry community are being challenged to cope with constantly shifting goals and expectations. This publication provides a broad status report and overview of developments in forestry in the region during the past several years. It has been prepared to inform and update policy makers, forestry officials and others interested in recent developments in the region's forestry sector. [more]
 Practical guidelines for the assessment, monitoring and reporting on national level criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management in dry forests in Asia This practical guide for the assessment, monitoring and reporting on national criteria and indicators for dry forests in Asia is a comprehensive instruction book on the process of collecting and assembling national level information and reporting. In addition, the guide describes an overall format for reporting the progress made towards sustainable management of dry forests and the provisions that need to be in place in order to ensure successful implementation of the assessment system. [more]
The unwelcome guests Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Forest Invasive Species Conference Kunming, Yunnan Province, China 17 - 23 August 2003 [more]
Report of the Nineteenth Session of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, 26-30 August 2002 [more]
Applying Reduced Impact Logging to Advance Sustainable Forest Management Reduced impact logging (RIL) is a key component of improved forest management. Its implementation is largely contingent on satisfying economic and institutional concerns. In tropical forests, RIL has been tested and applied on a small scale for more than a decade. Yet, many questions remain and the lack of sound and appropriate information continues to impede the widespread application of RIL. This publication helps fill that critical information gap. It includes a wealth of information that was presented during the International Conference on the application of reduced impact logging to advance sustainable forest management, held 26 February to 1 March 2001, in Kuching, Malaysia. [more]
Trash or treasure? Logging and mill residues in Asia and the Pacific Timber harvesting and wood processing in the Asia-Pacific region generate huge volumes of residues—often referred to simply as " wastes. " Little is known about the actual quantities of residues that are produced, or the volumes that could be used productively and cost-effectively. "Trash or treasure" does not claim to provide the definitive answer to this question, however, it offers insights into the magnitude of residues that are generated and could potentially be used for productive purposes. It also recommends ways to reduce unnecessary logging and mill residues, and suggests approaches to encourage better use of those residues that cannot be avoided. [more]
Regional training strategy: supporting the implementation of the code of practice for forest harvesting in Asia-Pacific An important milestone was reached with the development of the Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific, which encourages environmentally-sound forest harvesting. Although the need for change has been accepted widely, putting the Code into practice is constrained by a number of factors. Perhaps the most critical of these is the lack of skilled and properly trained industry and forest agency personnel. The Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission has prepared the Regional Training Strategy to help address this impediment. [more]
Forests Out of Bounds: Impacts and Effectiveness of Logging Bans in Natural Forests in Asia-Pacific As concern over the fate of natural forests grows, many decision makers are seeking effective means of conserving these precious remaining resources. Several Asia-Pacific countries have declared their natural forests “off limits” or “out of bounds” to logging companies by imposing logging bans or other restrictions on timber production. These policies have effectively closed legal timber harvest operations in many areas. But have they actually succeeded in achieving the forest conservation objectives that were intended? And what have the social and economic costs of these policies been? In an attempt to answer these crucial questions, this publication presents the results of a two-year study conducted under the auspices of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission to assess the effectiveness and impacts of logging bans and other timber harvesting restrictions in Asia and the Pacific. [more]
Development of National-Level Criteria and Indicators for the Sustainable Management of Dry Forests of Asia: Background Papers This report contains a compilation of background papers for the 30 November - 3 December 1999 workshop, which was organized in the Indian city of Bhopal by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), the USDA Forest Service and the Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM). Besides the presentations by experts from FAO, ITTO, IIFM and the Chinese Academy of Forestry, the publication includes summaries of sustainable forest management programmes in Bhutan, China, India, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand. [more]
With financial and technical support from the Government of Australia, the APFC has completed a regional strategy for implementing the Code of Practice for Forest Harvesting in Asia-Pacific. [more]
Noosaville, Queensland, Australia 15 - 19 May 2000 [more]
Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission: The First Fifty Years This publication commemorates the 50th anniversary of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission (APFC) by providing a full account of the Commission's evolution. The APFC held its inaugural session in Bangkok in 1950. Since then, its original membership has grown from 12 to 30 countries, making it the region's largest and most inclusive intergovernmental body in the field of forestry. [more]
Decentralization and Devolution of Forest Management in Asia and the Pacific Governments throughout Asia and the Pacific are creating exciting and innovative opportunities for achieving sustainable forest management and biodiversity conservation by decentralizing authority and responsibility for resource management. The trend to decentralize is driven by a range of factors, including efforts to reduce central bureaucracies and cut budgets, a history of government forest management failures, increased economic liberalization and market orientation, and growing commitment to more equitable forest management. While the decentralization trends are very promising, many programs have encountered major challenges, disappointments and setbacks. To explore the issues and challenges facing various decentralization and devolution initiatives, the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, the Regional Community Forestry Training Center and the Philippines Department of Environment and Natural Resources/Forest Management Bureau jointly organized an International Seminar on Decentralization and Devolution of Forest Management in Asia and the Pacific in Davao, Philippines, in December 1998. This publication is based on the papers, discussions, and recommendations of the seminar. [more]
Code of practice for forest harvesting in Asia-Pacific The Code of Practice is a useful reference for foresters, policy makers and industry leaders. Rich in diagrams and sample documents, it provides guidance on important aspects of forest harvesting. [more]
Asia-Pacific Forestry Towards 2010: Report of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study In January 1996, the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission initiated an outlook study for forestry with a time horizon of 2010. The study was coordinated by FAO and implemented in close partnership with governments and non-governmental organizations in the region. The study looked at the main external and sectorial developments in policies, programs and institutions that will affect the forestry sector, and the likely directions of the sector's evolution to the year 2010. The main output of the study is a comprehensive, 240-page report. It describes the social and economic context in which the forestry sector in the region operates. It lays out the sector status and trends in demands placed on forests; forest resources and land use; trade; people and forests; policies and institutions: and it provides an outlook of the likely main developments in these spheres and the implications and choices these present. [more]