1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry
2) Climate Change News
3) Climate Change Info & Events
4) Forestry and Climate Change Publications:
5) Climate change jobs:
6) Web sites of interest:

No. 2/2003

1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry


"Accounting methods for carbon credits: impacts on the minimum size of CDM forestry projects", Bruno Locatelli (CIRAD-CATIE) & Lucio Pedroni (CATIE), the Global Change Group (CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica, www.catie.ac.cr)  

Carbon storage in forests is not permanent. The leading paradigm among negotiators of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is that non-permanence should be addressed by an appropriate carbon credits accounting method. This paper reviews and discusses these methods, and presents a model that calculates the minimum area that an hypothetical forest plantation project should have to be able to cover its transaction costs with the revenues from sales of Certified Emission Reductions (CERs). The model allows comparison of different accounting methods under various sets of parameters on project management, transaction costs and prices of CERs.
Model results show that under current carbon price and average transaction costs, small scale projects (< 500 hectares) are excluded from the CDM, whatever accounting method is used. Ton-year accounting is the least-risk method for the climate, but its adoption would exclude plantation projects from the CDM, unless the price of CERs would be substantially higher, or the scale of the projects would be very large.
Equivalence-adjusted average carbon storage (ACS) accounting appears to be a more favorable method for the projects, but it embeds high risks for the climate. If discounting to account for climatic risks is high, ACS accounting can strongly disadvantage the projects. Temporary crediting appears to be the most favorable approach to account for non-permanent carbon storage in forests, and also for project profitability. However, several interpretations of this accounting method are still possible. None of them address the problem of the price of credits with finite lifetimes. If the price of permanent carbon credits (CERs) will increase in the future ? as this could happen ? Annex 1 countries will have little or no incentive to buy short-lived carbon credits because at their expiration these would have to be replaced with new and more expensive credits. Therefore, if temporary crediting would be adopted as the official accounting method for the CDM, there is a risk that forest plantations would not benefit from an attractive CDM market.

To request a free electronic copy of this paper in pdf format, you can write Bruno Locatelli at blocatel@catie.ac.cr <mailto:blocatel@catie.ac.cr>


2) Climate Change News


- Emission credits to curb Denmark's CO2 pollution 28 February (Planet Ark)http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/19988/story.htm

- UK's Blair demands new push on climate change 26 February (Planet Ark)http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/19957/story.htm

- IPCC Head Urges Greater Effort From Poor Countries 21 February (UN Wire)

- IPCC Prepares 2007 Report At Paris Meeting 20 February (UN Wire)

- Climate change set to impact global markets - report 19 February (Planet Ark)

- UK aims for big CO2 emission cuts by 2050 - report 25 February (Planet Ark)

- Tropical Deforestation And Global Warming: Smithsonian Scientist Challenges Results Of Recent Study 14 February (Science Daily/Smithonian Institute)







3) Climate Change Info & Events


- International Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Conference, March 2-4, 2003, the Sheraton Brussels, Brussels, Belgium organized by the Emissions Marketing Association (EMA),

Industry experts will provide various perspectives on the greenhouse gas markets, risk management, industry case studies and GHG business opportunities.  The International GHG Emissions Trading Conference also features the preconference course, ET101 - Introduction to Emissions Trading(tm).  Experienced emissions traders, as well as those just entering the industry, will benefit from this hands-on and interactive educational course.

Information on the International Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Conference including the conference program, registration form, hotel information and exhibitor information as well as detailed information on ET 101, are posted on the EMA website at www.emissions.org
[from climate-l]

- 3rd International Methane and Nitrous Oxide Mitigation Conference, Beijing, China, September 14-19, 2003

The Organizers of the 3rd International Methane and Nitrous Oxide Mitigation Conference announce the release of the Call for Papers.  You are invited to submit an abstract for formal review.  Abstracts are due no later than 28 February 2003.   Following the review, the Organizing Committee will notify authors of acceptance by 15 March 2003.

The 3rd International conference will have detailed discussions on important sources of methane and nitrous oxide, including landfills and sewage management, natural gas and oil systems, coal mining, and agriculture.  Attendees will participate in source-specific discussions on characterizing emission sources, using proven and innovative technologies to reduce emissions, and overcoming the barriers to project development.  Cross-cutting themes, such as monitoring and verification procedures,  the economics of mitigation, and multi-gas/multi-source analyses will be featured throughout the conference. Participation of international experts will help establish a global picture of the potential for expanded methane and nitrous oxide mitigation.

The Call for Papers may be viewed at
Further Information please visit the conference Web site at
(English) or
(Chinese) for the most current information.
Questions may be directed to
In the US: Mr. Clark Talkington at talkington.clark@epa.gov or +1.202.564.8969
In China: Ms. Liu Xin at cbmc@public.bta.net.cn or +86.10.8461.2010.

[from climate-l]


4) Forestry and Climate Change Publications:


- Prof. Gary Bull has pointed to some interesting publications:

1) Binkley C.S., D. Brand, Z. Harkin, G.Q. Bull, N. Ravindranath, M. Obersteiner, S. Nilsson, Y. Yamagata and M. Krott. 2002. Carbon sink by the forest sector - options and needs for implementation. Forest Policy and
Economics 4: 65-77.

2) Bull, G.Q.,  Z. Harkin and A. Wong. 2002. Development of a market for forest carbon in British Columbia.  In: Selling Forest Environmental Services: Market-based Mechanisms for Conservation. S. Pagiola, J. Bishop, &N. Landell-Mills (Eds.), London: Earthscan

3) Bull G.Q. Z. Harkin and A. Wong. 2001b.  What role should forest management play in the global climate change regime?  Policy.ca  Issue of the week: Jan 07th to Jan 14th, http://www.policy.ca/archive/20010108.php3

4) Bull G. Q. and Z. Harkin.  2002.  Establishing an institutional framework to support forest sinks projects under the clean development mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol.  In.  J. Xu and U. Schmitt (eds.) Payment Schemes for Environmental Services. Chinese Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development Task Force on Forests and Grasslands.  April 20-23, 2002, China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing, China. 36p and CD-ROM.

- February/March issue of the Australasian Emissions Trading Forum Review


Articles in this issue include:
Designing and Implementing a National Emissions Trading Scheme
This article outlines the design and implementation issues considered by the Council of Australian Governments' (COAG) Energy Market Review panel in reaching their recommendations in favour of national emissions trading.
Milestone for the Chicago Climate Exchange
The establishment of the CCX to trade in emission credits has reached a major milestone with founding members agreeing to a voluntary cap-and-trade program.
The World Bank's BioCarbon Fund
The World Bank recently launched the BioCarbon Fund, a public/private initiative to provide finance to projects that store carbon in vegetation and soils.

[from climate-l]

- A Tyndall Centre briefing note "The Special Climate Change Fund: Origins and Prioritisation".

The Special Climate Change (SCC) fund is designed to finance climate change activities in the areas of adaptation, technology transfer, certain specific sectors and activities to assist oil-exporting countries diversify their economies. This Tyndall Briefing Note describes the origins of the SCC fund and proposes a framework for the prioritisation of its activities.

The note is available in either html format (at http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/publications/briefing_notes/note05.shtml), or as a pdf file (at http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/publications/briefing_notes/note05.pdf). The
other documents in the Tyndall Briefing Note series are available online
at http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/publications/briefing_notes/briefing_notes.shtml.

[from climate-l]


5) Climate change jobs:


- Manager of International Programs/Senior Policy Analyst at the Center for Clean Air Policy, Washington, DC, USA

The Center for Clean Air Policy, a non-profit environmental think tank in Washington, DC, is recruiting a Manager of International Programs/Senior Policy Analyst to manage its international climate change program.

Key responsibilities include conducting original technical and policy analyses on international climate issues; supervising project team staff and consultants doing capacity building projects in developing and Central/Eastern European countries; representing CCAP at international conferences; fundraising; and strategic planning for the program.

The ideal candidate will have a Master'sdegree in environmental policy, environmental economics, international relations, or natural resource management plus a minimum of five years of experience, or equivalent; in-depth understanding of current international climate policy issues; strong management, analytic and communication skills; and fundraising experience.  Fluency in additional languages (particularly Spanish) is a plus.  Salary commensurate with experience.

Interested candidates should send their resume and a writing sample to the Center for Clean Air Policy, 750 First St. NE, #940, Washington, DC 20002, USA, fax +1-202-408-8896, e-mail mkittell@ccap.org, attention: Matt Kittell.  CCAP is an equal-opportunity employer.

[from climate-l]

- RESEARCH & POLICY ANALYST at the David Suzuki Foundation, Vancouver, Canada

The David Suzuki Foundation is a federally-registered Canadian charity which explores human impacts on the environment, with an emphasis on finding solutions.

We are currently seeking a Research & Policy Analyst to join our Climate Change and Energy team. For details, see below.

Position:       Research and Policy Analyst, Climate Change and Energy

Reporting:      The Research and Policy Analyst reports to the Climate Change Program Director. 

Description:    Contributes to the development of climate protection, clean energy and clean air policies. Includes writing, research and communication of specified policies, and developing briefs, reports, backgrounders and other materials; coordination of projects and publications. Participate in alliance building; and supervise contractors and volunteers.

This is a full-time position, and will commence as soon as possible. Salary range is $44,030 to $49,210 per annum (commensurate with experience). The Foundation offers a 4-day workweek as well as an extensive benefits package. Please note that the position is based in our Vancouver office.

Primary Responsibilities:
1. Policy development:
- Contribute to the development of climate protection, clean energy and clean air policies through research and analysis.
- Review policy-related literature to maintain current knowledge of climate science, climate policies and energy policies.
- Participate in briefings for decision-makers, media and others, and work effectively in meetings and committees both internally and externally.

2. Writing & Research:
- Monitor and analyze emerging policies and science as well as researching trends in climate protection, clean energy and clean air policies.
- Develop and prepare discussion papers, technical reports, briefing notes, presentations, correspondence, communications backgrounders.

3. Planning & Coordination:
- Contribute to overall campaign development including the public policy context.
- Undertake and coordinate projects outlined in the Climate Change Program workplan.
- Supervise and coordinate the publication of reports, and other projects, as required.
- Supervise contractors and volunteers.
- Organize and maintain related files.

4. Communications: Identify opportunities for earned media and public education.

5. Alliance building: Attend meetings and maintain ongoing contact with otherorganizations active in the climate change and energy field. Integrate information and assess the significance and implications of policy positions and strategies.

6. Other related duties, as required.

Skills & Qualifications:
- Expertise in and knowledge of current public and business policies on climate change, air pollution and/or energy sectors.
- Practical understanding of public policy development process and socio-economic analysis.
- Significant post-secondary education in related fields and/or comparable experience in these fields required.
- Strong project management skills
- Can balance reactive daily tasks with planning and stewarding longer-term projects
- Excellent verbal and written communication skills.
- Experience in NGO campaigning or similar activities and understanding of strategic communications and public education elements of NGO campaign work are very definite assets.
- Proven written and oral communication skills. Familiarity with technical writing and ability to interpret technical material for general audiences.
- Excellent research skills; ability to rapidly find accurate information.
- Ability to work independently, take initiative, keep on task and see projects to completion.
- Ability to work under stress and meet deadlines.
- Ability to work as a team player, providing support and collaboration.
- Ability to identify allies and maintain beneficial working relationships with allies from a variety of sectors.
- Familiarity with Excel, Powerpoint, and Word.

Application Process:
Please complete the application form available on our website: www.davidsuzuki.org/About_Us/Employment.

Closing Date:
Please submit your application to the HR & Administration Manager at the David Suzuki Foundation, #219-2211 West 4th Avenue, Vancouver, BC V6K 4S2 or fax 604-732-0752 by March 9, 2003.

We thank all applicants for their interest, but advise that only those selected for interviews will be contacted. To allow a fair competition, no phone inquiries will be accepted.

[from climate-l]


6) Web sites of interest:


- online version of the Global Warming: Early Warning Signs map


The map illustrates global climate change indicators or "hot spots" such as sea-level rise, melting glaciers, heat waves, floods, and shifting plant and animal ranges. 

- The US Global Change Research Program new online material such as Draft Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2001." Report (posted Feb 2003) from the US Environmental Protection Agency.



Thank you for your inputs for this issue: Bruno Locatelli, Gary Bull


The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current information and experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts and non-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis of contributions, indicating how to obtain more detailedinformation on the topic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Products Division (FOP).



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last updated:  Friday, March 19, 2004