Multilateral organizations

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was initially envisioned as a means of bringing together all the countries of Southeast Asia to cooperate in securing the region's peace, stability and development. Since 1999 ASEAN has encompassed all ten countries of Southeast Asia. It has also evolved into one of the most influential regional associations in the world. ASEAN is now embracing a new vision of itself as 'a concert of Southeast Asian nations, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies.'ASEAN's forestry programme includes the development of guidelines for Criteria and Indicators, trade harmonization and promotion through the ASEAN Forest Product Industry Club (AFPIC), and work on forest fires and haze.

Asian Development Bank (ADB)
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a multilateral development finance institution dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific. Established in 1966, ADB is now owned by 59 members, mostly from Asia.

Fire Globe - The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC)
The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) is an activity under the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR). The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) monitors, forecasts and archives information on vegetation fires (forest fires, land-use fires, smoke pollution) at global level. With this information decision makers at national and international levels are supported in evaluating fire situations or precursors of fire which potentially endanger humans or may negatively affect the environment.

Global Observation of Forest Cover (GOFC)
Global Observation of Forest Cover (GOFC) is a coordinated international effort working to provide ongoing space-based and in-situ observations of forests and other vegetation cover, for the sustainable management of terrestrial resources and to obtain an accurate, reliable, quantitative understanding of the terrestrial carbon budget. GOFC's overall objective is to improve the quality and availability of observations of forests at regional and global scales and to produce useful, timely and validated information products from these data for a wide variety of users.

International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO)
The International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) was created by treaty in 1983. Its headquarters was established in Yokohama, Japan, in late 1986. ITTO is a commodity organization that brings together countries which produce and consume tropical timber. ITTO facilitates discussion, consultation and international cooperation on issues relating to the international trade and utilization of tropical timber and the sustainable management of its resource base. The ITTO member countries represent about 95 percent of the world trade in tropical timber and 75 percent of the world's tropical forests.

International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI)
IPGRI is an international research institute with a mandate to advance the conservation and use of genetic diversity for the well-being of present and future generations. It is a Center of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). IPGRI's vision is that through the collective, concerted action of farmers, forest dwellers, pastoralists, scientists, development workers and political leaders, the full potential of the Earth's plant genetic diversity will be harnessed to eradicate poverty, achieve food security and protect the environment for the benefit of present and future generations.

Mekong River Commission (MRC)
The mission of the Mekong River Commission (MRC) is to promote and co-ordinate sustainable management and development of water and related resources for the member countries' mutual benefit and the people's well-being by implementing strategic programs and activities and providing scientific information and policy advice. MRC was established on 5 April 1995. Member countries include Cambodia, Lao PDR PDR, Thailand and Vietnam. Furthermore, MRC maintains a regular dialogue with the two upper states of the Mekong River Basin, China and Myanmar. The MRC member countries agreed to cooperate in all fields of sustainable development, utilization, management and conservation of the water and related resources of the Mekong River Basin, such as navigation, flood control, fisheries, agriculture, hydropower and environmental protection.

Program on Forests (PROFOR)
PROFOR is a multi-donor partnership formed to pursue a shared goal of enhancing forests' contribution to poverty reduction, sustainable development and protection of environmental services. Through improved knowledge and approaches for sustainable forest management (SFM), PROFOR seeks to encourage the transition to a more socially and environmentally sustainable forest sector supported by sound policies and institutions that take a holistic approach to forest conservation and management.

South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
The South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) is a regional organisation established by the governments and administrations of the Pacific region to look after its environment. SPREP's mission is to promote cooperation in the South Pacific region and to provide assistance in order to protect and improve its environment and to ensure sustainable development for present and future generations.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN's principal provider of development advice, advocacy and grant support. Its focus is on providing developing countries with knowledge-based consulting services and building national, regional and global coalitions for change. UNDP has specialized expertise in democratic governance; poverty reduction; energy and environment; peace-building and disaster mitigation; HIV/AIDS; and information and communications technology. UNDP has 132 country offices.

United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF)
In October 2000, the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC), established the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF), a subsidiary body with the main objective to promote ¿¿ the management, conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests and to strengthen long-term political commitment to this end¿¿based on the Rio Declaration, the Forest Principles, Chapter 11 of Agenda 21 and the outcome of the IPF/IFF Processes and other key milestones of international forest policy. The UNFF succeeded a five-year period (1995-2000) of forest policy dialogue facilitated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (IPF) and the Intergovernmental Forum on Forests (IFF), or the IPF and IFF processes. As an intergovernmental policy forum, the UNFF is composed of all States Members of the United Nations and specialized agencies and meets in annual sessions.

United Nations Secretariat of the Convention to Combat Desertification The Permanent Secretariat for the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) was established by the United Nations General Assembly to assist the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INCD) in the negotiation of the Convention and preparing for the sessions of the Conference of the Parties (COP). Since January 1999, the Secretariat is located in Bonn, Germany.

World Bank
The World Bank is the world's largest source of development assistance, providing nearly 16 billion US dollars in loans annually to its client countries. It uses its financial resources, highly trained staff, and extensive knowledge base to help each developing country onto a path of stable, sustainable, and equitable growth in the fight against poverty. The Bank also maintains thematic Web sites related to environment protection, biodiversity conservation and forest policy providing access to information about relevant World Bank policies and guidelines, projects, and publications. The links are as follows:

World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development
Following the Earth Summit in 1992 it was agreed that solutions to forest degradation are likely to be more political than technical. Accordingly, the InterAction Council, a group of some 30 former heads of Government and State, decided to establish an independent commission to (1) increase awareness of the dual function of world forests in preserving the natural environment and contributing to economic development; (2) broaden the consensus on the data, science and policy aspects of forest conservation and management; and (3) build confidence between North and South on forest matters with emphasis on international cooperation. Through a series of regional hearings based on Brundtland Commission lines, the World Commission on Forests and Sustainable Development (WCFSD) intends to consult with various stakeholder groups. It will seek to achieve policy reforms aimed at reconciling economic and environmental objectives for sustainable management of global forests.

World Trade Organization (WTO)
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is a global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world¿s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The Organization's goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business. It does this by: administering trade agreements; acting as a forum for trade negotiations; settling trade disputes; reviewing national trade policies; assisting developing countries in trade policy issues, through technical assistance and training programs; and cooperating with other international organizations.