CLIM-FO-L 03-2006


No. 03/2006

1) Research Articles on Forest and Climate Change

2) Forest and Climate Change News

3) Forest and Climate Change Info & Events

4) New Publications

5) Climate Change jobs

6) Websites of interest


1) Research Articles on Forest and Climate Change

Temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition and feedbacks to climate change

Davidson, E.A. - Janssens, I.A. (2006)

Nature 440: 165-173

Abstract: Significantly more carbon is stored in the world's soils—including peatlands, wetlands and permafrost—than is present in the atmosphere. Disagreement exists, however, regarding the effects of climate change on global soil carbon stocks. If carbon stored belowground is transferred to the atmosphere by a warming-induced acceleration of its decomposition, a positive feedback to climate change would occur. Conversely, if increases of plant-derived carbon inputs to soils exceed increases in decomposition, the feedback would be negative. Despite much research, a consensus has not yet emerged on the temperature sensitivity of soil carbon decomposition. Unravelling the feedback effect is particularly difficult, because the diverse soil organic compounds exhibit a wide range of kinetic properties, which determine the intrinsic temperature sensitivity of their decomposition. Moreover, several environmental constraints obscure the intrinsic temperature sensitivity of substrate decomposition, causing lower observed 'apparent' temperature sensitivity, and these constraints may, themselves, be sensitive to climate.

Mangroves, a major source of dissolved organic carbon to the oceans

Dittmar, T. - Hertkorn, N. - Kattner, G. – Lara, R. J. (2006)

Global Biogeochem. Cycles 20

Abstract: Organic matter, which is dissolved in low concentrations in the vast waters of the oceans, contains a total amount of carbon similar to atmospheric carbon dioxide. To understand global biogeochemical cycles, it is crucial to quantify the sources of marine dissolved organic carbon (DOC). We investigated the impact of mangroves, the dominant intertidal vegetation of the tropics, on marine DOC inventories. Stable carbon isotopes and proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed that mangroves are the main source of terrigenous DOC in the open ocean off northern Brazil. Sunlight efficiently destroyed aromatic molecules during transport offshore, removing about one third of mangrove-derived DOC. The remainder was refractory and may thus be distributed over the oceans. On a global scale, we estimate that mangroves account for >10% of the terrestrially derived, refractory DOC transported to the ocean, while they cover only <0.1% of the continents' surface.

Global potential for carbon sequestration: Geographical distribution, country risk and policy implications

Benítez, P.C. - McCallum, I. - Obersteiner, M. - Yamagata, Y. (2006)

Ecological Economics; available online 9 March 2006

Abstract: We have provided a framework for identifying least-cost sites for afforestation and reforestation and deriving carbon sequestration cost curves at a global level in a scenario of limited information. Special attention is given to country risk in developing countries and the sensitivity to spatial datasets. Our model results suggest that within 20 years and considering a carbon price of US$50/tC, tree-planting activities could offset 1 year of global carbon emissions in the energy sector. However, if we account for country risk considerations–associated with political, economic and financial risks–carbon sequestration is reduced by approximately 60%. With respect to the geography of supply, illustrated by grid-scale maps, we find that most least-cost sites are located in regions of developing countries such as the Sub-Sahara, Southeast Brazil and Southeast Asia.

Accounting for India's forest wealth

Atkinson, G. - Gundimeda, H. (2006)

Ecological Economics; available online 26 January 2006

: In this paper, we account for forest wealth in India. Changes in the timber and carbon wealth embodied in these forests are related to important green national accounting aggregates such as genuine saving and the change in wealth per capita. Important accounting issues include the timing of carbon releases that occur when forests are disturbed, as well as the valuation of these releases. Our empirical findings suggest that while India's forest wealth is substantial, net changes in this wealth are arguably not so large at least in relation to GNP. However, when viewed in the context of the wealth-diluting effects of population growth this implies a far larger additional savings effort is required to cover the (net) loss in forest values than otherwise appears to be the case. Finally, we examine ways in which the accounting approach that we adopt can be reconciled with approaches which stress conserving forest wealth.

A carbon budget of forest biomass and soils in southeast Norway calculated using a widely applicable method

de Wit, H.A. - Palosuo, T. - Hylen, G. - Liski, J. (2006)

Forest Ecology and Management 225 (1-3): 15-26

Abstract: We calculate a C budget of productive forest in southeast Norway based on forest inventory information, biomass expansion factors (BEF), biomass turnover rates and the dynamic soil model Yasso. We estimate a 29% increase (112–145 Tg) of C in biomass between 1971 and 2000, and estimate the associated increase of C in soils (including dead wood) to be 4.5% (181–189 Tg). The C sink strengths in biomass and soils (including dead wood) in 1990 are 0.38 and 0.08 Mg ha−1 yr−1, respectively. Estimated soil C density is 58 Mg C ha−1 or ca 40% of measured soil C density in Norwegian forest soils. The key uncertainty in the soil sink is the initial value of the soil C stock, i.e. the assumed steady state soil C stock at the start of the time series in 1970. However, this source of uncertainty is reduced in importance for when approaching the end of the data series. This indicates that a longer time series of forest inventory data will decrease the uncertainty in the soil sink estimate due to initialisation of the soil C stock. Other, less significant, sources of uncertainty in estimates of soil stock and sink are BEF for fine roots and turnover rates of fine roots and foliage. The used method for calculation of a forest C budget can be readily applied to other regions for which similar forest resource data are available.

Above-ground carbon stocks in tropical fallows, Sarawak, Malaysia

Rudbeck Jepsen, M. (2006)

Forest Ecology and Management 225 (1-3): 287-295

Abstract: Assessment of biomass stocks and growth rates are essential for knowledge on carbon cycle dynamics. Being a part of an agricultural system, fallows provide two services: they contribute to food security and they store carbon. In this study, 3384 trees in Sarawak, Malaysia, were measured for diameter at breast height (DBH) along a chronosequence of fallow ages, and the biomass and carbon stocks of the fallows were estimated using published allometric equations. During the first 15 years following abandonment, the biomass of the shifting cultivation fallows accumulates following a logistic model reaching saturation after 6 years at 47 Mg dry matter (DM) per hectare. Using the differential equation of the logistic model to calculate biomass accumulation rates shows very high accumulation rates (up to 12.7 Mg carbon per hectare per year) when compared to standard calculations of mean annual accumulation rates.

Carbon stocks and timber yield in two boreal forest ecosystems under current and changing climatic conditions subjected to varying management regimes

Briceño-Elizondo, E. - Garcia-Gonzalo, J. - Peltola, H. - Kellomäki, S. (2006)

Environmental Science & Policy 9 (3): 237-252

Abstract: A process-based ecosystem model was used to identify how thinning and climate change affected carbon sequestration in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Norway spruce (Picea abies) and silver birch (Betula pendula) stands in the southern and northern boreal conditions in Finland. Current climate data and two climate change scenarios together with eight management scenarios were used in the simulations. The trees occupying the sites were subjected to varying thinning regimes over a 100-year simulation period. The thinning regimes differed from each other in the sense that mean stocking in the stand over the rotation varied significantly compared to that currently applied. This allowed the identification of how sensitive carbon stocks and timber yield are to thinning and climate change. The simulations indicated that thinning regimes which increased the stocking of the tree population increased the mean carbon stock in the forest and the timber yield, compared to the current thinning guidelines, regardless of tree species and climate scenario. The climate change in itself enhanced stocks more in the north than in the south. The simulations demonstrated that carbon sequestration in the ecosystem may be enhanced with no loss in timber production even under the current climate with the different management regimes.

WISDOM: A GIS-based supply demand mapping tool for woodfuel management

Masera, O. - Ghilardi, A. - Drigo, R. - Trossero, M.A. (2006)

Biomass and Bioenergy; available online 27 March 2006

: In this paper, it is argued that adequately assessing the implications of the current patterns of woodfuel production and use, and the sustainable potentials of woodfuel resources, requires a holistic view and a better knowledge of the spatial patterns of woodfuel supply and demand. There is a need to conduct multi-scale spatially explicit analyses of woodfuel supply and demand that are able to articulate local heterogeneity at the regional and national levels. Studies that provide full-country coverage and are based on consistent integration of data at lower geographical scales are woefully lacking. This paper describes the Woodfuel Integrated Supply/Demand Overview Mapping model (WISDOM). This is a GIS-based tool, aimed at analyzing woodfuel demand and supply spatial patterns from a new perspective that includes: (a) the assembling of existing but dispersed information into single data sets, (b) a modular integration of these data sets, based on the analysis of key variables associated with woodfuel demand and supply patterns, and (c) a multiple-scale and spatially explicit representation of the results, in order to rank or highlight areas in which several criteria of interest coincide. The final objective of WISDOM is to assess the sustainability of woodfuel as a renewable and widespread energy source, while supporting strategic planning and policy formulation. Three case studies for Mexico, Slovenia, and Senegal illustrate the practical implementation and innovative results of using WISDOM.

Maximizing the profitability of forestry projects under the Clean Development Mechanism using a forest management optimization model

Gutiérrez, V.H. - Zapata, M. - Sierra, C. - Laguado, W. - Santacruz, A. (2006)

Forest Ecology and Management 226 (1-3): 341-350

Abstract: Forestry projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) may provide several benefits for developing countries. Under the current rules, these projects can participate in both timber and carbon markets. Thus, project developers need to know what the optimal forest management design would be to maximize their revenues according to timber and carbon market expectations while at the same time complying with international rules adopted for carbon sequestration projects under the CDM. We developed Carbomáx, a management optimization model that simulates forest growth under different forest management regimes (intensity and frequency of thinnings and rotation lengths). A genetic algorithm was used to find the management regime that maximizes the Annual Equivalent Value (AEV) of projects under different market scenarios. We tested our model under a wide variety of possible scenarios for forestry projects. Five tropical plantation species (Alnus jorullensis, Cordia alliodora, Pinus patula, Cupressus lusitanica and Eucalyptus grandis) were evaluated, at discount rates of 4, 7 and 10%, and certified emissions reduction (CER) prices of US$3, 7, 10 and 13. Temporary CERs (tCERs) and long-term CERs (lCERs) prices were considered in the evaluation and were calculated as a variable proportion of CER price. Results showed that optimal forest management is sensible to carbon and timber market conditions. Under each discount rate, as CER price increased, frequency and intensity of thinnings tended to decrease and optimal thinnings and rotation lengths tended to be reached at older ages. The largest AEV were obtained with discount rates of 10%, CER prices of US$13 and rotation lengths of 40 years for all species. For those species with higher timber prices, thinnings tended to be more frequent and at early ages of the plantation. For all species optimal thinnings were found at 35 years of plantation age. tCERs was selected by the model as the best choice to maximize the profitability of the projects.

Post-harvest patterns of carbon dioxide production, methane uptake and nitrous oxide production in a Pinus radiata D. Don plantation

Tate, K.R. - Ross, D.J. - Scott, N.A. - Rodda, N.J. - Townsend, J.A. - Arnold, G.C. (2006)

Forest Ecology and Management; available online 30 March 2006

Abstract: Forest harvest results in the removal of a large reservoir of terrestrial carbon with potential significant effects on net CO2 emissions, but concomitant effects on other atmospheric trace gas fluxes are poorly understood. We measured CO2, CH4 and N2O fluxes between soils and the atmosphere over 3 years at a recently harvested site under Pinus radiata on a volcanic soil of high-fertility status. Temporal changes in CO2 and N2O emissions were also measured over a wider harvested area. The residue (slash) treatments were a control (‘no-slash’), ‘normal-slash’ typical of the site and ‘high-slash’ (three times normal-slash). Mass loss was inversely related to all size categories of slash, and averaged 98% for litter and 34% for large wood (76–120 mm diameter). Overall, CO2-C production was significantly higher (P = 0.02) in the ‘normal-slash’ (by 27%) and ‘high-slash’ (by 72%) than in the ‘no-slash’ treatments. Evidence collected over a wider area before and after harvest suggested little apparent effect of soil disturbance during harvest. Averaged over 3 years, the annual CO2-C efflux was 8.3 ± 1.1 Mg ha−1. Methane uptake was apparently depressed by surface soil disturbance during harvest, because it increased after harvest by 70% in the ‘normal-slash’ and ‘high-slash’ treatments to average 12 ± 1 kg CH4 ha−1 year−1. Despite the high N fertility of the harvest site, N2O emissions were low overall (0.56 ± 0.17 kg N2O-N ha−1 year−1) and differed little between treatments, apart from a spike shortly after harvest. Overall, during the time frame of the first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol, the three greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4 and N2O) contributed 87, −1 and 14%, respectively, to combined emissions on a CO2-equivalent basis from this fertile harvest site.

Human role in Russian wild fires

Mollicone, D. - Eva H. D. - Achard, F. (2006)

Nature (Brief Communications), 440: 436-437

: Anomalies in temperature and precipitation in northern Russia over the past few years have been viewed as manifestations of anthropogenic climate change, prompting suggestions that this may also account for exceptional forest fires in the region. Here we examine the number of forest-fire events across the boreal Russian Federation for the period 2002 to 2005 in ‘intact’ forests, where human influence is limited, and in ‘non-intact’ forests, which have been shaped by human activity. Our results show that there were more fires in years during which the weather was anomalous, but that more than 87% of fires in boreal Russia were started by people. The fact that recent increases in ‘wild’ fires in Eurasian boreal forests are primarily a result of human behaviour on the ground has implications for the global carbon budget and should be taken into account in future mitigation policies.

Indigenous livelihoods, slash-and-burn agriculture, and carbon stocks in Eastern Panama

Tschakert, P. - Coomes, O.T. - Potvin, C. (2006)

Ecological Economics; available online 3 April 2006

: Improved crop–fallow systems in the humid tropics can simultaneously sequester atmospheric carbon emissions and contribute to sustainable livelihoods of rural populations. A study with an indigenous community in eastern Panama revealed a considerable biophysical potential for carbon offsets in small-scale slash-and-burn agriculture through longer fallow periods, improved fallow management, secondary forest development, and agricultural intensification. Based on soil and biomass carbon measurements, estimated annual sequestration rates amount to 0.3−3.7 t C ha− 1 yr− 1. Despite such potential, the economic benefits of initiatives aimed at sequestration of carbon in the community are likely to be rather unequally distributed within the community. Heterogeneity in livelihood strategies and uneven asset endowments among households – factors often overlooked in the ongoing carbon and sustainable development debate – are expected to strongly affect household participation. Indeed, only the better-endowed households that have also managed to diversify into more lucrative farm and non-farm activities are likely to be able to participate in and thus benefit from improved crop–fallow systems that capture carbon. Economic, ethical, institutional, and technical concerns need to be taken into account when designing community carbon management and investment plans.

Potential Carbon Mitigation in Argentina from Changes in Use and Management of Forest Lands

Norberto, C.A. (2006)

Potential Carbon Mitigation in Argentina from Changes in Use and Management of Forest Lands.

IUFRO. IV International Meeting “Managing Forest Ecosystems: the challenges of Climate Change”. 3-7 April 2006.

Abstract: Twenty six forest models have been developed to explore diverse alternatives for mitigating atmospheric carbon dioxide emissions in Argentina. Sets of models for reforesting or afforesting degraded lands, implementing sustainable management practices on existing forest lands, or slowing native deforestation were built based on the characteristics of each one of six ecoregions the country. The greenhouse gases (GHGs) inventory in Argentina estimates the total CO2 emissions in 281,887,080 tonnes/year, and the CO2 capture estimated for the Land Use Change and Forestry category was 43,297,850 tonnes/year, of which the Change in Forest and other Woody Biomass Stocks category accounted for 15,750,140 tonnes CO2/year. This latter amount is relatively small with regard to the potential sequestration of the forestry sector. The models of afforestation and implementation of sustainable management practices were applied to degraded lands in several regions. The CO2 capture capacity estimated for these regions was 193,321 tonnes/ (ha.year). The total CO2 capture capacity summed over the 26 models was 530,624 tonnes/(ha.year).

2) Forest and Climate Change News

First ever transaction of exchange traded forestry carbon credits completed at the Chicago Climate Exchange

Precious Woods announced that it successfully registered the first carbon credits originating from a forestry project at the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) and executed on the CCX trading platform the world’s first ever trade of forestry offsets at a Greenhouse Gas Exchange.

(Note from the editors: this is a transaction non-compliant with the Kyoto protocol)

3) Forest and Climate Change Info & Events

UNFCCC: Submissions on Avoided deforestation

The Conference of Parties (COP), at its eleventh session, invited Parties and accredited observers to submit to the secretariat, by 31 March 2006, their views on issues relating to reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and recommendations on any further process. The secretariat received 18 submissions from Parties and 16 submissions from accredited observers by 10 April 2006.

Submissions from Parties:

Submissions by intergovernmental organizations:

UNFCCC: 8th Meeting of the Afforestation and Reforestation Working Group (AR WG)

UNFCCC Headquarters, Bonn, Germany

28 - 29 March 2006

During its 8th meeting, the AR WG agreed to recommend two AR CDM methodologies for approval by the CDM EB:

    • ARNM0007-rev (“Moldova Soil Conservation Project”) and

    • ARNM0018 (“Assisted Natural Regeneration of Degraded Lands in Albania”)

Furthermore, it was agreed to recommend two proposals for revision, i.e,

    • ARNM0012 (“Afforestation or reforestation project activity implemented on unmanaged grassland”) and

    • ARNM0017 (“Mexico Seawater Forestry Project”).

The CDM Executive Board will consider these recommendations at its twenty-fourth meeting (10 – 12 May 2006). Final recommendations will be found here:

For the full report please see:

UNFCCC: Call for Public Inputs on received AR CDM methodologies

For the 9th round for submission of new A/R methodologies, the secretariat of the UNFCCC received 5 project design documents together with the respective baseline and monitoring methodologies. The time to submit comments is from 25 Apr 06 till 16 May 06.

Find the methodologies here:

Symposium: Impact Evaluation of Global Warming and Approach to Risk Analysis in East Asia

October 31 – November 4, 2006

Organized by Japanese Study Group for Climate Impact and Application; Global Change Research Center of National Taiwan University, and others.

Papers are invited on the following five topics:

    • Features and connotations of the climate change in East Asia;

    • Impacts on ecosystem and adaptation;

    • Impacts on food production and adaptation;

    • Impacts on human health and society;

    • Risk assessment on global warming.

June 30, 2006 is the deadline for submitting an abstract. Please send your abstract directly to . Related information is provided in

Call for Proposals: Advancing Capacity to Support Climate Change Adaptation (ACCCA)

Outline proposals are invited for climate change adaptation projects to participate in the ACCCA project. Information about the ACCCA project, the call for proposals, and an application form are now available for download from

For further information, please contact Annie Roncerel or Neil Leary

CLIMATE COMPASS - a new methodology to boost local climate protection

Training for CLIMATE COMPASS Promoters

29 May - 2 June & 3 July - 7 July 2006

Frankfurt, Germany

CLIMATE COMPASS is a new methodology developed by the European city network Climate Alliance and funded by the European Commission, to support cities and municipalities to set up an action programme for climate protection. CLIMATE COMPASS Promoters assist local authorities in preparing such a programme.

The Training for Promoters is free of charge, and for a limited number of participants the organizers can even contribute to accommodation costs.

Please find more info below and at

For any questions please contact the project manager Ms Ulrike Janssen,

Tel: +49-69-71 71 39-21,

Call for research papers on forests and climate change

The International Forestry Review is seeking authors who would be interested in producing state-of-the-art review papers on issues relating to forests and climate change. Please contact for more details:

Alan Pottinger
Editor, International Forestry Review

Tel. 00 44 (0)1588 672868
Fax. 00 44 (0)870 01 16645

M.Sc. in Climate Sciences

University of Bern, Switzerland 120 ECTS-credits (4 semesters)

The University of Bern and the Swiss Centre of Excellence in Research on Climate (NCCR Climate) are pleased to announce the specialised "MSc in Climate Sciences" program offered at the University of Bern in collaboration with ETH Zurich.

International Master's Scholarship: The University of Bern grants scholarships for excellent international Master students. The call for 2006 closes on May 15, 2006.

The deadline for applications (academic year 2006-07, starting October) is June 1, 2006. Late applications are received through August 1, 2006.

4) New Publications

Sourcebook for Land use, Land-use Change and Forestry Projects

Timothy Pearson, T. - Sarah Walker, S. - Brown, S. (2005)

Winrock International – World Bank

Description: The sourcebook provides guidance for those developing, and measuring and monitoring LULUCF projects under the CDM. The sourcebook introduces readers to the CDM processes and requirements, and provides methods and procedures to produce accurate and precise estimates of changes in carbon stocks. The sourcebook is not designed as a primer on field measurement techniques, although guidance is given. It is intended as an addition to the IPCC Good Practice Guidance on Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (2003), providing additional explanation, clarification and enhanced methodologies. It is designed to be used alongside the Good Practice Guidance.

The document can be found at:

Risks & Chances of Combined Forestry & Biomass Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism

Dutschke, M. - Kapp, G. - Lehmann, A. - Schafer, V. (2006)

UNEP RISOE Centre, Capacity Development for CDM (CD4CDM) Working Paper Series 1

Abstract: The paper assesses the realistic potential and the major constraints of combining carbon sink and bio-energy use projects in the CDM. It also provides an overview of the current state of biomass use in developing countries, and suggests a close integration of the Afforestation/Reforestation and Biomass use methodology work under the CDM, with the possibility to bundle these two kinds of project activities.

To view the paper, please visit:

Climate Change Impacts in the Amazon: Review of scientific literature

Case, M. (2006)

WWF Climate Change Programme: 13 pp

Find the review here:

Tropical Forests and Global Atmospheric Change

Malhi, Y – Phillips, O. (Editors)

Oxford University Press (2005), 280 pp

Description: Tropical forests represent the world's most biodiverse ecosystems and play a key role in hydrology, carbon storage and exchange. Many of the human-induced pressures these regions are facing, e.g. fragmentation and deforestation, have been widely reported and well documented. However, there have been surprisingly few efforts to synthesize cutting-edge science in the area of tropical forest interaction with atmospheric change. At a time when our global atmosphere is undergoing a period of rapid change, both in terms of climate and in the cycling of essential elements such as carbon and nitrogen, a thorough and up-to-date analysis is now timely. This research level text, suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers in plant ecology, tropical forestry, climate change science, and conservation biology, explores the vigorous contemporary debate as to how rapidly tropical forests may be affected by atmospheric change, and what this may mean for their future.

5) Climate Change jobs

CIFOR is looking for an Associate Professional Officer

The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), supported by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is looking for an Associate Professional Officer (APO) to work on CIFOR research. The position is specifically to develop policy relevant research on adaptation in Burkina Faso, Mali and Ghana.

Please note that the deadlines for application have been extended to may 12 for Dutch and developing country candidates residing in the Netherlands, and may 19 for other candidates.

More information here:

Job Announcement - Carbon Consultant at Verbundplan, Austria

Verbundplan is looking for a Carbon Consultant specialized in the energy sector based in the head office in Vienna.

For further information please refer to:

Research positions - School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds

The School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds in the UK is creating a series of tenured research positions in the area of climate and environmental change. These positions will be jointly appointed to several of the school’s research institutes, including the Sustainability Research Institute and the Institute for Atmospheric Science.

The goal is to bring on board established researchers who will be able to develop innovative and inter-disciplinary research programmes across existing research strengths.

Further particulars can be found off link at

Program Manager and Environmental Protection Specialist

Position Openings – Methane to Markets Partnership and Natural Gas STAR Program, US EPA

This notice is to announce the upcoming availability of two exciting federal positions to work in the challenging world of international climate change and energy programs. The positions are located in the Office of Atmospheric Program’s Climate Change Division (CCD), Non-CO2 Programs Branch (NCPB). NCPB is responsible for the implementation of voluntary programs that promote profitable opportunities for reducing emissions of methane and high-global warming potential gases.

EPA seeks to fill two positions to support the Methane to Markets Partnership and the Natural Gas STAR Program. If interested, please e-mail a cover letter and resume to the following contact:

Marian Smoak

USEPA (6207J)

1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.

Washington, DC 20460


Three job vacancies at the climate group of ECON Analysis

ECON is a Nordic consulting firm in the field of economic analysis with expertise in the business areas of “energy and climate change”. ECON’s climate group is working with climate change policies and strategies, the carbon and EU ETS market as well as climate change projects of the CDM and JI.
Further particulars can be found on ECONs webpage: .

Please see the attached job vacancy descriptions for more details and send CVs, certificates and covering letters to:

Helle Ravn
ECON Analysis
Nansensgade 19, 6.,
DK- 1366 Copenhagen K.
Tel. : +45-33914045
or at the e-mail address:

SenterNovem - Project Officer

The team at SenterNovem is inviting applicants for the position of Project Officer. The project officer manages ERPA's with private sector suppliers and cooperates with host country governments (mostly Central and Eastern Europe) to facilitate the transfer of emission reductions.

SenterNovem is looking for a candidate with about five years experience in the field of climate change policy, sustainable energy, international cooperation and/or investments in emerging markets.

For a job description please refer to:

Please do not hesitate to contact ( if you are interested and require further information.

6) Websites of interest

Invitation to join the Forest Landscape Restoration list serve

The FLR list serve is a newly created discussion forum for the global FLR community. Our community is rich, including policy-makers, local practitioners, academics and others, with activities taking place all over the globe. The list serve is a place to share experiences and resources, seek advice and test ideas with colleagues working on similar issues. It is also a place to inform others of new and current FLR events, issues, activities and practices.

To join the FLR list serve, please send an email to: flr-join@ Put your email address on the first line of the message (no spaces) and 'Join FLR List serve' in the subject line. We look forward to your participation and invite you to share this invitation with your networks.

The list serve is coordinated by the Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration and IUCN - The World Conservation Union. Administrators of the list serve (if you have questions) are Dena Cator at and Michelle Laurie at

Global Partnership on Forest Landscape Restoration: .

IUCN Forest Conservation Programme: .


Thank you for your contributions to this Issue: Frederic Achard, Céline Boisvenue, Jim Carle, Carlos A. Norberto, Andreas Kress



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