CLIM-FO-L - AN ELECTRONIC JOURNAL ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND FORESTRY

No. 5/2005

1) Research Articles on Forest and Climate Change

2) Forest and Climate Change News

3) Forest and Climate Change Info & Events

4) New Publications

5) Climate Change jobs

6) Websites of interest

QUICK TIPS AND INFORMATION FOR CLIM-FO-L

1) Research Articles on Forest and Climate Change

Effects of Land Use Change on the Storage of Soil Organic Carbon: A Case Study of the Qianyanzhou Forest Experimental Station in China

Wang, S. - Liu, J. - Yu, G. - Pan, Y. - Chen, Q. - Li, K. - Li, J. (2004)

Climatic Change 67 (2): 247-255

Abstract: Since the 1980s, reforestation activities have been implemented in the area surrounding the Qianyanzhou Forest Experimental Station in Jiangxi Province, China. Farmland and heavily eroded waste land were replanted with fruit, orchards and forest plantations. The area surrounding the Qianyanzhou Forest Experimental Station was selected as research site to analyze the potential of reforestation in carbon sequestration. This study evaluates the variation of soil organic carbon storage under the different land use types. Soil organic carbon storage varied greatly with land use types. This study demonstrates the potential for carbon sequestration in soils from reforestation.

Elevation, substrate, and the potential for climate-induced tree migration in the White Mountains, New Hampshire, USA

Lee, T.D. - Barrett, J.P. - Hartman, B. (2005)

Forest Ecology and Management - Article in Press, available online 8 April 2005

Abstract: We assessed the potential for climate-induced migration of tree species along elevation gradients in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. To do so, we determined the extent to which tree species abundances were associated with elevation, site, and substrate-related variables over a range of elevations (530–880 m) that included the transition from northern hardwoods to spruce-fir forest in the White Mountain National Forest (USA). Species importance values were calculated and those of the five most abundant tree species – balsam fir, red spruce, sugar maple, American beech, and yellow birch – were regressed on elevation and site–substrate characteristics. Both elevation and site–substrate characteristics – parent material type in particular – were important predictors of importance value. Balsam fir and red spruce abundance increased with elevation and, at all elevations, reached greatest abundance on shallow-to-rock parent materials. Fir showed greater abundance on north-facing than on south-facing slopes. Sugar maple and American beech declined with elevation and both, but especially sugar maple, were associated with fine and compact tills. Yellow birch, which did not show any association with substrate characteristics, increased to about 770 m, then declined. If the tree species–substrate associations described here are causal, then the elevational patterns of species abundance observed today are a consequence of both edaphic and climatic factors. As a consequence, vegetation response to climatic warming may be complex. While warming may result in upward migration of yellow birch and American beech, sugar maple, confronted with reduced availability of suitable substrate at high elevations, will likely show little upward response. Red spruce and balsam fir may persist on thin soils at lower elevations unless displaced by eastern hemlock. Thus, climatic warming will likely alter traditionally recognized tree assemblages in this region.

Above-ground biomass and carbon and nitrogen content of woody species in a subtropical thorn scrub parkland

Northup, B.K. - Zitzer, S.F. - Archer, S. - McMurtry, C.R. - Boutton, T.W. (2005)

Journal of Arid Environments 62 (1): 23-43


Abstract:
Regression equations were developed to predict above-ground biomass, carbon and nitrogen content from stem and canopy dimensions for 10 shrub species common to subtropical thorn parklands of southern Texas. Projected canopy area yielded slightly more precise estimates of biomass and nutrient concentrations than the sum of stem basal diameters at the soil surface. All such equations were significant (p<0.05) and had r2 values ≥0.70, except dead wood and large stems of one species. These equations are potentially useful for estimating woody biomass and nutrient content from remotely sensed or field survey data, and in evaluating models of ecosystem biogeochemistry.

Contrasted growth of black spruce (Picea mariana) forest trees at treeline associated with climate change over the last 400 years

Vallée, S. – Payette, S. (2004)

Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 36 (4): 400-406

Abstract: Among the most used proxies to evaluate long-term changes in climate are trees located at their northern range limit. Several studies have shown enhanced tree regeneration at treeline caused by recent warming, but no data are available on height growth performance of forest trees at treeline before and during the 20th century warmth. In this study, we examined the long-term growth performance of black spruce (Picea mariana [Mill.] B.S.P.) trees located in a lichen-spruce woodland, near the arctic treeline in eastern Canada. The sampled trees are ramets from long-lived, self-regenerating black spruce clones that are forming small tree islands within the woodland. The co-occurrence of living and dead tree stems inside clones gives the opportunity to evaluate the growth performance of the same genets through time. Growth of dead and living stems was similar below the snowpack line. However, significant differences were found for growth above snowpack for the two types of stems. Our data indicate that stems of the same genotype responded directly to climate change, in conjunction with climatic conditions prevailing at the time when they were protruding above the snowpack. Compared to extant trees, significantly smaller trees grew in the woodland during the Little Ice Age. Potential causal factors of differential growth performance through time are discussed.

Modeling the interannual variability and trends in gross and net primary productivity of tropical forests from 1982 to 1999

Ichii, K. - Hashimoto, H. - Nemani, R. - White, M. (2005)

Global and Planetary Change - Article in Press, available online 14 April 2005

Abstract: The role of tropical ecosystems in global carbon cycling is uncertain, at least partially due to an incomplete understanding of climatic forcings of carbon fluxes. To reduce this uncertainty, we simulated and analyzed 1982–1999 Amazonian, African, and Asian carbon fluxes using the Biome-BGC prognostic carbon cycle model driven by National Centers for Environmental Prediction reanalysis daily climate data. We first characterized the individual contribution of temperature, precipitation, radiation, and vapor pressure deficit to interannual variations in carbon fluxes and then calculated trends in gross primary productivity (GPP) and net primary productivity (NPP). In tropical ecosystems, variations in solar radiation and, to a lesser extent, temperature and precipitation, explained most interannual variation in GPP. On the other hand, temperature followed by solar radiation primarily determined variation in NPP. Tropical GPP gradually increased in response to increasing atmospheric CO2. Confirming earlier studies, changes in solar radiation played a dominant role in CO2 uptake over the Amazon relative to other tropical regions. Model results showed negligible impacts from variations and trends in precipitation or vapor pressure deficits on CO2 uptake.

Changes of major terrestrial ecosystems in China since 1960

Yue, T.X. - Fan, Z.M. - Liu, J.Y. (2005)

Global and Planetary Change - Article in Press, available online 29 April 2005

Abstract: Daily temperature and precipitation data since 1960 are selected from 735 weather stations that are scattered over China. Digital elevation model of China is combined into Holdridge Life Zone (HLZ) model on the basis of simulating relationships between temperature and elevation in different regions of China. Spatial pattern of major terrestrial ecosystems in China and its change in the four decades of 1960s, 1970s, 1980s and 1990s are analyzed in terms of results from operating HLZ model. The results show that HLZ spatial pattern in China has had a great change since 1960. For instance, nival area and subtropical thorn woodland had a rapid decrease on an average and they might disappear in 159 years and 96 years, respectively, if their areas would decrease at present rate. Alpine dry tundra and cool temperate scrub continuously increased in the four decades and the decadal increase rates are, respectively, 13.1% and 3.4%. Warm temperate thorn steppe, subtropical wet forest and cool temperate wet forest shifted 1781.45 km, 1208.14 km and 977.43 km in the four decades, respectively. These HLZ types are more sensitive to climate change than other ones. These changes reflect the great effects of climate change on terrestrial ecosystems in China.

Short-term effects of clearfelling on soil CO2, CH4, and N2O fluxes in a Sitka spruce plantation

Zerva, A. - Mencuccini, M. (2005)

Soil Biology and Biochemistry - Article in Press, available online 28 April 2005

Abstract: We examined the effects of forest clearfelling on the fluxes of soil CO2, CH4, and N2O in a Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr.) plantation on an organic-rich peaty gley soil, in Northern England. Soil CO2, CH4, N2O as well as environmental factors such as soil temperature, soil water content, and depth to the water table were recorded in two mature stands for one growing season, at the end of which one of the two stands was felled and one was left as control. Monitoring of the same parameters continued thereafter for a second growing season. For the first 10 months after clearfelling, there was a significant decrease in soil CO2 efflux, with an average efflux rate of 4.0 g m−2 d−1 in the mature stand (40-year) and 2.7 g m−2 d−1 in clearfelled site (CF). Clearfelling turned the soil from a sink (−0.37 mg m−2 d−1) for CH4 to a net source (2.01 mg m−2 d−1). For the same period, soil N2O fluxes averaged 0.57 mg m−2 d−1 in the CF and 0.23 mg m−2 d−1 in the 40-year stand. Clearfelling affected environmental factors and lead to higher daily soil temperatures during the summer period, while it caused an increase in the soil water content and a rise in the water table depth. Despite clearfelling, CO2 remained the dominant greenhouse gas in terms of its greenhouse warming potential.

Soil carbon stocks and changes in the Republic of Ireland

Tomlinson, R.W. (2005)

Journal of Environmental Management 76 (1): 77-93

Abstract: The soil carbon (C) stock of the Republic of Ireland is estimated to have been 2048 Mt in 1990 and 2021 Mt in 2000. Peat holds around 53% of the soil C stock, but on 17% of the land area. The C density of soils (t C ha−1) is mapped at 2 km×2 km resolution. The greatest soil C densities occur where deep raised bogs are the dominant soil; in these grid squares C density can reach 3000 t C ha−1. Most of the loss of soil C between 1990 and 2000—up to 23 Mt C (1% of 1990 soil C stock)—was through industrial peat extraction. The average annual change in soil C stocks from 1990 to 2000 due to land use change was estimated at around 0.02% of the 1990 stock. Considering uncertainties in the data used to calculate soil C stocks and changes, the small average annual ‘loss’ could be regarded as ‘no change’.

Carbon stores, sinks, and sources in forests of northwestern Russia: Can we reconcile forest inventories with remote sensing results?

Krankina, O.N. - Harmon, M.E. - Cohen, W.B. - Oetter, D.R. (2004)

Climatic Change 67 (2-3): 257

Abstract: Forest inventories and remote sensing are the two principal data sources used to estimate carbon (C) stocks and fluxes for large forest regions. National governments have historically relied on forest inventories for assessments but developments in remote sensing technology provide additional opportunities for operational C monitoring. The estimate of total C stock in live forest biomass modeled from Landsat imagery for the St. Petersburg region was consistent with estimates derived from forest inventory data for the early 1990s (272 and 269 TgC, respectively). The estimates of mean C sink in live forest biomass also agreed well (0.36 and 0.34 Mg C ha-1 yr-1). Virtually all forest lands were accumulating C in live biomass, however when the net change in total ecosystem C stock was considered, 19% of the forest area were a net source of C. The average net C sink in total ecosystem biomass is quite weak (0.08 MgC ha-1 yr-1 and could be reversed by minor increases in harvest rates or a small decline in biomass growth rates.

A case study of carbon pools under three different land-uses in Panama

Potvin, C.P. - Whidden, E. - Moore, T. (2004)

Climatic Change 67 (2-3): 291

Abstract: This paper examines changes in carbon (C) pools associated with land-use, synthesizing data from two experiments dealing with different aspects of tree plantation establishment in Central Panama. First, we analysed soil profiles in a grazed pasture and an adjacent 5-year-old teak (Tectona grandis) plantation. Analysis of the 13C signatures in the pasture soils and litter showed that 90% to 95% of the organic matter in the surface 5 cm was derived from C4 pasture plants, over the 45 years since the pasture was converted from forest. Organic matter turnover times in the upper 10 cm of the soils ranged from 8 to 34 years and from 11 to 58 years in the upper 30 cm, depending on topographic location. The two ecosystems studied are estimated to be small CO2 sinks, 92 g,C,m-2 yr-1 for the pasture, and 57 g,C,m-2 yr-1 for native species plantation in the first year after establishment. The pastures response to seasonal change was more pronounced, both in term of CO2 fluxes and in term of herbaceous productivity, than the plantations response.


2) Forest and Climate Change News

Innovative Study Will Measure Residential Carbon Sequestration

America’s residential areas are expanding fast. But, despite this, scientists know little about how well fixtures of American residential life, things like standard-issue turf lawns, shade trees, marigold gardens and the inevitable evergreen “foundation plantings,” draw climate-changing carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere — a possibly significant oversight in national-scale estimates of carbon sequestration.

(From University of Vermont)

http://www.uvm.edu/~jcjenkin/jenkins%20and%20riemann%202003.pdf

Payout idea to save rainforests

Developing nations should be paid to preserve tropical rainforests as part of a drive to slow global warming, according to suggestions made at a two-day climate seminar in Bonn. Most efforts to rein in climate change have so far focused on curbing carbon dioxide emissions from cars, power plants and heavy industry. But Robert Aisi, Papua New Guinea's delegate at the 190-nation seminar which aims to widen the Kyoto Protocol on slowing climate change said: "Forests are our assets and should be valued."

For full story: www.amazonia.org.br/english/noticias/noticia.cfm?id=161341

African Drought and Global Warming

A new climate modeling study presented this week at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting in New Orleans suggests that much of Africa will experience increasing drought as global warming progresses in the coming decades.

(From techcentralstation)

http://www.techcentralstation.com/053105D.html

3) Forest and Climate Change Info & Events

UNFCCC: 4 new CDM afforestation and reforestation methodologies proposed

Four new proposed afforestation and reforestation methodologies were put forward to the CDM executive board. Public comments were received for two methodologies.

ARNM0007: Moldova Soil Conservation Project

ARNM0006: Bagepalli CDM Afforestation Programme

ARNM0005: The Mountain Pine Ridge Reforestation Project (MPR Project) – comment received

ARNM0004: 'Treinta y Tres' afforestation combined with livestock intensification – comment received

For the project design documents, baseline and monitoring methodologies as well public comments please see: http://cdm.unfccc.int/methodologies/ARmethodologies/publicview.html?OpenAll=1&cases=B

Working Session on Land Use and Bioenergy in the Clean Development Mechanism

FAO, in collaboration with Joanneum Research and the World Bank’s BioCarbon Fund, is organizing a working session for experts on bioenergy and land use in the CDM.

Date and venue: 30 June 2005, FAO headquarters in Rome,.

Please see for more detailed information: http://www.fao.org/sd/dim_en2/en2_050601a1_en.htm

A short background paper for discussion can be obtained by the organizers.

Contact:

Ingmar Jürgens, Renewable Energy/Climate Change

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Tel: +39 06 570 53639
ingmar.juergens@fao.org

Workshop on Land-use related choices under the Kyoto Protocol: Options for defining “forest” and electing activities under the Kyoto Protocol Article 3.4

Graz, Austria, May 1 – May 4, 2005

Two months after entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, representatives from 21 Annex B Parties, including many Central and Eastern European countries, from the EC, and from Australia met in a workshop co-organized by Joanneum, FAO and the EU to prepare decisions that Annex I countries must take before the first commitment period. By the end of 2006, developed country Parties to the Kyoto Protocol must choose minimum values for parameters that define “forest” within the ranges provided in the Marrakech Accords. They must also elect activities from the available options “forest management ”, “ cropland management ”, “grassland management ”and “ revegetation ” to account for carbon accumulation through vegetation and soils. Countries must also decide if and how to integrate land- and forest owners in national climate change regimes. In addition, countries must have in place no later than by the end of 2007, systems for monitoring and reporting carbon sources and sinks, including forests. New Zealand, Canada and Switzerland seem to have tackled the tasks most actively. In other countries, decisions and preparations appear more rudimentary. The workshop was therefore timely and raised so much interest that not all those interested could be accommodated.

Workshop results are available at:

http://www.joanneum.at/CarboInvent/workshop/presentations.html

Honduras: Resultados del taller nacional sobre la definición forestal en los proyectos del MDL

Honduras, Tegucigalpa, 3 y 4 de mayo del 2005

Organizado por: AFE-COHDEFOR, FAO, Agenda Forestal Hondureña y SERNA

Resumen: En el marco del Mecanismo del Desarrollo Limpio las actividades forestales que pueden aplicarse para generar créditos de carbono en el primer período de cumplimiento se limitan a actividades de forestación y reforestación. Siendo definidos como la “conversión de no-bosque para bosque”, merece atención la pregunta ¿qué es bosque? El Acuerdo de Maraquesh define bosque por su forma morfológica. Los países miembros del Protocolo de Kyoto tienen que seleccionar valores a aplicarse a la vegetación de la cobertura de copa, de la altura potencial y del área mínima para definir bosque en el ámbito del Protocolo de Kyoto. La selección es pre requisito para participación en el MDL. El taller nacional en Honduras sobre la definición forestal en los proyectos del MDL por tanto hace parte de un proceso para cumplir con un compromiso internacional, y también es un paso importante en la preparación de Honduras para participar en el MDL.

Para más informaciones, las presentaciones y resultados: http://www.agendaforestalhn.org/fnpp/index.htm

Contacto: afh@sdnhon.org.hn

Honduras: Results of the national workshop for the definition of forest for AR projects under the CDM

English summary: For the first commitment period of the Kyoto protocol the only eligible LULUCF activities under the clean development mechanism are afforestation and reforestation. Since these two activities are generally defined as the conversion of land that has not been forested for certain periods of time to forested land, the question on how to define “forest” merits special attention. The Marrakech accords do this in a morphological way and give a range of forest definitional values for minimum height, area and crown cover. As one precondition to participate in the CDM, parties to the Kyoto protocol have to determine nationally the parametric values and report them to the UNFCCC prior to 2007. The workshop in Honduras for the definition of forest under the CDM has been an important step towards compliance with an international treaty and to prepare the country for the emerging opportunities evolving by the clean development mechanism.

For more information, presentations and results (in Spanish):

http://www.agendaforestalhn.org/fnpp/index.htm

Contact: heiner.vonluepke@fao.org

Forestry and Climate Change Policy Course

EcoSecurities will run the 2005 edition of its Forestry and Climate Change Policy Course on July 15th in Oxford, UK. This one-day course will give a comprehensive overview of all aspects of policy and market developments in relation to carbon trading from and with forestry projects. It will cover international rules and regulations regarding carbon forestry projects, as well as carbon finance issues and technical aspects such as carbon modelling and accounting. The course will discuss forestry based climate change mitigation measures under the Kyoto Protocol's Flexibility Mechanisms (JI & CDM) and domestically.

For more information: www.proforest.net.

Adaptation in practice – examples please!

A group of researchers at the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research are busy compiling an inventory of examples of adaptation in practice in the UK. They are seeking examples in the water, construction, land use (including agriculture, biodiversity conservation and forestry) and transport sectors. These will be entered into the inventory, which will be available via the UKCIP website after May 2005. If you have an example of adaptation that would be suitable for inclusion, please contact: e.boyd@uea.ac.uk

4) New Publications

Legal Aspects of Implementing the Kyoto Protocol Mechanisms - Making Kyoto Work

Edited by David Freestone and Charlotte Streck (2005)

Oxford University Press, 696 pages

Abstract: The first protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in Kyoto in 1997. It is a unique international law instrument which sets stringent, legally binding targets for the reduction of emissions of the "greenhouse gases" (primarily carbon dioxide) which contribute to climate change. The targets are unprecedented in an environmental agreement and will involve substantial financial commitment in virtually all industrialized countries. This is also the first international agreement to include "economic instruments" to assist parties to meet the targets. These economic instruments, known as the "Kyoto Mechanisms" or the "flexibility mechanisms" are joint implementation, the Clean Development Mechanism, and emissions trading.

Drawing on the emerging body of expertise in this complex area, this book conveys knowledge of what is becoming known as 'Carbon Finance'. It thereby aims to contribute to the development of the market for carbon emission reductions - one of the objectives of the Kyoto mechanisms.

Realizing the Development Dividend: Making the CDM Work for Developing Countries

International Institute for Sustainable Development, Canada (2005)

The IISD report had been prepared in collaboration with TERI and is the result of an extensive process of multistakeholder consultations.

Abstract:
The CDM has a host of objectives not directly related to climate change; it aims to bring host countries socio-economic and environmental benefits through technology transfer and foreign direct investment. In short, it aims to deliver a "development dividend." This report assesses the state of the emerging CDM regime, asking whether current trends presage a strong performance in this context. It addresses three concerns:

- That the quality of the projects (in terms of sustainable development benefits) is not what it might be;
- That the quantity of CERs generated is not what it needs to be, and;
- That the distribution of investment is skewed in ways that exclude the poorest developing countries.

The paper concludes that the CDM has the potential to deliver a strong development dividend, but that reforms are urgently needed. It offers a number of concrete recommendations.

The report can be downloaded at:
http://www.iisd.org/climate/global/dividend.asp.

5) Climate Change jobs

Ph.D. Studentship available immediately at University of Toronto

A Ph.D. student is sought who will work with an interdisciplinary group studying the dynamics of wood debris (WD) in eastern boreal forests of Canada, specifically focussing on implications for carbon and wildlife management. Project goals are to: 1) use longitudinal and cross-sectional approaches to measure the temporal progression of WD decay and WD carbon stocks, 2) undertake sampling of above- and below-ground carbon stocks at selected study sites; 3) use the resulting data and a process-based carbon model to investigate implications of scenarios of wood retention and biomass harvesting for carbon supply and fluxes, ecosystem productivity, and biological diversity. The student will be supervised by Dr. Jay Malcolm at University of Toronto and Dr. Changhui Peng at the University of Quebec at Montreal (UQAM).

Dr. Jay Malcolm

Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto

Tel: 416-978-0142; Fax : 416-978-3834

E-mail : jay.malcolm@utoronto.ca

Dr. Changhui Peng

Canada Research Chair (Environment Modelling), Institiute of environment sciences

University of Quebec at Montreal (UQAM)

Tel :(514) 987-3000 ext. 1056#; Fax: (514) 987-4718

E-mail:peng.changhui@uqam.ca

UNFCCC: Informations Systems Officer and IT Programmer

VA 05/E013: Information Systems Officer P-4

Methods, Inventories and Science

Deadline for applications: 24 June

Short-term announcement (three to six months) - local recruit - IT Programmer P-2

Methodology Unit, Cooperative Mechanisms

Deadline for applications: 12 June

For information please see: http://unfccc.int/secretariat/employment/vacancies/items/1216.php

Senior International Fellow at the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Arlington, Virginia, USA

The Pew Center on Global Climate Change seeks a highly qualified and committed individual to work with the International team on policy analysis and outreach.

Starting Date: July/August 2005 (flexible)

Responsibilities Include:

o Research and analyze international climate policy issues

o Work on oversight and editing of Pew Center reports

o Coordinate planning and logistics for workshops, briefings, and other events

o Monitor international and national (outside the U.S.) climate policy developments

o Establish and maintain relations with representatives of governments, institutions, and stakeholders engaged in international climate policy

o Conduct outreach at international climate negotiations and other meetings and conferences

o Assist with administrative tasks as needed

Application Deadline: June 15

Send resume and cover letter to:

Elliot Diringer, Director of International Strategies

c/o The Pew Center on Global Climate Change

2101 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 550

Arlington, VA 22201

Or electronically in a Word Document to: jorgec@pewclimate.org

World Resources Institute

Research Analyst, Corporate Climate Change Strategies; Sustainable Enterprise Program

Carbon Capture & Storage Associate; Climate and Energy Program

Associate; Climate and Energy Program

Research Analyst, Corporate Climate Change Strategies; Sustainable Enterprise Program

For more information on these four posts: http://joblist.wri.org/

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)


The Air Pollution Program of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, Austria is offering a position for an analyst to join the team to model the interactions between air pollution control and greenhouse gas mitigation.

For more information on this post: http://www.iiasa.ac.at/Admin/PE/Jobs/2005-07-tap-rsta.html

For further information about this initiative, please contact Dr. Markus Amann at amann@iiasa.ac.at or Dr. Fabian Wagner at wagnerf@iiasa.ac.at.


Closing date for applications: 15 July 2005

Policy Analyst, Domestic Climate Change

Washington, DC-based environmental think tank seeks a Policy Analyst to undertake policy analysis, writing and outreach related to state climate change policy and the design of future international climate approaches. Ideally we are looking for a candidate with a Master’s degree in public policy, economics or a related field and five years of experience. Candidate must have strong writing and analytical skills as well as political experience or networking skills. Candidate must have a good understanding of air quality and climate mitigation options, the international climate policy framework, and emissions trading.

Please send resumé and short writing sample to:

Tagg Hutchinson. thutchinson@ccap.org
Fax: 202-408-8896

Attention: Domestic Policy Analyst

Center for Clean Air Policy, 750 First Street, NE, Suite 940, Washington, DC 20002

6) Websites of interest

Launch of the new Gold Standard website

The Gold Standard has launched its new website at: http://www.cdmgoldstandard.org/

The Gold Standard was recently launched as an independent, NGO-backed tool to support quality offsets in the carbon market. It was originally initiated by WWF and is the only market-ready tool for carbon buyers seeking high quality certificates that have broad backing from NGOs as well as other stakeholders. Integrated into the CDM and JI project cycle, it uses established screening methodologies to strengthen the environmental integrity of the flexible mechanisms without substantially elevating transaction costs. Gold Standard credits mean less risk for investors and fair carbon prices for project developers whilst directly supporting sustainable development strategies in host countries.

More information can be found on the new website as well as a range of materials such as an updated Gold Standard Project Design Document, manuals for developers and validators.

USAID: Global Climate Change website

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) recently launched its Global Climate Change website. This new site provides a wealth of information about the Agency’s Global Climate Change Program which aims to integrate climate change into USAID’s development programs. The site includes information on policies and programs, annual reporting, publications and outreach, and country narratives. It also features information on the following sectors: clean energy technology, land use and forestry, adapting to climate variability and change, capacity building, and climate science for decision-making. Finally, the site provides links to various climate change related documents and reports, as well as links to other U.S. Government climate change efforts.

Please see: http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/environment/climate/

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Thank you for your contributions to this Issue: Changhui Peng, Ingmar Juergens, Jan Fehse

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The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current information and experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts and non-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis of contributions, indicating how to obtain more detailed information on the topic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Resources Division, Forest Conservation Service (FORC).

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