1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry
2) Climate Change News
3) Climate Change Info & Events
4) Job Opportunities
5) Opinions
6) Websites of interest:


No. 13/2001

12 October 2001


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1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry

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"Effects of New Zealand's climate change policies on the forestry sector Stage I: preliminary assessment" Report to Wood Processing Strategy Climate Change Group by NZ Institute of Economic Research (Inc.), September 2001

When discussing climate change policies, it is widely assumed that the forestry sector would gain from them due to the carbon sequestration benefits associated with forests. However, the analysis carried out in this report indicates negative consequences for the forest industry.

This report provides a review of the likely effects of future climate change policies on the New Zealand forestry industry, which include different sub-sectors such as forestry (planting and maintenance), logging, wood and wood products. It states that for the wood processing sector, the Kyoto Protocol will clearly bring a loss of international competitiveness relative to non-Annex-I countries. Although the picture is more complicated, the forestry sector also is likely to be negatively affected due to the following factors:

1) Over two thirds of NZ's total stock of managed forests had been planted before 1990. Implementation of climate change policies would reduce returns to these forests by subsidizing post-1990 forests and giving incentive to increase log supply in non-Annex I countries.

2) The Kyoto Protocol devalues pre-1990 forests as the option value of changing to a non-forest land use is reduced.

3) The value of future carbon credits and future log prices will determine the level of plantation forestry versus permanent forest cover. If carbon credit values increase, an increasing proportion of post-1990 forests is likely to be locked up as permanent cover.

4) The impact of introduction of sinks under CDM on the competitiveness of New Zealand's forest industries would be limited because of the conditions which CDM projects need to fulfill before such they are approved.

The second stage of this study proposes to develop quantitative models to calculate the effects on the supply of logs in New Zealand and the consequent price effects and the investment in wood processing capacity in New Zealand.

The paper can be downloaded from http://www.nzier.org.nz/ under NZIER Reports

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2) Climate Change News

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- INTERVIEW - UK's Meacher says hopes US accepts Kyoto
SOUTH AFRICA: October 11, 2001 (Ed Stoddard/REUTERS/PlanetArk)
http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=12766

- Marrakech climate talks to finalize Kyoto rulebook
UNFCCC Press Release October 9
http://unfccc.int/press/prel2001/pressrel091001.pdf

- Pacific islanders flee rising seas
9 October (BBC News Online/Alex Kirby)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/tech/newsid_1581000/1581457.stm

- Nike Vows Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions
WASHINGTON, DC, October 3, 2001 (ENS)
http://ens-news.com/ens/oct2001/2001L-10-03-06.html

- EU eases CO2 trading rules after industry pressure October 2
(Robin Pomeroy/REUTERS NEWS SERVICE /PlanetArk)
http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/12613/story.htm

- SURVEY - JAPAN: Battle to win public approval for 10 more nuclear plants
Sep 25 (BETHAN HUTTON/FT.Com)
http://globalarchive.ft.com/globalarchive/article.html?id=010925015056&query=emission+trading
Kyoto legislation to come in two stages 26.September (BRIAN FALLOW New Zealand Herald )
http://www.nzherald.co.nz/storydisplay.cfm?reportID=57030&storyID=218830

- Mirant commits $50 million to climate change initiatives September 19 (Environmental News Network)
http://enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/09/09192001/s_44980.asp

-Biodiversity shrinks as farm breeds die out September 18, 2001 (Reuters/ENN)
http://enn.com/news/wire-stories/2001/09/09182001/reu_farm_45000.asp

- Checks on Antarctica ice for global warming clues October 02 (Reuters/ENN)
http://enn.com/news/wire-stories/2001/10/10022001/reu_antartica_45125.asp

- New poll finds global warming opinion polarized by party September 17 (ENN)
http://enn.com/news/enn-stories/2001/09/09172001/global_44956.asp

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3) Climate Change Info & Events

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- FAO/IPCC/CIFOR EXPERT MEETING ON FOREST-RELATED DEFINITIONS

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION, JOINTLY WITH THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE, in cooperation with CIFOR, will host an EXPERT MEETING ON FOREST-RELATED DEFINITIONS in Rome, ROME, 23 - 25 January, 2002

Objective:
Forest-related definitions are reviewed and harmonized.

Background:
Much global or regional information on forest resources is derived from national data. FAO has therefore developed forest-related definitions for national inputs to globally aggregated forest assessments and outlook studies. The IPCC has developed forest-related definitions for use in issues common to land use, land use change and forestry and climate change. Other organizations have developed other definitions for other purposes, such as monitoring biological diversity in forests. There is a need to improve the compatibility and consistency of definitions in order to permit comparability and thus to improve the quality and usefulness of forest information, increase the synergy among organizations, and more effectively use scarce resources for information monitoring, assessment and reporting.

Major uses of forest-relation information at global and regional levels:
There is a need for globally- and regionally-aggregated information on forest resources and forest ecosystems to:

Define the concept of, and monitor progress toward sustainable forest management
Assess the role of forests in climate change
Assess the attributes and changes affecting forest biomes with respect to biological diversity
Analyze the social, economic and environmental roles of forests

The information required differs between users but with consistent and comparable definitions, it could be exchanged between different users.

Expected outputs of the Consultation:
Identification of key forest-related terms whose definitions are critical to international processes
Review of biome-specific forest definitions as well as those for the terms forest degradation and devegetation

Where possible, agreement on the definitions of these key terms; deriving on working alternatives or indication on how information using different definitions can be compared
Recommendations for consideration by relevant policy processes with respect to key definitions and their application
Planing of further steps to harmonize forest - related definitions.

Process:
Experts will be invited in their personal capacity, recognizing, however, that many participants will present viewpoints of their respective organization or country

To facilitate the process, the organizers will distribute background documents and the meeting will include presentations and working group discussions
The meeting will be held in English.

Participants:
Invited experts from key international organizations, NGOs and national institutions, and from among those nominated by governments. Limited financial assistance is available for experts from the developing and transitional economy countries.

Venue:
FAO Headquarters, Rome, Italy

- FAO Forest Resources Assessment Main report released on the web.

Find it at: http://www.fao.org/forestry/fo/fra/main/index.jsp .

A good starting point is, however, this news item that you also reach from the Forest Homepage:
http://www.fao.org/forestry/fo/NEMS/detail_event.asp?event_id=920

- IEA Bioenergy Task 38 Workshop Announcement: "Successful strategies for biomass-based GHG emissions reduction and mitigation: translating research into policy and implementation"

Date: 12-13 November 2001 (followed by Task-internal meeting on 14-16 November)
Location: Edinburgh, UK
Organized by: IEA Bioenergy Task 38 (Greenhouse Gas Balances of Biomass and
Bioenergy Systems)

For further details:
http://www.joanneum.ac.at/iea-bioenergy-task38/announcement.doc

or go to
http://www.joanneum.ac.at/iea-bioenergy-task38

and click on the link to "Workshop Announcement: Edinburgh, UK"

[from climate-l]

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4) Job Opportunities

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- Forestry and climate specialist, EcoSecurities Ltd.

EcoSecurities Ltd. is looking for an enthusiastic professional to join their forestry team, based in the UK main office in Oxford. The applicant must have an MSc in a related subject and a thorough understanding of the technical and policy issues associated with forestry and climate change. Additional requirements include: at least two years practical experience, a track record of project coordination, proven business development and contract securing skills, computer literacy, overseas work experience, excellent written English and an additional language is preferable (e.g. Spanish).

The successful candidate will be responsible for the marketing and implementation of the EDGE Forestry consultancy services as part of the forestry team. The salary for this position is £17,000 - 25,000 (depending on experience). Applicants should send a CV and covering letter to Louise@ecosecurities.com as soon as possible. Only applicants required for interview will be contacted. Interviews will be conducted in 4-8 weeks time.

EcoSecurities (ESL) is a rapidly expanding company specialising in the exciting new field of environmental finance. The company offers a range of technical, policy and financial services that enable clients to respond to the emerging regulatory pressure and market opportunities arising as a result of the increasing evidence of human induced climate change. With offices in the UK, the US, Holland, Brazil, Australia and Canada, and representatives in Malaysia and Argentina, the company has clients across the world and has a truly international feel. ESL employs a diverse group of people with experience in a range of fields including finance, trading, policy analysis, environmental technology, renewable energy, business and forestry. Despite its global presence the company is relatively small, resulting in a friendly and open working atmosphere. More information relating to our work and clients can be found on our website at www.ecosecurities.com

This advert was written on 12.10.01

- IISD Project Manager (replies and applications should be sent to info@iisd.ca.)

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (IISD)
INSTITUT INTERNATIONAL DU DÉVELOPPEMENT DURABLE (IIDD)

PROJECT MANAGER

IISD's vision is better living for all sustainably. Its mission is to champion innovation, enabling societies to live sustainably. IISD collaborates with partners around the world to produce internationally recognized research, and uses global electronic communications to disseminate its results.

We are seeking a project manager to help manage project(s) within the Climate Change group. The candidate will manage assigned projects including budgets and staff supervision, identify and initiate new projects and conduct research and writing on climate change and other issues as required. The projects focus on the linkages between climate change and sustainable development and require knowledge of the politics and economics of global climate change as well as issues relating to international development.

Qualifications: The candidate must hold a Master's / B.A. Honours degree in an appropriate field (such as international affairs, environmental science / studies or development economics), with 3 to 5 years of relevant experience. The Project Manager will have a demonstrated capacity for managing applied research projects, particularly managing the reporting and accountability relationship with donor agencies, managing budgets, and for working with minimal supervision. S/he should have proven experience with research projects in project initiation, proposal writing and development, project development, and fundraising; and be a team player with good interpersonal skills. Excellent writing skills, computer literacy and the ability to research and communicate via the Internet are essential. Fluency in English required, basic knowledge of Spanish desirable. Salary: $40,000 to $50,000 Cdn per annum. For further information on IISD, please visit our website at
<http://www.iisd.org>
IISD is committed to equal opportunity. Candidates must have appropriate employment authorization to work in Canada. Compensation is competitive and will be commensurate with skills and experience. Although we appreciate receiving all applications, only those candidates we wish to interview will be contacted.

Closing Date: October 15, 2001

Reply in confidence to Acting Manager, Human Resources and
Administration
6th Floor, 161 Portage Avenue East, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 0Y4
Fax: (204) 958-7710, E-mail: info@iisd.ca <mailto:info@iisd.ca>


[from climate-l]

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5) Opinions:
_______________________

Contribution by André Gabus:

"For Helping the Restoration of Degraded Tropical Forests:

ADD REVEGATION ACTIVITIES TO AFFORESTATION AND REFORESTATION AS CARBON SINKS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Without Further Delay"

The argument developed in this contribution reads as follows:

<Since defined as neither 'afforestation' nor 'reforestation', enrichment plantations in degraded natural forest are not qualifying for carbon sink crediting under the clean development mechanism. Because of scarce land availability, afforestation and reforestation projects offer poor opportunities in many developing countries although committed to improved forest management. By contrast, degraded areas when left unoccupied by illegal settlers in gazetted forests provide more possibilities for additional carbon uptake through revegetation activities. The strict rules now agreed in their principles for project approval under the clean development mechanism should prevent possible abuses from enrichment plantation projects in developing countries. This forestry activity disregarded in Bonn should deserve to be reconsidered in MARRAKECH under this new light.>

and concludes:

<To add revegetation to afforestation and reforestation projects in the clean development mechanism implies shifting a little bit the demarcation line of the Bonn compromise. It may well have some political cost; this should be however outweighed by reducing a discrimination against developing countries and offering them a potential to increase their contributions to climate mitigation. All stakeholders concerned, including those financing sustainable management, can expect to gain from conveying more value to degraded tropical forests through restoration activities and carbon sink crediting.>

The full comment can be downloaded from Forests & Derivates (F&D): http://www.mysunrise.ch/users/agabus/eff'endi/carbon/revegeta.html
Pour la version française, cliquer sur: http://www.mysunrise.ch/users/agabus/carbon/marakech.html

For more information, contact André Gabus (e-mail: agabus@bluewin.ch
website:F&D http://www.mysunrise.ch/users/agabus)

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6) Websites of interest:

_______________________

- Johannesburg Summit 2002
The official United Nations website for the ten-year review of the
United Nations Conference on environment and development.
http://www.johannesburgsummit.org/

- UNED Forum's Earth Summit 2002 Page
http://www.earthsummit2002.org/

- " Bonn fires up Kyoto" an article in ITTO's TROPICAL FOREST UPDATE
http://www.itto.or.jp/newsletter/v11n3/18.html

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Thank you for your inputs for this issue: André Gabus, Mark Brown, Wulf Killmann, Louis Auckland.

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The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current information and experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts and non-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis of contributions, indicating how to obtain more detailed information on the topic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Products Division (FOP).

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last updated:  Thursday, March 25, 2004