No. 3/2003


1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry 
2) Climate Change News
3) Climate Change Info & Events
4) Forestry and Climate Change Publications:
5) Web sites of interest:

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1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry

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"Increasing dominance of large lianas in Amazonian forests" Oliver L. Phillips, et al., pp.770 - 774, NATURE, VOL 418, 15 AUGUST 2002

Ecological orthodoxy suggests that old-growth forests should be close to dynamic equilibrium, but this view has been challenged by recent findings that neotropical forests are accumulating carbon and biomass, possibly in response to the increasing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide5,6. However, it is unclear whether the recent increase in tree biomass has been accompanied by a shift in community composition. Such changes could reduce or enhance the carbon storage potential of oldgrowth forests in the long term. Here we show that non-fragmented Amazon forests are experiencing a concerted increase in the density, basal area and mean size of woody climbing plants (lianas). Over the last two decades of the twentieth century the dominance of large lianas relative to trees has increased by 1.7- 4.6% a year. Lianas enhance tree mortality and suppress tree growth, so their rapid increase implies that the tropical terrestrial carbon sink may shut down sooner than current models suggest. Predictions of future tropical carbon fluxes will need to account for the changing composition and dynamics of supposedly undisturbed forests.

You can download the full text of this article from

http://www.geog.leeds.ac.uk/projects/rainfor/lianas.pdf

The following two other articles are also of interest:

- "CHANGES IN GROWTH OF TROPICAL FORESTS: EVALUATING POTENTIAL BIASES", O. L. PHILLIPS, et al., Ecological Applications, 12(2), 2002, pp. 576-587

This article helps to confirm results of a 1998 paper in Science, which showed that old-growth neotropical forests contribute a substantial carbon sink (ca. 0.5 Gt per year)


- "An international network to monitor the structure, composition and dynamics of Amazonian forests (RAINFOR)", Malhi, Y. et.al., Journal of Vegetation Science 13: 439-450, 2002

This article discusses a new international research monitoring network to quantify the carbon balance and forest change in Amazonia

For further information, please consult the RAINFOR web site:
http://www.geog.leeds.ac.uk/projects/rainfor/

Or contact Dr. Oliver Phillips (oliverp@geog.leeds.ac.uk), Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation, School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, U.K.
tel. +44 (0)113-3436832, fax. +44 (0)113-3433308

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2) Climate Change News

______________________________

- China to Hold Int'l Symposium on Climate Change 7 March (People's Daily)
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200303/07/eng20030307_112858.shtml

- Dutch announce first CO2 trading projects for Kyoto 14 March (PlanetArk)
http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/20152/story.htm

-Chinese wind farm makes Kyoto profits from Dutch 14 March (PlanetArk)
http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/20156/story.htm

- Finland's greenhouse gas emissions surge in 2002 14 March (PlanetArk)http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/20153/story.htm

- Germans experiment with emissions trading, prices 13 March (PlanetArk)http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/20144/story.htm

- EU Ministers Urge Russia to Ratify Climate Protocol 5 March (ENS)
http://ens-news.com/ens/mar2003/2003-03-05-01.asp

Arctic data cast doubt on climate change theory 2 March (Canadian Press)http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1046647333160_76/?hub=SciTech

__________________________________

3) Climate Change Info & Events

__________________________________

- CLIMATE CHANGE; Science, Impacts and Responses
31 March - 4 April 2003 at Imperial College London

A 5-day modular programme to help professionals understand the business impact of climate change from underlying science to business responses. It will provided an in-depth understanding of various aspects of climate change in a concentrated period and gives those attending an opportunity to discuss the issues relevant to them.

Delivered by a range of experts of international renown and experience, who can address this multi-facetted issue from a variety of standpoints. This programme will be of interest to all who have a responsibility or obligation to understand the impact for their business.

We hope this programme will be of interest to you and your colleagues and please visit our web site on  www.imperial.ac.uk/cpd/climate.htm

For more detailed information please contact us on Tel: 020 7594 6886, Fax: 020 7594 6883 or by email: u.wernmark@imperial.ac.uk.

- the 14th Annual Earth Technologies Forum, April 22-24, 2003, Washington, DC

The Preliminary Conference Program has been posted at www.earthforum.com. The Forum will be held at the Hyatt Regency on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC. You may register online to attend the Forum.

 Please support the Forum by making your hotel reservations at the Hyatt Regency on Capitol Hill before March 24. You can be linked to the Hyatt website or call 202-737-1234. Please identify yourself as an ETF participant to get the special rate. There is still time to reserve a booth for the

______________________________

- China to Hold Int'l Symposium on Climate Change 7 March (People's Daily)
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200303/07/eng20030307_112858.shtml

- Dutch announce first CO2 trading projects for Kyoto 14 March (PlanetArk)
http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/20152/story.htm

-Chinese wind farm makes Kyoto profits from Dutch 14 March (PlanetArk)
http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/20156/story.htm

- Finland's greenhouse gas emissions surge in 2002 14 March (PlanetArk)http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/20153/story.htm

- Germans experiment with emissions trading, prices 13 March (PlanetArk)http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/20144/story.htm

- EU Ministers Urge Russia to Ratify Climate Protocol 5 March (ENS)
http://ens-news.com/ens/mar2003/2003-03-05-01.asp

Arctic data cast doubt on climate change theory 2 March (Canadian Press)http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1046647333160_76/?hub=SciTech

__________________________________

3) Climate Change Info & Events

__________________________________

- CLIMATE CHANGE; Science, Impacts and Responses
31 March - 4 April 2003 at Imperial College London

A 5-day modular programme to help professionals understand the business impact of climate change from underlying science to business responses. It will provided an in-depth understanding of various aspects of climate change in a concentrated period and gives those attending an opportunity to discuss the issues relevant to them.

Delivered by a range of experts of international renown and experience, who can address this multi-facetted issue from a variety of standpoints. This programme will be of interest to all who have a responsibility or obligation to understand the impact for their business.

We hope this programme will be of interest to you and your colleagues and please visit our web site on  www.imperial.ac.uk/cpd/climate.htm

For more detailed information please contact us on Tel: 020 7594 6886, Fax: 020 7594 6883 or by email: u.wernmark@imperial.ac.uk.

- the 14th Annual Earth Technologies Forum, April 22-24, 2003, Washington, DC

The Preliminary Conference Program has been posted at www.earthforum.com. The Forum will be held at the Hyatt Regency on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC. You may register online to attend the Forum.

 Please support the Forum by making your hotel reservations at the Hyatt Regency on Capitol Hill before March 24. You can be linked to the Hyatt website or call 202-737-1234. Please identify yourself as an ETF participant to get the special rate. There is still time to reserve a booth for theexhibition. See the website or call for more information.

 The Earth Technologies Forum is co-sponsored by the US Environmental Protection Agency, US Department of Energy, US Agency for International Development, Australian Greenhouse Office, Environment Canada, Industry Canada, Netherlands Reduction Plan for the Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases, International Climate Change Partnership, Alliance for Responsible Atmospheric Policy, World Business Council for Sustainable Development, International Emissions Trading Association, United Nations Environment Programme, and United Nations Development Programme.

 If you have any additional questions, please call 703-807-4052, or e-mail earthforum@alcalde-fay.com.

[from climate-l]

- The eighth meeting of the CDM Executive Board took place in Bonn on 19 and 20 March 2003. The report of this meeting is available on the UNFCCC CDM web site http://unfccc.int/cdm.

- a description of the United States Global Climate Change Policy, released by the US Department of State

http://www.gcrio.org/OnLnDoc/pdf/climate_policy.pdf

__________________________________

4) Forestry and Climate Change Publications:

__________________________________

- Tropical Deforestation And Global Warming: JRC scientists defend their deforestation and carbon emissions estimates. In the Feb.14 issue of SCIENCE JRC researchers respond to claims that they have underestimated carbon emissions from tropical deforestation.

"Response to Comment on "Determination of Deforestation Rates of the World's Humid Tropical Forests" , Eva HD Achard F, Stibig HJ and Mayaux P.  SCIENCE Vol 299 14 Feb. 2003 p.1015
Available at:
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/299/5609/1015b

- Proceedings of the SECOND EXPERT MEETING ON HARMONIZING FOREST-RELATED DEFINITIONS FOR USE BY VARIOUS STAKEHOLDERS, Rome, 11 -13 September 2003

As a follow-up to the first Expert Meeting held in January 2002, the Second Expert Meeting on Harmonizing Forest-related Definitions for Use by Various Stakeholders was jointly organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in collaboration with the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) at FAO Headquarters, in Rome, from 11 to 13 September 2002. The proceedings are available:

English: http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y4171E/Y4171E00.HTM

Spanish: http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y4506S/Y4506S00.HTM

French: http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y4506F/Y4506F00.HTM

- "An Emerging Market for the Environment: A Guide to Emissions Trading" authored by Erik Haites offers a step-by-step approach to emissions trading to allow readers to build their understanding of both the environmental and economic aspects of the subject. The Guide provides asimple theoretical model of an emissions trading system, covers the various types of emissions trading system designs, and presents examples of existing systems.

Published by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the UNEP
Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment (UCCEE) and the
UNCTAD/Earth Council Carbon Market Programme, the Guide is available at
http://www.uneptie.org/energy/publ/emissiontrading.htm
,
http://www.uccee.org/ETguide/GuideEmissionsTrading.pdf
and
www.unctad.org/ghg

[from climate-l]

- "Establishing National Authorities for the CDM: A Guide for Developing Countries" Christiana Figueres, Editor. Published by the International Institute for Sustainable Development and the Center for Sustainable Development in the Americas. Copublished by: Center for Sustainable Development in the Americas.

CSDA draws upon its rich experience in Latin America to produce this stepby- step guide for developing countries interested in establishing a National Authority. It is written from the perspective of developing countries and focuses primarily on the institution-building activities related to CDM.

The document is available at:

http://www.cckn.net/pdf/cdm_national_authorities.pdf

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5) Web sites of interest:

_______________________

 - AIR POLLUTION AND FOREST HEALTH NOTES FROM AROUND THE WORLD

http://www.eco-systems.org/air_pollution_notes_from_other_places.htm 

AIR POLLUTION AND FOREST HEALTH NOTES FROM AROUND THE WORLD that illustrate the global nature of air pollution / climate change and the serious effects on forest ecosystems around the world. 

Gerry Hawkes writes, "I assembled these global notes after decades long observation of progressively worsening air pollution related forest decline and death in my home state of Vermont (see http://www.eco-systems.org/vermont.htm ) . I welcome any additional observations and photos on forest health and air pollution from anywhere in the world.  Maybe if we build a large enough body of evidence we can convince reluctant governments that urgent action is needed to curb air pollution / climate change before ecosystems are damaged beyond their ability to recover.   Please email observations and photos to Gerry Hawkes ghawkes@eco-systems.org"

 

- CARBON TRADE, a homepage of the German Chamber of Commerce related to activities of the Inter-Chamber Commitee on Carbon Trade.

www.carbontrade.com.br

A test version of the "CDM Brazil" website is also online. www.cdmbrazil.com.br

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Thank you for your inputs for this issue: Oliver Phillips, Ulrika Wernmark, Gerry Hawkes, Hugh EVA and Frederic ACHARD

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The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current information and experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts and non-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis of contributions, indicating how to obtain more detailed information on the topic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Products Division (FOP).



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last updated:  Friday, March 19, 2004