CLIM-FO-L 6-2006

CLIM-FO-L - AN ELECTRONIC JOURNAL ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND FORESTRY

No. 06/2006

1) Research Articles on Forest and Climate Change

2) Forest and Climate Change Info & Events

3) Forest and climate change news

4) New Publications

5) Climate Change jobs

6) Websites of interest

QUICK TIPS AND INFORMATION FOR CLIM-FO-L


1) Research Articles on Forest and Climate Change

Methodological issues in developing a community forestry greenhouse gas emissions mitigation project in Mancherial forest division of Andhra Pradesh, India

Murthy, I.K. - Hegde, G.T. - Sudha, P. - Ravindranath, N.H. (2006)

Environmental Science & Policy 9 (6): 525-537

Abstract: To understand the methodological issues of developing community forestry projects, a case study was conducted in Mancherial forest division of Adilabad district in Andhra Pradesh, India. This paper addresses: the setting of project boundaries, baseline selection, establishment of additionality and the calculation of carbon sequestration as a result of the project, prior to project implementation. The steps involved in development of the project and the different methods used for establishing baseline, estimating leakage and transaction cost of developing a community forestry project are presented. The stock is projected to increase by 1480 × 103 t C during 2000–2012 over the baseline scenario under the modeling approach and the cost of establishing a baseline and project formulation for a project extending over 32,956 ha is estimated to be US$ 1.25 ha−1 and US$ 4 t C−1.

Carbon Sequestration Potential under Agro Forestry in Rupnagar District of Punjab

Gera, M. – Mohan, G. – Bisht, N.S. – Gera, N. (2006)

Indian Forester, 132 (5): 543-555

Abstract: The paper reports study on carbon sequestration potential and cost effectiveness of tree growing operations on farmlands of Rupnagar district of Punjab. Project based-comprehensive mitigation analysis process (PRO- COMAP) was used to estimate the sequestration potential between 2005 and 2030. The results show that there is a potential to sequester 821,961 tons of carbon during the period of analyses on farmlands of Rupnagar. The whole of this potential could be achieved at a negative cost where non-carbon revenue is sufficient to offset the direct costs. Agroforestry options seems to be attractive for the district as large number of farmers and land area is dedicated to agriculture, supported by availability of irrigation facilities and high productivity of land. The development of agroforestry, however, faces certain barriers due to unorganized markets, poor technical and financial support and lack of extension activities by the Government, which must be addressed before the mitigation activity is undertaken.

A climate-change risk analysis for world ecosystems

Scholze, M. - Knorr, W. - Arnell, N.W. - Prentice, I.C. (2006)

PNAS 103 (35): 13116-13120

Abstract: We quantify the risks of climate-induced changes in key ecosystem processes during the 21st century by forcing a dynamic global vegetation model with multiple scenarios from 16 climate models and mapping the proportions of model runs showing forest/nonforest shifts or exceedance of natural variability in wildfire frequency and freshwater supply. Our analysis does not assign probabilities to scenarios or weights to models. Instead, we consider distribution of outcomes within three sets of model runs grouped by the amount of global warming they simulate: <2°C (including simulations in which atmospheric composition is held constant, i.e., in which the only climate change is due to greenhouse gases already emitted), 2–3°C, and >3°C. High risk of forest loss is shown for Eurasia, eastern China, Canada, Central America, and Amazonia, with forest extensions into the Arctic and semiarid savannas; more frequent wildfire in Amazonia, the far north, and many semiarid regions; more runoff north of 50°N and in tropical Africa and northwestern South America; and less runoff in West Africa, Central America, southern Europe, and the eastern U.S. Substantially larger areas are affected for global warming >3°C than for <2°C; some features appear only at higher warming levels. A land carbon sink of ~1 Pg of C per yr is simulated for the late 20th century, but for >3°C this sink converts to a carbon source during the 21st century (implying a positive climate feedback) in 44% of cases. The risks continue increasing over the following 200 years, even with atmospheric composition held constant.

Carbon sequestration and the optimal management of New Hampshire timber stands

Gutrich, J. - Howarth, R.B. (2006)

Ecological Economics; available online 17 August 2006

Abstract: This paper explores the tradeoff between resource extraction and net carbon sequestration in managing representative timber stands in the state of New Hampshire in the northeastern United States. In the absence of policies to promote forest carbon storage, land owners have incentives to employ clear-cut harvesting regimes with relatively short rotation periods. Under conservative assumptions regarding the social benefits of carbon storage, optimal rotation periods are extended by between 16 and 133 years depending on the forest type under consideration. If policy-makers pursued a cost-effective strategy to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations at twice the pre-industrial norm, optimal rotation periods would be extended by a full 180–347 years. The analysis suggests that partial harvesting regimes (in which approximately 35% of timber volume is removed at 15-year intervals after the timber stand reaches an initial age of 45 years) provide relatively high net benefits under a variety of circumstances. This finding is relevant because partial harvesting is an accepted and relatively common practice that could be adopted more widely.

Emissions of carbon from land use change in sub-Saharan Africa

Houghton, R. A. - Hackler, J. L. (2006)

Journal of Geophysical Research 111

Abstract: Previous estimates of the flux of carbon from land use change in sub-Saharan Africa have been based on highly aggregated data and have ignored important categories of land use. To improve these estimates, we divided the region into four subregions (east, west, central, and southern Africa), each with six types of natural vegetation and five types of land use (permanent crops, pastures, shifting cultivation, industrial wood harvest, and tree plantations). We reconstructed rates of land use change and rates of wood harvest from country-level statistics reported by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (1961–2000) and extrapolated the rates from 1961 to 1850 on the basis of qualitative histories of demography, economy, and land use. We used a bookkeeping model to calculate the annual flux of carbon associated with these changes in land use. Country-level estimates of average forest biomass from the FAO, together with changes in biomass calculated from the reconstructed rates of land use change, constrained the average biomass of forests in 1850. Comparison of potential (predisturbance) forest areas with the areas present in 1850 and 2000 suggests that 60% of Africa's forests were lost before 1850 and an additional 10% lost in the last 150 years. The annual net flux of carbon from changes in land use was probably small and variable before the early 1900s but increased to a source of 0.3 ± 0.2 PgC/yr by the end of the century. In the 1990s the source was equivalent to about 15% of the global net flux of carbon from land use change.

Carbon allocation in a mixed-species plantation of Eucalyptus globulus and Acacia mearnsii

Forrester, D.I. - Bauhus, J. - Cowie, A.L. (2006)

Forest Ecology and Management; available online 14 June 2006

Abstract
: Aboveground biomass was twice as high in mixtures of Eucalyptus globulus and Acacia mearnsii when compared to E. globulus monocultures after 11 years. This was attributed to increased nutrient availability and accelerated rates of N and P cycling in mixtures. This study examined whether the increase in aboveground biomass production was associated with an increase in total productivity (both above- and belowground), a change in C partitioning (from below to aboveground) or both. Total annual belowground C allocation (TBCA) was determined during year 11 in a mixed-species trial near Cann River, southeastern Australia. Monocultures of E. globulus (100 % E) and A. mearnsii (100 % A) and mixtures of these species (50% E : 50 % A) were planted in a replacement series. Using a conservation of mass approach, TBCA was estimated as soil carbon dioxide (CO2) efflux C minus the C input from aboveground litter plus changes in the C stored in soil, roots and the forest floor litter layer. Aboveground net primary production (ANPP) was also estimated to enable comparison of ratios of above and belowground fluxes between treatments. TBCA ranged from 14.6 to 16.3 Mg C ha−1 year−1 and was not significantly different in 100% E, 50 % E : 50%A and 100 % A. Higher ratios of ANPP : TBCA in the mixtures (0.41) than in either monoculture (100 % A : 0.28 100 % E : 0.31) indicated that trees in mixture partitioned a lower proportion of assimilated C belowground than those in monocultures. Since the mixture was as productive as monocultures belowground but more productive aboveground, it appears to be more productive overall and thus have the potential to increase C sequestration above that of monocultures.

Factors affecting the uncertainty of sinks and stocks of carbon in Finnish forests soils and vegetation

Peltoniemi, M. - Palosuo, T. - Monni, S. - Mäkipää, R. (2006)

Forest Ecology and Management 232, 75-85

Abstract: Monitoring and transparent reporting of forest carbon sinks are currently needed under the Climate Convention. From 2005 onwards, national GHG inventories should also provide uncertainty estimates of the reported emissions and removals. Comprehensive uncertainty analysis and key category analysis of the carbon inventory can provide guidance for prioritizing efforts in further development of the inventory. In this study, the estimates of the forest carbon stock and carbon sink were obtained by combining forest inventory data, models of biomass and turnover, and a dynamic decomposition model for SOM and litter, Yasso. To study the decisive factors affecting uncertainties of forest carbon sink and stock estimates, we conducted a Monte Carlo analysis for the calculation of the forest carbon budget of Finnish forests for the period 1989–2004. Uncertainty of the vegetation carbon sink was affected mostly by input data on growth variation and drain. Uncertainty of the soil carbon sink was dominated by the soil model initialization, but the effect decreased with time. After few years, the effect of initialization leveled with the effect of temperature and drain, both of which were given as input data to the system and which varied inter-annually. The contribution of these variables was less important to uncertainty of stocks in vegetation and soil than the contribution of model parameters. The most influential parameters for vegetation C stock were carbon density and conversion factors for tree and ground vegetation biomass, and for soil C stock, they were soil model parameters, and biomass conversion factors and turnover rates of fine roots and ground vegetation.

Soil carbon sequestration under different exotic tree species in the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia

Lemma, B. - Berggren Kleja, D. - Nilsson, I. - Olsson, M. (2006)

Geoderma; available online 27 July 2006

Abstract
: At Belete forest in southwestern Ethiopia (7°33′N, 36°35′E), tree plantations were established on abandoned farmland, which was previously mainly used for maize cultivation. Total carbon and 13C analyses were used to evaluate the changes in soil organic carbon (SOC) pools associated with land use changes using a comparative approach. Forest clearing followed by continuous cultivation of crops caused a loss of 43% (75.4 Mg ha− 1) total SOC and 73% (128.4 Mg ha− 1) forest derived SOC after nearly 75 years. The net loss of SOC was lower because of addition of 53.0 Mg ha− 1 of SOC of C4 crop origin (mainly maize) to the farmland. On the other hand, afforestation of farmland led to a net accretion of SOC of 69.6 and 29.3 Mg ha− 1 after 20 years under Cupressus lusitanica and Pinus patula stands, respectively. The SOC accretion of plantation origin amounted to 63.3 Mg ha− 1 under C. lusitanica and 24.2 Mg ha− 1 under P. patula. Contrary to the results obtained in some other studies, the SOC of C4 origin did not decline in these stands. This could be attributed to pasture grasses of C4 origin that took over after land abandonment and continued to grow under the tree canopies. The grasses could thus have compensated for the SOC loss. SOC might also have been close to a steady state under the pre-plantation period. Based on the SOC amount found in a reference stand of native forest, afforestation with Eucalyptus grandis during 20 years, preceded by 20 years of cultivation and 35 years of pasture, returned the total SOC to nearly pre-deforestation levels. SOC accumulation rates of 1–3.2 Mg ha− 1 y− 1 are apparently possible 20 years after afforestation of an abandoned farmland but the accumulation rate is species dependent.

Growth, productivity, aboveground biomass, and carbon sequestration of pure and mixed native tree plantations in the Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica

Redondo-Brenes, A. - Montanini, F. (2006)

Forest Ecology and Management 232 (1-3): 168-178

Abstract: In Costa Rica, reforestation programs with indigenous tree species are a recent activity. Information is still scarce on long-term species performance and silvicultural management to ensure the success of tree plantings, especially for mixed stands. This study aims to estimate growth, aboveground biomass, and carbon sequestration of nine native tree species growing in mixed and pure plantings. The study was carried out at La Selva Biological Station in the Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica. More than a half of the tree species studied (e.g. Calophyllum brasiliense, Jacaranda copaia, Terminalia amazonia, Hyeronima alchorneoides, Vochysia ferruginea, Balizia elegans) are distributed from Mexico-Guatemala to South America and a few have more limited distribution in Central America (e.g. Vochysia guatemalensis, Virola koschnyi, Dipteryx panamensis). Overall, all the species had good growth and productivity either in pure or mixed stands in comparison to other native and exotic species growing in similar ecological conditions. At the stand level, the mixed stands performed well for volume, basal area, aboveground biomass, and carbon sequestration, in comparison to other pure or mixed plantations of tropical timber species. The results show that mixed plantings had similar or higher productivities for several of the variables examined, but conclusions on relative productivities depend on the species and growth features, interactions among species, and the variables quantified. In addition, there is a need to continue monitoring over longer time-frames, and for further studies of the species interactions and site factors involved, in order to develop reforestation guidelines for a range of objectives and environmental settings.

Sensitivity of growth of Scots pine, Norway spruce and silver birch to climate change and forest management in boreal conditions

Briceño-Elizondo, E. - Garcia-Gonzalo, J. - Peltola, H. - Matala, J. - Kellomäki, S. (2006)

Forest Ecology and Management 232 (1-3): 152-167

Abstract: An assessment is made on how climate change and thinning may affect the total stem wood growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Norway spruce (Picea abies) and silver birch (Betula pendula), and the resulting effects on the total timber yield and the consequent distribution of timber between pulp wood and saw logs. A process-based model used in the study links the flows of carbon, energy, nitrogen and water in trees and soils as affecting the physiological and ecological performance of trees under the control of climatic and edaphic factors and management. The simulations represent the boreal forest in Southern and Northern Finland. Under thinning, the climate change increased the growth of Scots pine up to 28% in the south and up to 54% in the north, whereas the increase for Norway spruce was up to 24% in the south and 40% in the north. The response of silver birch was smaller than that of conifers; i.e. growth increased by 21% in the south and 34% in the north. The enhanced growth implied an increase in the timber yield regardless of tree species and site. The increase for Scots pine was up to 26% in the south and 50% in the north. For Norway spruce, the increase was somewhat smaller, up to 23% in the south and up to 40% in the north. For silver birch, the increase was the smallest, up to 20% in the south and up to 33% in the north. The thinning regime had, however, a clear effect on total growth and timber yield. Any thinning regime increasing the mean stocking over the rotation increased the total growth and timber yield regardless of the tree species and site. An adaptation of the current management rules might be needed in order to exploit the benefits that climate change seems to provide in the form of increased growth and timber yield in the boreal conditions.

Forest re-growth on medieval farmland after the Black Death pandemic—Implications for atmospheric CO2 levels

van Hoof, T.B. - Bunnik, F.P.M. - Waucomont, J.G.M. - Kürschner, W.M. - Visscher, H. (2006)

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 237 (2-4): 396-409

Abstract: Well-dated pollen assemblages from an organic-rich infill of an oxbow lake of the river Roer (southeastern Netherlands) provide a high-resolution reconstruction of regional vegetation development and land-use for the period between AD 1000 and 1500. Regional effects of the mid-14th century plague pandemic known as the Black Death are reflected by a period of significant agricultural regression between AD 1350 and 1440. Concomitant re-growth of forest indicates the existence of a terrestrial carbon sink following the Black Death pandemic. A direct temporal correlation of the reconstructed changes in land-cover with a proxy record of atmospheric CO2 mixing ratios based on stomatal frequency analysis of Quercus robur leaf remains suggests the coupling of long-term CO2 trends of the 13th–15th centuries and coeval trends in regional forest density. During the period of maximum reforestation between AD 1400 and 1440, CO2 levels seem to be relatively low, but the onset of a CO2 decline may predate the spread of the Black Death in Europe.

Long-term impact of a gliricidia-maize intercropping system on carbon sequestration in southern Malawi

Makumba, W. - Akinnifesi, F.K. - Janssen, B. - Oenema, O. (2006)

Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment; available online 5 July 2006

Abstract
: Tree/crop systems under agroforestry practice are capable of sequestering carbon (C) in the standing biomass and soil. Although studies have been conducted to understand soil organic C increases in some agroforestry technologies, little is known about C sequestered in simultaneous tree/crop intercropping systems. The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of agroforestry practice on C sequestration and CO2-C efflux in a gliricidia-maize intercropping system. The experiment was conducted at an experimental site located at the Makoka Agricultural Research Station, in Malawi. The studies involved two field plots, 7-year (MZ21) and 10-year (MZ12), two production systems (sole-maize and gliricidia-maize simultaneous intercropping systems). A 7-year-old grass fallow (Grass-F) was also included. Gliricidia prunings were incorporated at each time of tree pruning in the gliricidia-maize. The amount of organic C recycled varied from 0.8 to 4.8 Mg C ha−1 in gliricidia-maize and from 0.4 to 1.0 Mg C ha−1 in sole-maize. In sole-maize, net decreases of soil carbon of 6 Mg C ha−1 at MZ12 and 7 Mg C ha−1 at MZ21 in the topsoil (0–20 cm) relative to the initial soil C were observed. After 10 years of continuous application of tree prunings C was sequestered in the topsoil (0–20 cm) in gliricidia-maize was 1.6 times more than in sole-maize. A total of 123–149 Mg C ha−1 were sequestered in the soil (0–200 cm depth), through root turnover and pruning application in the gliricidia-maize system. Carbon dioxide evolution varied from 10 to 28 kg ha−1 day−1 in sole-maize and 23 to 83 kg ha−1 day−1 in gliricidia-maize. We concluded that gliricidia-maize intercropping system could sequester more C in the soil than sole-maize.

Climate is affected more by maritime than by continental land use change: A multiple scale analysis

van der Molen, M.K. - Dolman, A.J. - Waterloo, M.J. - Bruijnzeel, L.A. (2006)

Global and Planetary Change; available online 22 June 2006

Abstract: Tropical deforestation appears to have larger impacts on local, regional and global climate when it occurs under maritime conditions rather then under continental conditions. At the local scale, we compare results from a field experiment in Puerto Rico with other long-term studies of the changes in surface fluxes after deforestation. Changes in surface fluxes are larger in maritime situations because a number of feedback mechanisms appears less relevant (e.g. the dependency of soil moisture on recycling of water and the larger reduction of net radiation in the wet season due to clouds in continental regions). Pastures may evaporate at similarly high rates as forests when soil moisture is sufficient, which has a strong reducing effect on the sensible heat flux after deforestation. At the regional scale (~ 102 km2), model simulations show that the meso-scale sea breeze circulation under maritime conditions is more effective in transporting heat and moisture to the upper troposphere than convection is in the continental case. Thus islands function as triggers of convection, whereas the intensity of the sea breeze-trigger is sensitive to land use change. At the global scale, using satellite-derived latent heating rates of the upper troposphere, it is shown that 40% of the latent heating associated with deep convection takes place in the Maritime Continent (Indonesia and surroundings) and may be produced mostly by small islands. Continents contribute only 20% of the latent heating of the upper troposphere. Thus, sea breeze circulations exert significant influence on the Hadley cell circulation. These results imply that, from a climate perspective, further deforestation studies would do well to focus more on maritime conditions.

2) Forest and Climate Change Info & Events

UNFCCC Workshop on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries

30 Aug-01 Sep 2006
Rome, Italy

At the workshop, which was hosted by the Government of Italy and the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) at its headquarters from 30 August to 1 September, governments presented the results of their actions to slow deforestation and the lessons they have learned.

Concrete proposals of approaches to reduce emissions from deforestation were presented at the meeting. These included calls for the establishment of a financial mechanism to provide positive financial incentives for developing countries that voluntarily reduce their emissions from deforestation. A range of potential sources of financing was identified, including market-based mechanisms. The meeting considered the technical requirements for the required monitoring and quantification of the rates of deforestation and the resulting emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Delegates also pointed out that capacity needed to be built to address the underlying causes of deforestation.

The results of the meeting will be reported to the Nairobi Climate Change Conference starting 6 November.

Please find the presentations and background papers at:

http://unfccc.int/methods_and_science/lulucf/items/3764.php

Please find a FAO press release on the workshop here: http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2006/1000385/index.html

10th Meeting of the Afforestation and Reforestation Working Group

UNFCCC Headquarters, Bonn, Germany

29 - 30 August 2006

Meeting outcomes: With a view to be considered by the CDM EB during its 26th meeting, the AR working group recommended one more methodology as A – case (approved): ARNM0019: “Reforestation around Pico Bonito National Park, Honduras”. Two methodologies were recommended as not approved (c-case) and 4 as B cases, which implies that project participants can submit further clarifications with a view to later approval.

Regarding other issues, the AR WG revised the procedures to define the eligibility of lands for A/R project activities, as well as the CDM-AR-PDD and CDM-AR-NM forms and their guidelines.

The A/R WG considered a proposal on guidance on emissions of indirect N2O from fertilizer application and recommended that only direct, and not indirect, emissions of N2O from application of fertilizer within the project boundary shall be accounted for in A/R project activities.

Meeting report and annexes: http://cdm.unfccc.int/Panels/ar

San Diego Declaration on Climate Change and Fire Management

Changes in climate will limit humans’ ability to manage wildland fire and apply prescribed fire across the landscape, according to the “San Diego Declaration on Climate Change and Fire Management,” released today by the Association for Fire Ecology, the world’s largest assembly of fire ecologists.

http://www.fireecology.net/pdfs/sd_declaration.pdf

Meetings of FAO Regional Forestry commissions in 2006

FAO, through its decentralized forestry structure, supports six Regional Forestry Commissions, established between 1947 and 1961, one each for Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, the Near East and North America. These commissions provide a forum for FAO member countries to discuss both technical and policy issues at the regional level, supporting the efforts of countries to implement sustainable forest management. Participants include government officials from forestry and other sectors as well as representatives of international, regional and subregional organizations, including NGOs, and the private sector.

In each of the 2006 meetings climate change and forests was a topic; and, as plenary sessions showed a much debated one in terms of challenges caused by climate change impacts in the different regions, the international regulations dealing with it and on the requirements for CDM forestry projects under the Kyoto Protocol. It was recommended to improve access to up to date information related to climate change and forestry, enhance networking between foresters and professionals working in climate change, assist building capacity to un-tap opportunities under the CDM and to link project participants to carbon market investors.

Please find further information in the background documents:

African Forestry and Wildlife Commission: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/010/j6784e.pdf

Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission: http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ag092e/ag092e00.htm

European Forestry Commission: www.fao.org/forestry/site/31912/en

Near East Forestry Commission: www.fao.org/forestry/site/31918/en

Comisión Forestal para América Latina y el Caribe: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/meeting/010/ag285s.pdf

Bottlenecks and Challenges for Afforestation/Reforestation CDM in Africa

Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism appear unevenly distributed across regions and sectors. Projects in Africa and in the forestry sector appear very much underrepresented. To receive feedback from practitioners about the possible reasons and to better identify bottlenecks, comments were invited.

We express our appreciation for the valuable comments received. In particular, we thank, Lonneke Bakker, Benoit Bosquet, Alfred Brownell, William Greene, Patrick Karani, Wally Menne, Lucio Pedroni, Zenia Salinas, Bernhard Schlamadinger, Timm Tennigkeit, Louis Verchot.

Further contributions would be much appreciated. Please send to the attention of heiner.vonluepke@fao.org

At a later stage, results will be made available on our website: www.fao.org/forestry/site/climate-change/en

Curso internacional Diseño de proyectos MDL en los sectores forestal y bioenergía

Turrialba, Costa Rica, 23 al 27 de octubre de 2006

El VII curso "Diseno de Proyectos MDL en los Sectores Forestal y Bioenergía" tiene como objetivo contribuir con el aumento de la competitividad de los países en el mercado emergente del carbono, mediante la capacitación de recursos humanos en posiciones clave dentro de las instituciones nacionales e internacionales. Este curso tiene un costo de US$1.500.00.

Organiza: CATIE, Grupo Cambio Global.

Informes: http://www.catie.ac.cr/capacitacion

Creating awareness and mobilizing investment opportunities in the Clean Development Mechanism for Africa

The Workshop takes place under the auspices of the ITTO with funding and organization by the Swiss, Finnish and Ghana Governments, FAO and the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC).

Venue and date: Accra, Ghana, October 2-5, 2006

For detail and programme please see: http://www.carbontradinginafrica.com/Workshop.html

Time to Adapt: Climate Change and the European Water Dimension. Vulnerability – Impacts – Adaptation

Conference announcement

12 to 14 February 2007

Berlin, Germany

The Symposium aims to provide a platform for representatives from governments, science and research, stakeholder groups and non-governmental organizations to discuss the impacts of climate change on water resources. In addition, adaptation strategies for water management and water dependent sectors, in particular agriculture, energy, inland navigation and tourism, will be evaluated.

Organised by Ecologic, Institute for International and European Environmental Policy (www.ecologic.de), in cooperation with the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (www.pik-potsdam.de).

For further information please visit the conference website at:

http://www.climate-water-adaptation-berlin2007.org/index.htm.

Earth System Governance: Theories and Strategies for Sustainability

Call for papers

2007 Amsterdam Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 24-26 May 2007

The Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM) at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and its partner institutions invite papers for the 2007 Amsterdam Conference on the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change, to be held in Amsterdam on 24-26 May 2007.

Deadline for proposals: 1. Oct 2006

Details on abstract submission and more information is available at the conference website: http://www.2007amsterdamconference.org

Looking for funding for carbon sequestration studies in Peru

If you wish to contact Mr. Guillermo Vilchez regarding this matter, please e-mail to: guillermovilchez@hotmail.com

Soy Ingeniero Agricola.

Estoy realizando estudios referentes a CAPTURA DE CARBONO en 1´500,000 en la Sierra del Perú. Lo que deseria saber, si existe financiamiento para realizar estos Estudios que son de Importancia.

Además estoy desarrollando Metodologias para realziar Auditorias Ambientales en Aguas Superficales y Subterràneas, de aigual manera deseria saber si exite finaciamiento para este tipo de estudios.

Saludos.

Ing. Msc. Guillermo Vilchez

Cusco - Perú

Request for information on allometric equations, growth models and c sequestration information - Jatropha Curcas

Mr. Richard Hayes is looking for any research on this area with Jatropha Curcas. If you like to contact him, please e-mail to: richard.hayes@eitg.co.nz

3) Forest and climate change news

Central Africa Forests Commission (COMIFAC) adresses forests and climate change

Cameroon, Douala, 4-6/09/2006

During the regional forum of the COMIFAC member states on harmonisation of forest policies, climate change and forests was tabled as an important issue. FAO organised one session on this issue, especially addressing the expected impacts and vulnerabilities of the Central African forest sector, reporting obligations under UNFCCC and Kyoto protocol and bottlenecks and opportunities by the clean development mechanism. The novel concept of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases through avoided deforestation is regarded as high priority, given the vast extension and threat to the tropical forests in the region. Recommendations for further regional action were given accordingly.

View the presentation here: www.fao.org/forestry/site/climate-change/en

The COMIFAC is the only regional authority of orientation, decision and coordination of the sub-regional actions and initiatives as regards conservation and sustainable management of the forest ecosystems.

Website: http://www.comifac.org/accueilfr.htm

Brazil Proposes Fund to Stem Rainforest Cutting

Brazil proposed a fund to compensate developing countries that slow the destruction of their rainforests, a move that could help lower emissions of gases blamed for rising world temperatures. The Brazilian initiative, presented at a planning meeting for upcoming global climate talks in Rome, calls for creating a fund that countries could tap into if they could prove they had brought deforestation below rates of the 1990s.

(from ENN)

http://www.enn.com/today.html?id=11176

Global warming leading to Scottish trees migrating north

Scotland's native tree population is at threat from global warming, with some species migrating north for more suitable conditions, according to forestry experts.

(from The Herald)

http://www.theherald.co.uk/news/68125.html

Program Lets Forests Grow Longer to Combat Global Warming

Californians could soon invest in trees to offset the greenhouse gases they pump into the air when they heat their homes or drive to work. The California Climate Action Registry was set up by the state six years ago to encourage corporations and government agencies to track, and ultimately reduce, their emissions. The Forest Protocols program will allow environmentally minded citizens to pay to preserve enough trees to offset their personal carbon emissions.

(from ENN news)

http://www.enn.com/today.html?id=10877

4) New Publications

Planning Forest Sink Projects - A Guide to Forest Sink Planning, Management and Carbon Accounting

Australian Greenhouse Office, Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006

Description: Well planned and managed forest sink projects can contribute to greenhouse gas emission reduction goals and provide complementary environmental and socio-economic benefits. Sound planning, management, monitoring and reporting procedures are necessary if the carbon sequestered in a forest sink is to be formally recognised (e.g. under a government programme) or sold. This Guide explains the concept of carbon sequestration in forests, provides information on planning, establishing and managing a forest for carbon sequestration benefits, and describes project-level carbon accounting approaches. The information in this Guide is relevant to individuals and organisations who are planning to establish forest sink projects, as well as those considering investment in carbon sequestration to offset emissions.

http://www.greenhouse.gov.au/nrm/publications/forestsinks-planning.html

tCERs/lCERs Tool

World Bank – CATIE (2006)

This tool is to help choosing between temporary Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs) and long-term CERs in a LULUCF project.

Please find the tool in excel format here:

http://carbonfinance.org/docs/tCERs_lCERs_tool.xls

Pacific Island Mangroves in a Changing Climate and Rising Sea

UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 179

UNEP (2006)

Description: The central aim of this publication is to highlight the results and recommendations from a study that has assessed the capacity of Pacific Island countries and territories to determine mangrove vulnerability and adapt to mangrove responses to climate change effects. The report identifies national and regional priority needs for technical and institutional capacity-building and discusses how results from this Pacific Island study could contribute to other relevant regional and international initiatives. It also describes the status, trends and diversity of Pacific Island mangroves; the services and products derived from mangrove communities; and considerations for the development of a strategy to plan and adapt to site-specific mangrove responses to climate change effects, including the critical need for community-based approaches, integrated coastal zone management, increased mangrove resistance and resilience, and outreach activities.

Find the full report here: http://www.unep.org/PDF//mangrove-report.pdf

5) Climate Change jobs

UNFCCC Secretariat: 2 vacancies

Team Assistant (G4)

Project Based Mechanisms (Pbm) Programme, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Section

Deadline: 10 Sep 2006

http://unfccc.int/tools_xml/ie06.023.pdf

Legal Officer (P4)

Intergovernmental and Legal Affairs sub programme, Intergovernmental and Conference Affairs

Deadline: 18 Sep 2006

http://unfccc.int/tools_xml/ie06.022.pdf

Vacancy Announcement at EUtech Energie & Management GmbH

EUtech is an internationally recognised engineering consultancy active in the fields of energy efficiency and international climate change. We work for industrial clients, utilities, international development organisations and the public sector (governments, ministries, municipalities).

To strengthen our team in our office in Aachen (near Cologne) we are looking for a

Senior Consultant Energy Efficiency & Climate Change

to lead prominent projects in Germany and abroad.

Since we expect fluency in German for this position, the attached job description is in German, only.

For any further enquiry please contact Ms. Astrid Schubert (schubert@eutech.de) at Tel. +49-241-963 1979. Web-site: www.eutech.de.

Please send your application to the address indicated below, or via email to schubert@eutech.de before 15 September 2006.

Dr. Martin Kruska

Head Climate Change Services & International Development

EUtech Energie & Management GmbH

Dennewartstr. 25 - 27

52068 Aachen

Germany

6) Websites of interest

Global land cover facility

University of Maryland

The Global land cover facility is a centre for land cover science with a focus on research using remotely sensed satellite data and products to assess land cover change for local to global systems. The GLCF offers land cover, percent tree cover, forest change, radiative flux and other derived products for download.

Website: http://glcf.umiacs.umd.edu/index.shtml

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Thank you for your contributions to this Issue: Mohit Gera, Richard Hayes, Mikko Peltoniemi, Barbara Richards, Guillermo Vilchez

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last updated:  Tuesday, November 18, 2008