Environmental applications of poplars and willows
The 2007 meeting was hosted by the Institut de Recherche en Biologie Végétale (IRBV) of the Montreal Botanic Gardens, Canada. In addition, the working party journeyed to the College of Environmental Science and Forestry of the State University of New York (SUNY ESF) in the USA. We would like to thank Michel Labrecque and his team in Montreal and Larry Smart and Tim Volk of SUNY ESF for arranging a superb event.
Working Party meeting 5th-8th June 2007, Montreal, Canada
Working Party meetings typically comprise of one day of presentations and posters followed by two or more days of field visits. The meetings are informal and discussion and debate are an important part of these gatherings. A lively group of around 45 people participated in this meeting. A total of 14 papers and 9 posters were presented on the first day of the meeting. Both the abstracts and the full presentations can be accessed from the list below.
The site visits during day 2 were to demonstrate how poplar and willow can be usefully brought into the urban environment, bringing about unanticipated benefits in addition to those for which they were established. The first site had been subject to a long history of industrial contamination and dereliction, but provided a buffer between residential areas and an industrial zone located in southwest Montreal. Contamination was widespread but relatively low level. Poplar and willow have been established to provide a visual barrier and to undertaken some remediation of heavy metals and organic contaminants. Local people were widely consulted during the development of the project and have adopted the plantation, removing litter and installing flower and vegetable boxes nearby. The area is now used for dog walking where previously it was avoided as an eyesore. Details of the site are in the Field Tour notes below.
The IRBV is working closely with community groups and municipal authorities to bring about immediate improvements in the urban environment while also conducting research trials that will yield data for application in new locations. A second example of this collaboration is the development of living wall sound barriers and riverside erosion control with the municipality of Boisbrand. IRBV is working with city staff to identify the best varieties of poplar and willow for different environmental uses and clonal trials form a large part of these activities. Varieties supplied by SUNY ESHF are also employed in these site\clone trials. No pesticides are employed within the CERVEAU (acronym used for the non profit organization created to take charge of these projects for the city of Boisbriand) project and trials using green manures and mechanical weeding are currently underway. Details of the living walls are contained in the field Tour notes below.
The city of Boisbrand has recently received an award from the Quebec Ministry of Municipal Affairs for their vision and commitment in developing the environmental project CERVEAU, which aims to counteract the problems caused by urban growth through employing natural alternatives, such as living wall sound barriers. The formal presentation of this award was made during lunch, which provided by the City for the IPC Working Party participants. WP6 would like to congratulate the city of Boisbrand on its award and to thank them for their generous provision of lunch.
The IPC WP6 would also like to thank the Montreal Botanic Gardens for hosting a Welcome Reception for the Working Party on the first evening of the event.
The second day of site visits involved travelling about 250 miles to New York State to visit trials being undertaken by SUNY ESF. The Solvey wastebeds are a huge area – some 220ha - of settling basins containing waste calcium chloride and sodium chloride from over 100 years of soda lime production. NaCl from the beds is continuous leaching from the site and ultimately into the neighbouring lake. Variety and organic waste amendment trials are being conducted to identify clones most suited to the harsh growing conditions and to try to reduce the drainage from the site through high evapotranspiration. Following the visit to the Solvey site trials, the group was given an extensive tour of the breeding and varietal selection trials at the Tully Genetics Field Station.
The final event of the meeting enjoyed by the participants before returning to Montreal was lunch at the Domaine de la Templerie, a national award winning farm restaurant where all the food served is organically produced on the farm.
Participants visiting an urban regeneration site with poplar and willow planted on heavy metal contaminated land, Montreal<p>Comparing the noise level on different sides of a willow sound barrier, Montreal<p>Discussing the willow variety and organic amendment trials on Solvay waste, SyracuseTaking a closer look at unamended Solvay waste, Syracuse<p>
Meeting DocumentsThe meeting documents comprise presentations, posters and field tour notes. A single document entitled ‘Montreal Field Tour notes and paper abstracts’ contains the paper and poster abstracts and the field tour notes for the Canadian sites. However, individual abstracts can also be accessed by clicking on "Abstract" under each paper title.
The presentation slides and posters are also available. Click on the options "Slides" or "Poster" under each paper title.
|A WILLOW BREEDING PROGRAMME FOR THE UK, PART OF THE BIOMASS FOR ENERGY GENETIC IMPROVEMENT NETWORK (BEGIN)|
|Ian Shield. Rothamsted Research, U.K.|
|POTENTIALS AND LIMITING FACTORS OF BIOMASS ENERGY: ESTONIAN EXPERIENCE OF SHORT ROTATION FORESTS>|
|Katrin Heinsoo. Estonian University of Life Sciences, Estonia|
|CARBON SEQUESTRATION IN SHORT ROTATION FORESTRY (SRF) AND TRADITIONAL POPLAR PLANTATION: THE JRC KYOTO EXPERIMENT|
|Terenzio Zenone. Department of Forest Science and Environment, University of Tuscia, Italy|
|EFFECT OF APPLYING SEWAGE SLUDGE TO SRC WILLOW|
|Alistair McCracken. Agri-Food & Biosciences Institute, Northern Ireland|
|SWEDISH EXPERIENCES FROM WASTEWATER IRRIGATION ON LARGE-SCALE SHORT-ROTATION WILLOW COPPICE PLANTATIONS|
|Ioannis Dimitriou. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden|
|PATHOGENIC AND ICE NUCLEATION ACTIVE (INA) BACTERIA CAUSING DAMAGES TO ENERGY FORESTRY PLANTATIONS (WILLOW, POPLAR): FROM PROBLEM ASSESSMENT, CHARACTERIZATION, IDENTIFICATION TO SOLUTION|
|Pajand Nejad. Dept. of Forest Mycology and Pathology, SLU, Sweden|
|SALICACEE SPECIES: IDENTIFICATION OF MOLECULAR FUNCTIONS AND ANALYTICAL DESCRIPTORS INVOLVED IN METAL UPTAKE AND TRANSLOCATION|
|Angelo Massacci. Istituto di Biologia Agro-Ambientale e Forestale, CNR, Italy.|
|Abstract||Slides Not Available|
|PHYTOREMEDIATION OF A WISCONSIN BROWNFIELD WITH POPLARS|
|Jud G. Isebrands. Environmental Forestry Consultants, U.S.A.|
|BREEDING SHRUB WILLOW AS A FEEDSTOCK FOR BIOENERGY, BIOFUELS AND BIOPRODUCTS|
|Kim Cameron. SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, U.S.A.|
|POTENTIAL OF DIFFERENT POPLAR CLONES IN PHYTOEXTRACTION OF SOME HEAVY METALS|
|Andrej Pilopovic. Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment, Serbia|
|BIOMASS, REMEDIATION, RE-GENERATION (BioReGen LIFE PROJECT): REUSING BROWNFIELDS SITES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY CROPS|
|Richard A. Lord. University of Teesside, U.K.|
|THE USE OF WILLOWS IN PHYTOREMEDIATION OF PAH-CONTAMINATED SOILS|
|Mauritz Ramsted. Dept. of Forest Mycology and Pathology, SLU, Sweden|
|SAP FLOW OF WILLOW VARIETIES BEING USED TO DEVELOP AN EVAPOTRANSPIRATION COVER FOR THE SOLVAY WASTEBEDS IN UPSTATE NEW YORK|
|Jaconette Mirck. SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, U.S.A.|
|THE USE OF WILLOWS AND POPLARS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS IN THE MONTREAL REGION: AN OVERVIEW OF DIVERSE PROJECTS|
|Michel Labrecque. Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Montreal, Canada|
|STEM DIEBACK OF HYBRID POPLAR BAREROOT TREES THE YEAR OF PLANTING|
|Annie DesRochers. Chaire Industrielle CRSNG-UQAT-UQAM en Aménagement Forestier Durable, Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Canada|
|POPLAR AND WILLOW SHORT-ROTATION COPPICE RESPONSE TO FERTILISATION IN A LYSIMETER-BASED TRIAL- RESULTS OF THE FIRST ROTATION|
|Werther Guidi, Enrico Bonari and Emiliano Piccioni. Land Lab - Scuola Superiore S. Anna, Pisa, Italy|
|GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY RESPONSES OF WILLOW AND POPLAR IN SRIC FOR TREATMENT OF AQUACULTURE EFFLUENTS IN SOUTHERN QUEBEC: PRELIMINARY RESULTS|
|Werther Guidi, Michel Labrecque, Traian Teodorescu and Maud Fillion. Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Montreal, Québec, Canada|
|WILLOW RESEARCH PROGRAM AT THE UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN|
|Ryan Hangs(1), Ken Van Rees(1), Nicolas Bélanger(1), Richard Farrell(1), Graham Scoles(1), Vladimir Vujanovic(1) and Robert Grant(2). (1) University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada; (2) University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada|
|TRIPLE-MISSION RIPARIAN BUFFERS: ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP, PROFITS IN THE OFF-SEASON AND YOUTH INVOLVEMENT|
|Julia Kuzovkina. University of Connecticut, Connecticut, USA|
|GROW POTENTIAL AND HEAVY METAL ACCUMULATION IN POPLAR AND WILLOW PLANTS INOCULATED WITH AN ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL|
|Rosalie Lefebvre, Michel Labrecque and Marc St-Arnaud. Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, Montreal, Québec, Canada|
|Abstract Not available||Poster Not available|
|APPLICATION OF WASTEWATER FROM MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATEMENT WORKS TO SRC WILLOW AND POPLAR|
|Alistair McCracken, Paul Moore and Astrid Werner. Applied Plant Science Division, Agri-Food & Biosciences Institute, Belfast, North Ireland, UK|
|Abstract||Poster Not available|
|EVALUATION OF GENE EXPRESSION RESPONSES IN POPLAR ROOTS FOLLOWING N FERTILISATION|
|Frederic E. Pitre, Mario Ouellet, Sebastien Caron, Janice E.K. Cooke and John J. MacKay. Centre for forest research, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada|
|Abstract||Poster Not available|
|ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS OF POPLAR AND WILLOW GERMPLASM IN ITALY: EXPERIENCES AND TRENDS|
|Lorenzo Vietto, Pier Mario Chiarabaglio and Giuseppe Nervo. CRA, Istituto di sperimentazione per la pioppicoltura, Monferrato, Italy|