Species identified as high, global, regional and/or national priority

Legend
Background information

North, northeast and central Asia including China, DPR Korea, India, Japan, Mongolia, and Republic of Korea (1999)

SPECIES End use of species Operations / Activities REMARKS
Exploration & collection Evaluation Conservation Germplasm use
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Abies pindrow *

* 2 3 3 3 2

3 India. Hybrid populations occurring
Acacia spp. * * * * 1 1
3 1 1 1 1 Used in Indian sub-continent by rural masses for sustenance and income generation. Exotic
Albizia spp. * *
* 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Alnus cremastogyne * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 Pioneer, fast growing
A. formosana * * * * 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1
A. japonica * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 China, Japan, Korea
A. nepalensis * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
A. mandshurica * * * * 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 Nitrogen fixing in cold regions
Azadirachta indica * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Used in Indian sub-continent by rural masses for sustenance and income generation. Exotic
Bamboo * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 2 Used in Indian sub-continent by rural masses for sustenance and income generation. Exotic
Bombax ceiba *
*
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Matchsticks
Boswella serrata * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 India. Overexploited.
Camellia oleifera


* 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 Valuable oil, Japan
Castanea mollissima * * * * 2 2 2 2 3 3 1 1 Nut, many varieties
Casuarina spp. * * * *
1
1
1 1 1 Used in Indian sub-continent by rural masses for sustenance and income generation. Exotic
Cedrus spp. *
* *

2 3 2 2 1

Chamaecyparis obtusa * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 PVT, SO in Japan
Cinnamomum camphora * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Over exploited
Cryptomeria japonica * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 PGT, SO in Japan
Cupressus duclouxiana * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
C. funebris * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
C. torulosa * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 India. Soil binding timber species for dry exposed sites.
Cunninghamia lanceolata * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
Dalbergia balsamae * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Used in Indian sub-continent by rural masses for sustenance and income generation. Exotic
D. sissoo * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 India, genetic variation
Dipterocarpus spp. *
* * 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
Eucalyptus spp. * * * *
1
1
1 1 1 Pulp. Exotic
Eucommia ulmoides * * * * 2 1
2 1 1 1 1 Monogenus. Endemic to China. (E). Chinese herbal medicine
Fokienia hodginsi * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1Endemic to China. Monogenus
Fraxinus mandshurica *
* * 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 PVT
Ginkgo biloba * * * * 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 Seed used for human food and for medicine
Gmelina spp. *
*
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Haloxylon ammondendron
* * * 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 Central Asia. Cold areas
Juglans mandshurica * * * * 2 2
2 2 2 1 1
J. regia * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Himalayas. Nuts
J. sigillata * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 Many cultivars
Ketaleeria pubescens * * * * 2 2 2 2 3 3 1 1 PVT. Fast growing, good timber species
Larix gmelini * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 PVT, SO
L. olgensis (syn. L. gmelini var. olgensis) * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Important for hybridization
L. potaninii * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 PVT, SO
L. sibirica * * * * 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 Work in progress. China
Madhuca spp. * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 3 3 Food and drinks
Mangifera spp. * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Timber and ornamental tree
Paulownia elongata *
* * 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 Work in progress. China
P. fortunei *
* * 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2
P. tomentosa *
* * 1 1 1 1 3 3 1 2
Phellodendron amurensis * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 Timber and medicine
Picea asperata * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
P. jezoensis * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 Breeding in China, Korea and Japan
P. koraiensis * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
P. meyeri * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Pinus spp. * * * * 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 Resin
P. caribaea var. caribaea * * * * 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 PVT, PGT in China
P. densiflora * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 PVT in Japan, S. Korea x P. massoniana
P. koraiensis * * * * 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 (E) in parts of range. Protected in China
P. massoniana * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 China, PVT, PGT, SO
P. sylvestris var. mongolica * * * * 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 China. PVT, PGT, SO
P. tabulaeformis * * * * 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 China. PVT, PGT, SO
P. yunnanensis *
* * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 PVT, PGT, SO
Populus spp. *
*
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Plywood. Exotic
P. deltoides *
* * 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 India
P. euphratica *
* * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 China. Dry areas
P. simonii *
* * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
P. tomentosa *
* * 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Endemic to China
Quercus mongolica * * * * 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 1
Q. variabilis * * * * 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
Salix matsudana * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
Santalum album *
* * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 India. Overexploited
Sapium sebiferum * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 China, MPTS
Sassafras tzumu * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 3 1 2
Shorea spp. * * * * 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 India, China
Syzygium cumini *
* * 1 1
2 1 1 3 1 India. High genetic variation, polyembryony chromosomal races
Taiwania cryptomerioides * * * * 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 (E), Taiwan, China
Terminalia spp. * * * * 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 India
Tilia amurensis * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
Toona microcarpa * * * * 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 MPTS
T. sinensis * * * * 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1
Tsuga chinensis * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
Ulmus parviflora * * * * 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2
Zelkova schneideriana * * * * 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 Breeding in Japan
last updated:  Thursday, July 12, 2007