Fora, international programs and major campaigns
Biodiversity Support Program (BSP)
The Biodiversity Support Program (BSP) is a consortium of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the Nature Conservancy (TNC), and the World Resources Institute (WRI). BSP is funded through a cooperative agreement between WWF, the lead consortium institution, and The United States Agency for International Development (USAID). BSP is governed by an Executive Committee comprising representatives of the three consortium partners and managed by a professional staff unit within WWF. BSP's mission is to promote conservation of the world's biological diversity, believing that a healthy and secure living resource base is essential to meeting the needs and aspirations of future generations. BSP carries out its mission by supporting projects that combine conservation with social and economic development, research and analysis of conservation approaches, and information exchange and outreach.
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is a far-reaching agreement that has been ratified by most countries and the European Community. This nearly universal participation of governments, its comprehensive mandate and the possibilities of access it provides to financial, scientific and technological resources, have enabled the Convention to begin transforming the international community's approach to biodiversity. The Convention's objectives are 'the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.' The Convention is thus the first global, comprehensive agreement to address all aspects of biological diversity: genetic resources, species, and ecosystems. It recognizes - for the first time - that the conservation of biological diversity is 'a common concern of humankind' and an integral part of the development process.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
CITES is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Annually, the international wildlife trade is estimated to be worth billions of dollars and to include hundreds of millions of plant and animal specimens. The trade is diverse, ranging from live animals and plants to a vast array of products derived from them, including food products, wooden musical instruments, timber, and tourist curios. Thus, the existence of an agreement to ensure the sustainability of the trade is important in order to safeguard these resources for the future. CITES accords varying degrees of protection to more than 30,000 species of animals and plants
Forest Conservation Program (FCP) of the World Conservation Union IUCN (IUCN)
The goal of the Forest Conservation Program (FCP) of the World Conservation Union IUCN (IUCN) is the maintenance and, where necessary, restoration of forest ecosystems to promote conservation and sustainable management of forests, and equitable distribution of a wide range of forest goods and services.
Forest Garden Program
In October 1997, through a collaboration between the NeoSynthesis Research Center (Mirahawatte, Sri Lanka), Counterpart International, Inc. (Washington, D.C., USA), and Counterpart Philippines (Cebu City, Philippines), the Forest Garden Initiative was launched. Supported by a five-year matching grant from the United States Agency for International Development, this program is developing and perfecting a flexible model silvicultural system that fosters the restoration of degraded land through the development of family-owned forest gardens by rural agriculturalists around the world. The Forest Garden Initiative offers farmers a new organic and environmentally-friendly farming system that increases their income while at the same time encouraging development of permaculture plantings that increase green canopy cover, promote biodiversity, and reduce local erosion.
Forests for Life Campaign of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Forests for Life is an integrated approach to forest conservation through campaigning, fieldwork, policy and partnerships.
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) brings together 176 member governments, leading development institutions, the scientific community, and a wide spectrum of private sector and non-governmental organizations on behalf of a common global environmental agenda. GEF was established to forge international cooperation and finance actions to address four critical threats to the global environment: biodiversity loss, climate change, degradation of international waters, and ozone depletion. Related work to stem the pervasive problem of land degradation is also eligible for GEF funding. Launched in 1991 as an experimental facility, GEF was restructured after the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro to serve the environmental interests of people in all parts of the world. The facility that emerged after restructuring was more strategic, effective, transparent, and participatory. In 1994, 34 nations pledged $2 billion in support of GEF's mission; in 1998, 36 nations pledged $2.75 billion to protect the global environment and promote sustainable development.
Pacific Islands Regional Forestry Program
The objective of the Pacific Islands Regional Forestry Program is to provide information and coordination for institutions and organizations working in forestry in the Pacific Islands.
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
The Convention on Wetlands, signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. There are presently 127 Contracting Parties to the Convention, with 1085 wetland sites, totaling 82.2 million hectares, designated for inclusion in the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance. The Ramsar web site constitutes a comprehensive coverage of wetlands issues, including those relating to forestry.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was opened for signature at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on 4 June 1992, and came into force on 21 March 1994. As of January 2001, 181 governments and the European Community are Parties to the Convention. Parties meet regularly at the annual Conference of the Parties (COP) to review the implementation of the Convention and continue talks on how best to tackle climate change. The Convention sets an 'ultimate objective' of stabilizing atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at safe levels. Such levels, which the Convention does not quantify, should be achieved within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner. To achieve this objective, all countries have a general commitment to address climate change, adapt to its effects, and report on the action they are taking to implement the Convention.
World Heritage Information Network
The World Heritage Information Network is a clearing-house for information about the natural and cultural sites identified as being of 'outstanding universal value' and inscribed on the World Heritage List by the Intergovernmental World Heritage Committee. This list is established as part of the international implementation of the World Heritage Convention.