No. 2/2005

1) Research Articles on Forest and Climate Change

2) Forest and Climate Change News

3) Forest and Climate Change Info & Events

4) New Publications

5) Climate Change jobs

6) Websites of interest


1) Research Articles on Forest and Climate Change

Deforestation and Carbon Emissions at Tropical Frontiers: A Case Study from the Peruvian Amazon

Lisa Naughton-Treves, L. (2004)

World Development 32 (1): 173-190

Abstract: This paper analyzes the impact of national development policy on land cover change and associated carbon fluxes at a Peruvian Amazon frontier. Remote sensing and field transects reveal changes in forest carbon stocks and accumulation rates. Deforestation was most rapid along the Interoceanic Highway during 1986¿91 when credit and guaranteed markets were available, resulting in emissions of 708,000 Mg C yr−1, of which 14% was offset by secondary regrowth. Despite continued population growth, deforestation slowed during 1991¿97 when fiscal austerity measures were imposed, resulting in emissions of 389,000 Mg C yr−1, of which 41% was offset by regrowth. Strategies to conserve frontier forests are compared in terms of carbon, biodiversity and economic costs and benefits.

Carbon budget estimation in Central Amazonia: Successional forest modeling from remote sensing data

Neeff, T. - de Alencastro Graça, P.M. - Vieira Dutra, L. - da Costa Freitas, C. (2005)

Remote Sensing of Environment 94 (4): 508-522

Abstract: The carbon budget resulting from the dynamics of forest vegetation was estimated spatially for a study region with intensive land use change in the Central Amazonia forest. Vegetation height was recovered from airborne SAR interferometry, and was used along with an established relationship between forest height and age for mapping the successional stages of vegetation. A map of forest ages could be generated and validated (age RMSE was 3.5 years). Biomass stocks and annual rates of increment in biomass could be attributed to the forest ages by a comprehensive growth model for forests in the study area. A conceptual model of land use change was developed for the study area that accounts for four different types of land use: primary forest, secondary forest, degraded forest and nonforest. The transition probabilities between those land use types were recovered from internal modeling of available data, from literature sources, and from large-scale remote sensing results. The land use change matrix, area¿age densities of secondary forests, and a growth model, yield a spatialized estimate of the carbon budget. The committed emissions from annual land use change were computed.

Long-term effects of fire frequency on carbon storage and productivity of boreal forests: a modeling study

Thornley,-J.H.M. - Cannell,-M.G.R. (2004)

Tree physiology 24 (7): 765-773

Abstract: Climate change is predicted to shorten the fire interval in boreal forests. Many studies have recorded positive effects of fire on forest growth over a few decades, but few have modeled the long-term effects of the loss of carbon and nitrogen to the atmosphere. We used a process-based, dynamic, forest ecosystem model, which couples the carbon, nitrogen and water cycles, to simulate the effects of fire frequency on coniferous forests in the climate of Prince Albert, Saskatchewan. The model was calibrated to simulate observed forest properties. The model predicted rapid short-term recovery of net primary productivity (NPP) after fire, but in the long term, supported the hypotheses that (1) current NPP and carbon content of boreal forests are lower than they would be without periodic fire, and (2) any increase in fire frequency in the future will tend to lower NPP and carbon storage. Lower long-term NPP and carbon storage were attributable to (1) loss of carbon on combustion, equal to about 20% of NPP over a 100-200 year fire cycle, (2) loss of nitrogen by volatilization in fire, equal to about 3-4 kg N ha-1 year-1 over a 100-200 year fire cycle, and (3) the fact that the normal fire cycle is much shorter than the time taken for the forest (especially the soil) to reach an equilibrium carbon and nitrogen content. It was estimated that a shift in fire frequency from 200 to 100 years over 1000 Mha of boreal forest would release an average of about 0.1 Gt C year-1 over many centuries.

Longitudinal variation of radial growth at Alaska's northern treeline - recent changes and possible scenarios for the 21st century

Wilmking, M. - Juday, G.P. (2005)

Global and Planetary Change - available online 13 January 2005

Abstract: The northern treeline is generally limited by available warmth. However, in recent years, more and more studies have identified drought stress as an additional limiting factor for tree growth in northern boreal forests and at treelines. Three growth responses to warming have been identified: increase in growth, decrease in growth, and nonsignificant correlation of tree growth with climate. Here we investigate the effect of drought stress on radial growth of white spruce at northern treelines along a longitudinal gradient spanning the entire Brooks Range in Alaska. Where possible, we sampled three site types at a given site: high-density forest, low-density forest, and floodplain forest. In the western part of our study area, we found very high numbers of trees responding with increase in growth to recent warming; while in the eastern part, trees responding with decrease in growth to recent warming are predominant. Within a given site, more trees reacting positively to warming grow on site types characterized by low tree density. These patterns coincide with precipitation decreases from west to east and local water availability gradients, therefore pointing to drought stress as the controlling factor for the distribution of trees responding with increase or decrease in growth to recent warming. This study highlights the importance of regional-scale investigations of biosphere¿climate interactions, since our results indicate a substantial gain in aboveground biomass as a result of future warming only in the western regions; while in the eastern regions, climate warming will decrease overall wood production and therefore carbon uptake potential.

Global biomass mapping for an improved understanding of the CO2 balance¿the Earth observation mission Carbon-3D

Hese, S. - Lucht, W. - Schmullius, C. - Barnsley, M. - Dubayah, R. - Knorr, D. - Neumann, K. - Riedel, T. - Schröter, K. (2005)

Remote Sensing of Environment 94 (1): 94-104

Abstract: Understanding global climate change and developing strategies for sustainable use of our environmental resources are major scientific and political challenges. In response to an announcement of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) for a national Earth observation (EO) mission, the Friedrich-Schiller University Jena and the JenaOptronik GmbH proposed the EO mission Carbon-3D. The data products of this mission will for the first time accurately estimate aboveground biomass globally, one of the most important parameters of the carbon cycle. This mission will reduce uncertainties about net effects of deforestation and forest regrowth on atmospheric CO2 concentrations and will also provide key biophysical information for biosphere models.

Estimation of biomass and net primary productivity of major planted forests in China based on forest inventory data

Zhao, M. - Zhou, G.-S. (2005)

Forest Ecology and Management - available online 5 January 2005

Abstract: Reforestation and afforestation have been suggested as an important land use management in mitigating the increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration under Kyoto Protocol of UN Framework Convention on climate change. Forest inventory data (FID) are important resources for understanding the dynamics of forest biomass, net primary productivity (NPP) and carbon cycling at landscape and regional scales. In this study, more than 300 data sets of biomass, volume, NPP and stand age for five planted forest types in China (Larix, Pinus tabulaeformis, Pinus massoniana, Cunninghamia lanceolata, Pouulus) from literatures were synthesized to develop regression equations between biomass and volume, and between NPP and biomass, and stand age. Based on the fourth FID (1989¿1993), biomass and NPP of five planted forest types in China were estimated. The results showed that total biomass and total NPP of the five types of forest plantations were 2.81 Pg (1 Pg = 1015 g) and 235.65 Mg ha−1 yr−1 (1 Mg = 106 g), respectively. The area-weighted mean biomass density (biomass) and NPP of different forest types varied from 44.43 (P. massoniana) to 146.05 Mg ha−1 (P. tabulaeformis) and from 4.41 (P. massoniana) to 7.33 Mg ha−1 yr−1 (Populus), respectively. The biomass and NPP of the five planted forest types were not distributed evenly across different regions in China. Larix forests have the greatest variations in biomass and NPP, ranging from 2.7 to 135.37 Mg ha−1 and 0.9 to 10.3 Mg ha−1 yr−1, respectively. However, biomass and NPP of Populus forests in different region varied less and they were approximately 50 Mg ha−1 and 7¿8 Mg ha−1 yr−1, respectively. The distribution pattern of biomass and NPP of different forest types closely related with stand ages and regions. The study provided not only with an estimation biomass and NPP of major planted forests in China but also with a useful methodology for estimating forest carbon storage at regional and global levels.

Carbon offsets as an economic alternative to large-scale logging: a case study in Guyana

Osborne, T. - Kiker, C. (2005)

Ecological Economics - available online 2 February 2005

Abstract: The objective of this study is to analyze the economic viability of carbon-offset projects that avoid logging in Guyana's forests. The results of this case study illustrate the cost effectiveness of alternative land-use options that reduce deforestation and associated greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This analysis demonstrates that using Guyana's rainforests for climate change mitigation can generate equivalent revenue to that of conventional large-scale logging without detrimental environmental impacts. At a 12% discount rate, the break-even price for carbon is estimated to be about US$ 0.20/tC. This estimate falls toward the low range of carbon prices for existing carbon offset projects that avoid deforestation.

Secondary forests as temporary carbon sinks? The economic impact of accounting methods on reforestation projects in the tropics

Olschewski, R. - Benítez, P.C. (2005)

Ecological Economics - available online 9 February 2005

Abstract: Tropical forestry is often not competitive with agricultural land uses such as pasture for cattle ranching. Additional revenues from carbon sequestration generated by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol can change this situation. In three different zones of north-western Ecuador, minimum compensation payments for carbon sequestration were determined, which would make reforestation a feasible land-use alternative. Based on our findings that these minimum prices depend on the net benefit of the respective land-use alternatives, and on the accounting regimes for CDM sink projects, we applied the accounting rules for temporary and long-term Certified Emission Reductions (CER) to two reforestation projects: forest plantation and natural regrowth of secondary forest. A comparison of these alternatives showed that secondary forest is an attractive alternative under both accounting regimes because of its low establishment costs and relative early timber revenues. After identifying the zone most suitable for carbon sink projects, we calculated net benefits of land-use changes in the event that certain prices for emission reductions were actually paid. We found that secondary forest becomes economically attractive, if the price of permanent credits is above $4.5/tCO2, whereas forest plantations require permanent CER prices of $7.0/tCO2. In both cases, the results are within the price margins forecasted by various institutions for the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.

2) Forest and Climate Change News

Cambio Climático-Brasil: Deforestación amazónica en cuestión

RÍO DE JANEIRO, 16 feb - Brasil celebra con orgullo la vigencia del Protocolo de Kyoto, porque participó decisivamente en la "construcción de este momento¿ y está contribuyendo a reducir el cambio climático, dijo a IPS el ministro de Ciencia y Tecnología, Eduardo Campos. Pero los ambientalistas no están satisfechos y reclaman más esfuerzo del mundo y de Brasil, especialmente para contener la deforestación de la Amazonia, la mayor fuente nacional de gases de efecto invernadero.

(from TierraAmerica)

Third meeting of the Afforestation and Reforestation Working Group (AR WG): Consideration of proposed new methodologies for Afforestation and Reforestation

UNFCCC Headquarters, 25-26 January 2005

Methodologies considered: The AR WG considered two submitted proposals for new AR methodologies, and recommended both for rejection by the CDM Executive Board. In the case of the Mountain Pine Ridge Reforestation Project (ARNM0001), this was mainly due to flaws of the baseline; eligible area for reforestation as determined in the PDD could not be reproduced. The proposed baseline methodology was deemed as non-persuasive in terms of additionality; the monitoring methodology built upon an inappropriate baseline scenario was rejected. A weak baseline and an monitoring methodology also lead to rejection of the ¿Reforestation Project Using Native Species around AES-Tiete Reservoirs (Brasil)¿ (ARNM0002).

Screening criteria: The working group agreed on criteria to be used in the screening process to assess proposed new methodologies and started discussions on a tool to assess and determine additionality of AR project activities.

The meeting report, the recommendations as well as the criteria for screening of methodologies can be found at:

3) Forest and Climate Change Info & Events

Kyoto Protocol enters into force: implications for forestry

On the 90th day after the ratification by Russia, the Kyoto Protocol entered into force on 16 February 2005. The fourth National Communication by Annex I countries under the UNFCCC is due by January 1 2006, which means that it will be the first after the entry into force of the Protocol. The information to be reported and which is relevant for forestry includes:

    ¿ By no later date than January 1 2007, Parties must have in place national systems for the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks, including forests. Reporting must cover:

    o roles of various agencies in relation to the inventory development process, as well as the institutional, legal and procedural arrangements made to prepare the inventory;

    o a description of the process for collecting activity data, for selecting emission factors and methods, and for the development of emission estimates,

    ¿ Parties must also in accordance with Article 2 of the Protocol address policies and measures implemented, among them promotion of forest management, afforestation and reforestation.

    ¿ Each Party included in Annex I shall provide a description of any national legislative arrangements and administrative procedures that seek to ensure that the implementation of afforestation and reforestation and, if elected, forest management contribute to the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable use of natural resources.

Annex I Parties are also requested to submit annual greenhouse inventories, which include information on emissions and removals from land use, land-use change and forestry. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the supplementary information under Article 7.2 described above will complement the annual inventories for the purposes of demonstrating compliance towards the targets. This information will be reported through a set of tables (CRF tables) which will be tested in the next three years.

In addition, Parties shall report by 1 January 2007 information for the calculation of their assigned amount, which for LULUCF includes:

    ¿ Single definition of the term ¿forest¿ by the selection of a minimum tree crown cover between 10 and 30 %, a minimum land area threshold between 0.05 and 1 hectare and a minimum tree height threshold between 2 and 5 metres.

    ¿ Select any or all of the following human-induced activities under Article 3.4 in the first commitment period: revegetation, forest management, cropland management, and grazing land management.

Reporting will affect the calculation of the assigned amount of those parties whose LULUCF sector constituted a net source of emissions in 1990. These Parties will add emissions from deforestation in 1990 to the total emissions of the base year.

Proposed network of Afforestation / Reforestation project developers

In the frame of the Encofor project ( "ENvironment and COmmunity based framework for designing afFORestation, reforestation and revegetation projects in the CDM: methodology development and case studies" we would like to aid the methodology development by creating a network among projects of similar nature. This way we believe that significant synergy can be achieved. This initiatives aims to create a network among teams with similar project types.

If you are interested in this network, please respond.

Joanneum Research
Elisabethstrasse 5, 8010 Graz, Austria
Phone: +43 316 876 1316

Simposio: Plantio direto e meio ambiente: Sequestro de Carbono e Qualidade da Água

Federação Brasileira de plantio direto na palha

Data: 18 a 20 de maio de 2005

Rafain Palace Hotel - Foz do Iguaçu ¿ PR


O objetivo deste evento é subsidiar pesquisadores, profissionais e produtores, com informações sobre seqüestro de carbono e qualidade da água via sistema plantio direto, propiciando maior conhecimento e conscientização, permitindo assim, o avanço da discussão de temas como: mudanças climáticas relacionadas ao efeito estufa; os aspectos ambientais, econômicos e sociais ligados ao seqüestro de carbono e qualidade da água via plantio direto e ainda, despertar o interesse de empresas e investidores no novo paradigma de negócios, que inclui o respeito ao meio ambiente e a melhoria da qualidade de vida.


Pesquisadores, professores, técnicos, ambientalistas, produtores, estudantes e interessados no mercado de carbono.

Número de participantes
: 500.

Programação técnica:

Mais informações


2005 MTNCLIM Conference

Chico Hot Spings (USA), from March 1¿5, 2005

MTNCLIM is a new biennial research conference, sponsored by the Consortium for Integrated Climate Research on Western Mountains (CIRMOUNT), dedicated to mountain climate sciences and effects of climate variability on ecosystems, natural resources, and conservation in western North American mountains. The first conference, MTNCLIM 2005, will feature invited and contributed talks, poster sessions, and action-oriented working-group sessions. A post-conference workshop, ¿Climate 101¿ will address implications of climate variability and change to natural resource managers.

Place: MTNCLIM 2005 will be held March 1-4, 2005, at Chico Hot Springs Historic Resort, in Pray, Montana, near Yellowstone National Park and a one-hour drive from Gallatin Airport in Bozeman, MT.

MTNCLIM 2005 Participation: Open to all scientists, students, managers, policy makers and other professionals interested in mountain climate sciences, their effects on ecosystems and interactions with resource management, conservation, policy, and society.

For programme and registration:

How to evaluate the impacts of AR CDM projects?

Global Change Group, CATIE, Costa Rica

There is no consensus about how to evaluate the impacts of Afforestation and Reforestation CDM projects on climate and sustainable development. If standards or sets of criteria are to be used, project actors may disagree on the weights to be given to the distinct impacts. For instance, local actors may give more weight to the impacts on community (employment, capacity building¿), environmental NGO on biodiversity (use of exotic species, protection of threatened species¿) and credit buyer on climate (permanence, leakage¿).

The Global Change Group of CATIE (Costa Rica) is conducting a survey on how CDM actors perceive the impacts of forest carbon projects. The questionnaire will only take 10 minutes of your time. For more information and for answering the questionnaire, please follow the direction below. Please feel free to diffuse the direction among your colleagues. We appreciate your contribution.

In English:

En Français:

En Español:

Pierre Colliere, Bruno Locatelli

Survey on incentives for GHG mitigation activities in agriculture and forestry

As part of the EU-funded project CarboInvent (, a survey is carried out on incentives for the implementation of climate-change mitigation activities in agriculture and forestry in Annex I countries. This survey is not restricted to countries that are Parties to the Kyoto Protocol. While the survey concentrates on Annex I countries under the UNFCCC, any submissions that cover non-Annex I countries are also welcomed.

It would be highly appreciated if you would help by filling in our questionnaire at

Please return your answers by March 11th. Participants will receive the results before public release in early May 2005.


4) New Publications

A review of carbon sequestration projects

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2004)

Summary: The document aims to review projects on carbon sequestration implemented in different regions of the world. It has been prepared within the framework of a FAO-Global Mechanism (GM) joint programme on Carbon Sequestration Incentive Mechanisms to Combat Land Degradation and Desertification. The ongoing programme started at the beginning of 2002 with the aim of collecting, assessing and elaborating information materials concerning the use of carbon sequestration in drylands. Although few studies and projects have been conducted in these areas, the various projects that have been implemented in other agro-ecological regions of the world can provide useful information for the development of carbon sequestration projects in drylands.

To download the publication:

Mainstreaming Biodiversity and Climate Change - Proceedings of the Asia Regional Workshop

Dharmaji, B. - Pisupati, B. - Baulch, H. (2003)

IUCN-Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia

Summary: The repercussions of climate change on ecosystems are likely to be considerable, particularly given that natural ecosystems are already affected by a multitude of other human induced stressors. However, climate change rarely receives consideration in the national strategies and action plans and other conservation plans for the protection and management of endangered and threatened species of flora and fauna. Ecosystems reflect their local climates. So as the climate changes, ecosystems too will change. These changes will occur at all scales, from increasing respiration rates driven by changes at the cellular level to the biome level where boundaries will change over time due to altered precipitation patterns and changes in temperature. Given the uncertainties inherent in climate prediction and the complexity of biological systems, our understanding of how climate will affect ecosystems and species is quite rudimentary.

To obtain a copy, contact:

Bhujangarao Dharmaji

Regional Coordinator-SACNET &

Senior Programme Officer

IUCN - Regional Biodiversity Programme, Asia



The Cost of U.S. Forest-based Carbon Sequestration

Stavins, R. - Kenneth Richards, K. (2005)

Pew Center report

Summary: When and if the United States decides on mandatory policies to address global climate change, it will be necessary to decide whether carbon sequestration should be part of the domestic portfolio of compliance activities. The potential costs of carbon sequestration policies will presumably be a major criterion, so it is important to assess the cost of supplying forest-based carbon sequestration in the United States. In this report a survey of major studies was done, to examine the factors that have affected their carbon sequestration cost estimates, and synthesize the results. Three major conclusions emerge from the survey and synthesis:

1) There is a broad range of possible forest-based carbon sequestration opportunities available at various magnitudes and associated costs.

2) A systematic comparison of sequestration supply estimates from national studies produces a range of $25 to $75 per ton for a program size of 300 million tons of annual carbon sequestration.

3) When a transparent and accessible econometric technique is employed to estimate the central tendency (or ¿best-fit¿) of costs estimated in these eleven studies, the resulting supply function for forest-based carbon sequestration in the United States is approximately linear up to 500 million tons of carbon per year, at which point marginal costs reach approximately $70 per ton.

A 500-million-ton-per-year sequestration program would be very significant, offsetting approximately one-third of annual U.S. carbon emissions. At this level, the estimated costs of carbon sequestration are comparable to typical estimates of the costs of emissions abatement through fuel switching and energy efficiency improvements. This result indicates that sequestration opportunities ought to be included in the economic modeling of climate policies. It further suggests that if it is possible to design and implement a domestic carbon sequestration program, then such a program ought to be included in a cost-effective portfolio of compliance strategies when and if the United States enacts a mandatory domestic GHG reduction program.

To download:

5) Climate Change jobs

Job announcement - JI Project Manager at NEFCO/TGF

The Nordic Environment Finance Corporation (NEFCO) is seeking a JI professional to work as Project Manager for the Testing Ground Facility.

The tasks of the Project Manager will include all aspects of JI projects including project identification, assessment of project proposals, negotiation of contracts and supervision of projects. The Project Manager will be working independently but have the backup of NEFCO's experienced financing team. NEFCO's offices are located in Helsinki, Finland.

Candidates should have:

    - Experience of carbon projects;

    - A thorough understanding of the JI project cycle and the requirements according to the Kyoto Protocol;

    - Good communication, negotiation and presentation skills;

    - Ability to work independently as well as a team member;

    - Fluent spoken and written English, knowledge of a Scandinavian language and Russian are considered an asset.

To apply please send a CV and a cover letter not later than March 15, 2005. Applications may be sent by e-mail, fax or mail. For further information contact Harro Pitkänen, Managing Director, NEFCO by telephone +358 9 1800340 or email

International Research Institute for Climate Prediction Research Scientist/Associate Research Scientist

The International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI) at Columbia University is seeking an outstanding individual with excellent analytical abilities and a research background in climate impacts and related policy arenas.

The Research Scientist (RS)/Associate Research Scientist (ARS) will be responsible for leading the development and production of a flagship report series on climate and society. The report will help meet the needs of decision-makers and the public for peer-reviewed, policy-relevant scientific information on the consequences of climate variability for society and options for response.

The incumbent is also expected to pursue his/her own scientific interests on the use of climate information for sustainable development within the research framework of the IRI. Relevant areas include climate impacts, decision systems and institutions and policy related to IRI regional programs in Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

Candidates must have: a Ph.D. in natural or social sciences, engineering or the humanities and a minimum of two years of experience at the post-doctoral level (ARS), or six years at the post-doctoral level (RS). Post-doctoral experience must reflect a combination of research and applied work, preferably in sustainable development in matters related to climate. Prior experience with producing reports that pull together a consensus of scientific opinion for international decision-makers is highly preferred.

For more information, please visit:

Climate + Energy Services, Inc. - Policy Analyst

Summary Statement and Job Description: TC+ES Policy Analysts carry out client-driven research, analysis, and model development. They also track policy and technical developments; assess strategic options for TC+ES clients; participate in mitigation project evaluation and development; analyze the development and implementation of emissions trading systems; manage and write reports and other documents (internal, client-related, publications); and assist in firm marketing and client development. A senior analyst will work more directly with firm clients on strategic planning, manage client work products, manage projects and report development, and assume significant marketing responsibilities. Subject areas encompass global climate change, renewable energy, emissions trading, the Clean Development Mechanism, state and local policies and measures, and other climate change mitigation and energy policy initiatives. Policy Analysts have line responsibility for a variety of projects and need to have the personal flexibility to work on several projects simultaneously.

The job description can be found at:

Kommunalkredit Public Consulting

100% owned by Kommunalkredit, Austria Bank is recruiting a consultant for its team managing the Austrian JI/CDM Programme.

The consultant will evaluate and monitor JI/CDM projects, keep contact to national and international institutions in the field of climate change and participate in the further development of the Austrian JI/CDM programme in close cooperation with our client.

The ideal candidate will have:

- A Masters degree (or equivalent) preferably in business administration and at minimum - - 5 years of work experience;
- Experience in international project finance;
- Fluency in English and French, Spanish would be an advantage;
- Readiness to travel;
- Strong interpersonal and entrepreneurial skills, flexibility and readiness to take responsibility.

To apply, please send your CV and cover letter to Mrs. Augustin Lopata
+43-1-31631 575

For information about the Austrian JI/CDM Programme please see:

Senior Policy Analyst on International Team

The Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP), a non-profit environmental think tank in Washington, DC, is recruiting a Senior Policy Analyst on the International Team to contribute to CCAP¿s work on climate change policy in developing countries and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

The key responsibility is to oversee, manage, and contribute to a project involving researchers in 4-5 major developing countries, including: coordinating the research of in-country organizations in 4-5 countries; managing budgets; ensuring that work is completed within defined timelines; overseeing writing of in-country organizations; and contributing to a synthesis report of the in-country studies.

The ideal candidate will have a Master¿s degree in environmental policy, environmental economics, international relations, or natural resource management plus a minimum of five years of experience, or equivalent; in-depth understanding of current international climate policy issues; strong management, analytic and communication skills; and fundraising experience. Fluency in additional languages is a plus.

Interested candidates should send their resume and a writing sample to:

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FAO regularly offers 3-4 months internships to young professionals. Volunteers have usually completed their studies or an MS in a relevant discipline and finance their stay in Rome by third party grants. There is no remuneration. Young foresters interested in such a volunteer work experience in the area of forests and climate change should send CV and cover letter to:

6) Websites of interest

Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA)

The Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) is an international research initiative led by Brazil. LBA is designed to create the new knowledge needed to understand the climatological, ecological, biogeochemical, and hydrological functioning of Amazonia, the impact of land use change on these functions, and the interactions between Amazonia and the Earth system. The website displays an online library, information on projects, scientific conferences, publications as well as a news section.



Thank you for your contributions to this Issue: Claudio Forner, Till Neeff, Bhujangarao Dharmaji, Daniela Goehler, Bernhard Schlamadinger, Bruno Locatelli, Irene Urstroeger



The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current information and experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts and non-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis of contributions, indicating how to obtain more detailed information on the topic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Resources Division, Forest Conservation Service (FORC).





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