Research and academic institutions and networks

Asia Pacific Association of Forestry Research Institutions (APAFRI)
The Asia Pacific Association of Forestry Research Institutions (APAFRI) is an independent non-profit body, which aims to enhance research and technology development capabilities in support of conservation and management of forest resources in Asia-Pacific. The establishment of APAFRI was prompted by the need to provide a viable institutional framework for regional forestry research collaboration. The Secretariat of the Association was initially based at FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific in Bangkok. Following the decision of the First General Assembly of the Association held at Ho-Chi-Minh City in March 1997, the Secretariat has been shifted to the Faculty of Forestry, University Putra Malaysia (UPM), Selangor, Malaysia.

Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law (APCEL)
The Asia-Pacific Centre for Environmental Law was established in 1996 by the Faculty of Law, National University of Singapore on the initiative of the Faculty of Law and the Commission on Environmental Law (CEL) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). APCEL was established in response to the need for capacity building in environmental legal education and the need for promotion of awareness in environmental issues. It is currently working closely with IUCN's Commission on Environmental Law, UNEP, the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank Institute, the Singapore Ministry of the Environment, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other institutions in several projects and programs.

The Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN)
The Asia-Pacific Network for Global Change Research (APN) is an inter-governmental network whose primary purposes are to foster global environmental change research in the Asia-Pacific region, increase developing country participation in that research, and to strengthen links between the science community and policy makers. It promotes, encourages and supports research activities on long-term global changes in climate, ocean and terrestrial systems, and on related physical, chemical, biological and socio-economic processes.

Center for International Forestry Research CIFOR)
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is a global knowledge organization committed to enhancing the benefits of forests for people in the tropics. CIFOR was established under the CGIAR system in response to global concerns about the social, environmental and economic consequences of loss and degradation of forests. It operates through a series of highly decentralized partnerships with key institutions and/or individuals throughout the developing and industrialized worlds. CIFOR's Mission is to contribute to the sustained well being of people in developing countries, particularly in the tropics, through collaborative strategic and applied research and related activities in forest systems and forestry, and by promoting the transfer of appropriate new technologies and the adoption of new methods of social organization, for national development. CIFOR's major objectives are (1) to improve the scientific basis for ensuring the balanced management of forests and forest lands; (2) to develop policies and technologies for sustainable use and management of forest goods and services; and (3) to strengthen national capacities for research to support the development of policies and technologies for the optimal use of forests and forest lands.

Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE)
Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE) is a civil, non-profit, international organization that acts on regionally with both scientific and educational goals. Headquarters are located in Turrialba, Costa Rica approximately 70 km from the capital city of San Jose. CATIE's mission is to improve the well-being of humanity through scientific research and postgraduate education applied to the development, conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. The philosophy that permeates all of CATIE's actions is 'Produce while Conserving and Conserve while Producing.' This means that scientific, technological and training activities are balanced with production activities that promote environmental conservation while producing goods and services that improve the quality of life the world over.

Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA)
Established in 1993, EEPSEA supports training and research in environmental & resource economics. It uses a networking approach to provide financial and technical support to researchers in its ten member countries. The network meets in May and November of each year.

European Forest Institute (EFI)
The mission of the European Forest Institute (EFI) is to promote, conduct and cooperate in research of forests, forestry and forest products at the pan-European level and to make the results of the research known to all interested parties, notably in the areas of policy formulation and implementation, in order to promote the conservation and sustainable management of forests in Europe.

European Tropical Forest Research Network (ETFRN)
Established in 1991, the European Tropical Forest Research Network (ETFRN) is a forum for communication between European organizations, researchers, EU institutions and others concerned with tropical and sub-tropical forest research. The Network seeks to promote the involvement of European research expertise towards the conservation and wise use of forests and woodlands in tropical and subtropical countries. ETFRN has members in 16 European countries, including Norway, Switzerland, and all European Union member states, except Luxembourg. The Network aims to be a European focal point for information exchange and debate on tropical forest research activities at international level. ETFRN maintains relations with international organizations such as FAO, IUFRO and CIFOR, and interacts with other regional networks. Not least, ETFRN is part of the worldwide Forestry Research Information Network.

Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)
The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) is an independent, non-profit organization promoting sustainable patterns of world development through collaborative research, policy studies, networking and knowledge dissemination. IIED works to address global issues such as mining, the paper industry and food systems. IIED aims to provide expertise and leadership in researching and achieving sustainable development at local, national, regional and global levels. In alliance with others IIED seeks to help shape a future that ends global poverty and delivers and sustains efficient and equitable management of the world's natural resources.

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)
The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies conducts education, public policy, and research studies designed to improve understanding of and response to global environmental issues and related mitigation strategies. The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies was founded to provide policy analysis, research, strategic planning, training, and educational material development in support of the Earth sciences and related issues. The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies is an international, non-profit organization supported by public and private entities.

Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit
The Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit's mission is to provide accurate information on changes in the world's vegetation cover as needed for European Union policy in the areas of environment, development and external affairs. The focus is provision of information and methodologies that support the implementation of international environmental treaties and conventions (such as the Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Convention to Combat Desertification and the Convention on Biological Diversity) and to support the EU's aid and development programs. To meet this objective, the Global Vegetation Monitoring Unit has an in-house research program and has established a network of partners around the globe. The Unit's staff also participates in international forums such as the Global Observations of Forest Cover project and instrument science teams established by Space Agencies.

Global Changes Impacts Center for Southeast Asia (IC-SEA)
The Impacts Center for Southeast Asia (IC-SEA) is a non-profit international center established to assess the impacts of global changes, and their implications for the sustainable management of terrestrial ecosystems. The objective of IC-SEA is to assist scientists in the Southeast Asian region to build their own capacity in assessing the impacts of global change on terrestrial ecosystems, including agriculture, production forestry and nature reserve systems.

International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)
The International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) was established in 1981 based upon an agreement between His Majesty's Government of Nepal and UNESCO signed in 1981. The primary objectives of ICIMOD are to help promote the development of an economically and environmentally sound mountain ecosystem and to improve the living standards of mountain populations, especially in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region. In pursuing its mandate, ICIMOD works mainly at the interface between research and development and acts as a facilitator for generating new mountain-specific knowledge of relevance to mountain development. At the same time, ICIMOD attempts to ensure that new knowledge is shared among all relevant institutions, organizations, and individuals in the region. ICIMOD's functions as a multidisciplinary documentation and information center on integrated mountain development; a focal point for the mobilization, conduct, and co-ordination of applied and problem-solving research activities; a focal point for training on integrated mountain development with special emphasis on the development of relevant training materials for the training of trainers; and a consultative center to provide expert services on mountain development and resource management to the HKH countries.

World Agroforestry Centre
The International Center for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), established in Nairobi in 1977, is an autonomous, non-profit research body supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). ICRAF aims to improve human welfare by alleviating poverty, improving food and nutritional security, and enhancing environmental resilience in the tropics. ICRAF conducts strategic and applied research, in partnership with national agricultural research systems, for more sustainable and productive land use. It has five research and development themes: (1) diversification and intensification of land use through domestication of agroforestry trees; (2) soil fertility replenishment in nutrient-depleted lands with agroforestry and other nutrient inputs; (3) socioeconomic and policy research to allow policies that will benefit smallholder farmers; (4) acceleration of impact on farm by ensuring that research results are used; and (5) capacity and institutional strengthening through training and dissemination of information.

World Agroforestry Center in Southeast Asia
The International Center for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) initiated its Southeast Asian Regional Research Program in 1992. Headquartered in Bogor, Indonesia, the Program is developing alternatives to unsustainable slash-and-burn agriculture and ways to rehabilitate degraded land. In Southeast Asia, ICRAF's major target ecosystems include forest margins or zones of current forest conversion, imperata grasslands, and hill slopes.

International Development Research Center (IDRC)
The International Development Research Center (IDRC) is a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada to help researchers and communities in the developing world find solutions to their social, economic, and environmental problems. IDRC connects people, institutions, and ideas to ensure that the results of the research it supports and the knowledge that research generates, are shared equitably among all its partners in North and South. The Center has a flexible corporate structure that allows multidisciplinary, multicultural teams to focus the Center's energies on key development problems. Through its program of research support, IDRC has spawned several international secretariats and forged important strategic alliances that extend the reach and the impact of Center-supported research. IDRC`s experience and its particular set of competencies have reinforced its reputation as an adaptable organization capable of responding effectively to global development problems.

International Model Forest Network
IDRC hosts the site for the International Model Forest Network. The IMFN site is designed to help increase awareness of and interest in the activities of IMFN members. The site publishes a series of profiles on model forests around the world, as well as articles highlighting successes; sharing information, knowledge, and expertise; or discussing issues of concern. The aims are: to provide a space for model forests to broadcast their accomplishments, needs, and views; to ensure that the lessons learned by model forests are available to the widest possible audience; to communicate a positive, comprehensive, informative and inspiring picture of the international network to network members and friends, as well as to a global audience; and to create a composite profile of the international network that can help us advertise our work to potential new partners and members, international policy makers, and current and prospective donors.

International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)
IUFRO is a non-governmental international organization open to organizations and individuals involved in forestry research. The mission of IUFRO is to promote international cooperation in forestry research and related sciences. IUFRO aspires to bring together scientific knowledge about all aspects of trees and forests through the cooperative efforts of its world-wide member research organizations and scientists. Through this means it seeks to promote the sustainable use of forest ecosystems to provide multiple benefits for local people and for society as a whole.

Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA)
Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) is an international program that aims to documenting information on plant resources of Southeast Asia. Its interdisciplinary approach covers the fields of agriculture, forestry, horticulture and botany. PROSEA is also conducting research promoting plant resources for sustainable land-use systems in the tropics. The Program is committed to the conservation of biodiversity and rural development through a diversified utilization of plant resources and application of farmers' knowledge.

Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific (RECOFTC)
The Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asia and the Pacific (RECOFTC) seeks to promote an effective role (expressed in terms of resource control and benefits) of local people, in and around forested landscapes, in the sustainable management of forests in Asia and the Pacific. The objectives of RECOFTC are to (1) build capacity in the region to develop and support community forestry, including capacity in training, education, research, policy development and program implementation; (2) collect, generate and share relevant knowledge, methods and approaches for community forestry development; and (3) support partnerships that strengthen local and national institutions to plan and implement community forestry activities.

Tropenbos Foundation
The Tropenbos Foundation was established in July 1988 in order to continue and expand the international Tropenbos Program, which was set up by the Netherlands government in 1986. The main objectives of the Foundation are (1) to contribute effectively to the conservation and wise use of tropical rain forests, by generating relevant knowledge, deepening insights and developing and testing methods for forest policy and management and (2) to involve local research institutions and to strengthen research capacity in tropical forest countries. Based on the needs of policy makers and forest users, the Tropenbos Foundation formulates, coordinates and finances objective-oriented research programs, most of which have extension and training components. Tropenbos also develops policy- and management-oriented research strategies on specific themes such as biodiversity, non-timber forest products and criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management.