1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry
2) Climate Change News
3) Climate Change Info & Events:
4) New Publications:
4) Saying Hello:
6) Websites of interest:

July 2002


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1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry


1. "German Forest Sector under Global Change"
Forstwiss. Centralblatt/German Journal of Forest Science

Volume 121, Supplement 1 (May 2002).

The recently published supplement of the journal Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt/German Journal of Forest Science documents the results of the research network "German Forest Sector under Global Change"(GFS), which was funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research from July 1997 to June 2000. The objective of the study was to investigate the nature and extent of possible impacts of global climate change on forests and the forest sector in Germany. The assessment was based on inventories of national forest resources as well as on several simulation models: the forest growth simulator SILVA 2.2, the forest patch models FORSKA-M and 4C, the forest scenario model ActioSilva, a forest estate model and a forest product market model. Three management strategies and two climate change scenarios were used for the assessment, which focused on the most common and economically most important forest types of Germany, representing 60% of the whole forest area in Germany.
The interdisciplinary collaboration and the development of a balanced integration framework for the impact assessment are quite unique in quantitative forest science. Thus the journal supplement documents significant progress in global change research in Germany, which was achieved by an interdisciplinary team of 26 scientists from 7 research groups. The project was co-ordinated by Dr. Marcus Lindner and Prof. Wolfgang Cramer of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.

Titles of the articles in the supplement are:

- German Forest Sector under Global Change: An interdisciplinary impact assessment

- Processing forest inventory data to establish a nationwide database for the estimation of the impacts of climate change on German forest and forestry

- Application and Evaluation of the Growth Simulator Silva 2.2 for Forest Stands, Forestry Enterprise and Large Regions

- Methodological approach to simulate and evaluate silvicultural treatments under climate change

- Regional estimation of forest stand parameters

- An Information System for the Evaluation and Spatial Analysis of Forest Inventory Data

- Simulation of management strategies in the forest estate model 'Germany'

- A conceptual methodology for simulating forest land use under legal constraints

- On the adaptability of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) to the projected change of climate in Germany

- Growth reaction of Norway spruce Picea abies [L.] Karst. and European beech Fagus silvatica (L.) to possible climatic changes in Germany. A sensitivity study

- Sensitivity of simulated forest growth to changes in climate and atmospheric CO2

- A Simulation Model for the German Forest Products Markets

- Integrating forest growth dynamics, forest economics and decision making to assess the sensitivity of the German forest sector to climate change

Note: No electronic copy of the paper is available. To order a copy, please contact the publisher at: customerservice@blackwell.de

For more information about the study, contact:
Dr. Marcus Lindner
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Telegrafenberg, P.O. Box 601203
14412 Potsdam, Germany

Tel.: +49-331-288 2677
Fax : +49-331-288 2695
e-mail: marcus.lindner@pik-potsdam.de
Project Homepage: http://www.pik-potsdam.de/~lindner/forestsector.html

2. National and Regional Climate Change Impact Assessments in the Forestry Sector, Edited by Marcus Lindner and Wolfgang Cramer

Forest Ecology and Management
Volume 162, Issue 1, 1 June 2002

Climate change is likely to affect forests and the forest industry during the 21st century. Different processes in forest ecosystems and the forest sector are sensitive to climate and many different projects have been conducted, in which the scale of study varied from the individual leaf to the whole globe.
Several attempts have been made to link impact models (e.g., ecological and socio-economic models), and to integrate them in national or regional climate impact assessment studies. However, integration of climate impact assessments for the forestry sector is still a relatively new issue on the research agenda.
 From November 10-13, 1999, the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and the European Forest Institute organised a workshop in Wenddoche near Belzig (Germany) to bring together individuals and research groups from the currently developing research community, to provide a forum for the exchange of experience, and to stimulate further research collaboration.

An important objective of the NIMA workshop was to review the state-of-the-art of integrated climate impact assessments in the forest sector. Three working groups were tasked with discussing the state of knowledge, the currently available methodology, and the remaining uncertainties regarding (i) scaling up impact assessments from stand to regional and national scale, (ii) integrating cross-disciplinary impact assessments, and (iii) climate impact assessments and policy making. Among the issues discussed were scaling up methodologies (e.g. simplification of information, application of models in scaling up, error analysis), different ways of integrating cross-disciplinary impact assessments (linking, coupling, and roofing of simulation models), how to deal with uncertainties, and what information climate impact assessments can provide to policy making.

The following articles are printed in the journal:
- National and regional climate change impact assessments in the
forestry sector

- The single tree-based stand simulator SILVA: construction,
application and evaluation

- Likely effects of climate change on growth of Quercus ilex, Pinus
halepensis, Pinus pinaster, Pinus sylvestris and Fagus sylvatica forests in
the Mediterranean region
- Assessing climate change effects on long-term forest development:
adjusting growth, phenology, and seed production in a gap model
- The sensitivity of Austrian forests to scenarios of climatic change:
a large-scale risk assessment based on a modified gap model  and forest
inventory data

- Regional impact assessment on forest structure and functions under
climate change: the Brandenburg case study
- An approach towards an estimate of the impact of forest management
and climate change on the European forest sector carbon budget: Germany as
a case study
- Temporal uncertainties of integrated ecological/economic assessments
at the global and regional scales
- Integrated forestry assessments for climate change impacts

Note: No electronic copy of the paper is available. Please refer to the printed journal for the articles.

For further information about the study, contact:
Dr. Marcus Lindner
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
Telegrafenberg, P.O. Box 601203
14412 Potsdam, Germany

Tel.: +49-331-288 2677
Fax : +49-331-288 2695
e-mail: marcus.lindner@pik-potsdam.de
Workshop-Homepage: http://www.pik-potsdam.de/cp/chief/nima.html

3. Lasse Ringius, "Soil Carbon Sequestration and the CDM: Opportunities and Challenges for Africa," Climatic Change 54: 471-495, 2002.

This paper examines soil carbon sequestration in developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa as part of regional and global attempts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and the possibility that the development of greenhouse gas mitigation projects will offer local ancillary benefits.
The paper documents the improvements in agricultural practices and land-use management in sub-Saharan Africa that could increase agricultural productivity and sequester soil carbon. During the first five-year commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, only afforestation and reforestation projects will be eligible for crediting under the Clean Development Mechanism, but soil carbon sequestration and broader sink activities could become eligible during subsequent commitment periods.
However, very few cost estimates of soil carbon sequestration strategies exist, and available data are not readily comparable. It is uncertain how large amounts of carbon could be sequestered, and it is unclear how well site-specific studies represent wider areas. It is concluded that there presently is a need to launch long-term (>10 years) field experiments and demonstration and pilot projects for soil carbon sequestration in Africa. It will be important to monitor all environmental effects and carbon 'costs' as well as estimate all economic benefits and costs of projects.

- No electronic copy of the paper is available. Please consult the printed copy of the journal for details.


2) Climate Change News


- Democrats call Bush global warming plan "baloney" July 12 (Tom Doggett/ Reuters/ENN)

- U.S., Australia Climate Plan Cuts No Emissions July 12 (ENS)

- Japan, EU agree on cutting greenhouse gasses, development aid at summit July 8 (CHISAKI WATANABE/Associated Press)

- Japan, Kazakhstan Strike Emissions Deal July 7 (Agence France-Presse/ UN Wire)

- Africa needs green growth to fight pollution, says U.N. July 05 (Paul Busharizi/ Reuters/ENN)

- US energy-related emissions down first time in decade July 1 (Planet Ark)

- US Senate panel passes first greenhouse gas curbs June 28 (Planet Ark)

- Global warming threatens US parks, waters - green group June 28 (Planet Ark)

- UK carbon emissions prices rise as trade picks up June 21 (Planet Ark)

- Global Climate Shift Feeds Spreading Deserts June 17 (ENS)

- EPA chief was left in the dark on U.S. climate report June 13 (Tom Doggett, Reuters/ENN)

- CLIMATE CHANGE: UNDP Backs Clean Development In Brazil, South Africa June 13 (UN Wire)


3) Climate Change Info & Events:


- USDA Symposium on Natural Resource Management to Offset Greenhouse Gas Emissions, November 2002

The USDA Forest Service Southern Global Change Program (Southern Research Station) will host the "USDA Symposium on Natural Resource Management to Offset Greenhouse Gas Emissions" in November 2002. The symposium will take place in Raleigh, NC at the North Raleigh Hilton November 19-21, 2002. Registration is open through July 15, 2002. Springer-Verlag New York will publish accepted papers from participants in a special print issue and electronic supplement of the journal "Environmental Management". Visit the symposium web site (http://www.sgcp.ncsu.edu/carbon2002/) to register and for more details.
Note: early registration has closed June 14, 2002.


4) New Publications:


- "Laying the foundations for clean development: preparing the land use
 sector. -- A quick guide to the CDM"

This new booklet written by EcoSecurities, the International Institute
for Environment and Development, and the Edinburgh Centre for Carbon  Management, provides information to forestry and land use audiences,  principally in developing countries, who want to find out more about the CDM and how it affects their activities. It introduces the existing policy and regulatory framework of the CDM. It offers guidance on the eligibility of different project activities. It lays out what countries can do to prepare for the CDM in the land use sector. And it looks to the future, providing insight into the wider implications and future developments of the CDM.

The booklet is also available in a website format, at www.cdmcapacity.org.

You can also download the pdf. version from this site and from  www.ecosecurities.com

- For further information relating to this, and other work on forests and
 climate change, please contact: Louise Aukland, Forestry Programme Manager, EcoSecurities Ltd. (Louise@ecosecurities.com)


4) Saying Hello:


Mr. Eleodoro Gutierrez Ibanez (alfogut@yahoo.com) of Chile writes (in Spanish):

"Estimados senores, junto con agradecer la informacion continuamente enviada ,que es de mucha utilidad profesional,agradecere enviar informacion y establecer contacto con personas que esten relacionadas con proyectos sobre sumideros de carbono en latinoamerica,proyectos de forestacion  y MDL en especial los relacionados con Bosque nativo. atentamente , Eleodoro Gutierrez Ibanez, Tecnico Universitario Forestal, SERMAFOR, Los Angeles-Chile"


6) Websites of interest:


- Integrated Method to Estimate the Carbon Budget of Forests http://www.efi.fi/projects/integrated/

A joint research project of scientists at the European Forest Institute (EFI) and the Finnish Forest Research Institute (Metla). This project, scheduled from 2001 to 2004, is a part of the Research Programme on Sustainable Use of Natural Resources (SUNARE) coordinated by the Academy of Finland.

- CDMCapacity.org

A useful website that provides information to forestry and land use audiences, principally in developing countries, who want to find out more about the CDM and how it affects their activities. It introduces the existing policy and regulatory framework of the CDM; offers guidance on the eligibility of different project activities; lays out what countries can do to prepare for CDM in the land use sector; and looks to the future, providing insight into the wider implications and future developments of the CDM.

- IIASA's full carbon accounting study (Austria)

The basis for the Kyoto policy process is incomplete and has far-reaching consequences. To overcome this shortfall, the International Institute for Applied Systems Analyses (IIASA's) Forestry Project <http://www.iiasa.ac.at/Research/FOR/>  offers its second full carbon accounting study, with Austria as the research area, and an uncertainty-based analysis with straightforward conclusions addressing the issue of partial versus full carbon accounting. The data is provided in the Austrian Carbon Database (ACDb).

- PROBASE briefing notes

The EU-funded research project PROBASE (Procedures for Accounting and Baselines for Projects under Joint Implementation and the Clean Development Mechanism) has posted on its Internet site http://www.northsea.nl/jiq/probase briefing notes on the following topics: Benchmark modelling, JI Baselines and the EU Accession Process, Leakage, Baselines in the Marrakech Text, Promoting small-scale projects under the CDM.

[From climate-l]


Thank you for your inputs for this issue: Aleksi Lehtonen, Eleodoro Gutierrez Ibanez, Lasse Ringius, Marcus Lindner, Ian McCallum, Louise Aukland, and Jennifer Moore.


The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current information and experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts and non-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis of contributions, indicating how to obtain more detailed information on the topic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Products Division (FOP).




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last updated:  Thursday, March 25, 2004