1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry
2) Climate Change News
3) Climate Change Info & Events
5) Jop Opportunities
6) Websites of interest


No. 9/2001

11 June 2001

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1) Research/Publication on Climate Change and Forestry

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1. "The Kyoto protocol and payments for tropical forest: An interdisciplinary method for estimating carbon-offset supply and increasing the feasibility of a carbon market under the CDM" by Alexander S. P. Pfaff et al., Ecological Economics 35 (2000) pp. 203-221

The international community to needs to decide whether to include tropical sinks in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), however, empirical evidence on the potential of tropical carbon sink is sparse.

The authors introduce an integrated approach in order to answer questions such as, "How valuable would carbon sequestration really be?" and "Can we create a credible, workable system to reward additional efforts to sequester carbon?"

This paper presents a general method for constructing an integrated model (based on detailed historical, remote sensing and field data) that can produce land-use and carbon baselines, predict carbon sequestration supply to a carbon-offsets market and also help to evaluate optimal market rules.

Creating such integrated models requires close collaboration between social and natural scientists. Their project combines varied disciplinary expertise (in economics, ecology and geography) with local knowledge in order to create high-quality, empirically grounded, integrated models for Costa Rica.

After introducing the issues, ecological and economic modeling are considered in section 2, data needs and approaches to data collection in section 3, integration of the disciplinary modeling and application to relevant policy scenarios in section 4 and sensitivity analysis on the models. Concrete examples are provided from their ongoing analysis of Costa Rica.

Corresponding author: Alexander S.P. Pfaff, ap196@columbia.edu ,tel:+1-212-8544190, fax: +1-212-8545765.

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2) Climate Change News

______________________________

<NEGOTIATIONS>

U.S.A.

-Bush Pushes Research on Global Warming

June 11, 2001(Mike Allen and Eric Pianin, Washington Post Service/IHT)

http://www.iht.com/articles/22493.html

- No Kyoto alternative seen from Bush on Europe trip

Thursday, June 7, 2001 (ENN/Reuters)

http://www.enn.com/news/wire-stories/2001/06/06072001/reu_kyotoalt_43929.asp?site=email 

- UPDATE - US hopes for alternative to Kyoto by June

USA: May 23, 2001 (Planetark/Reuters)

http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=10927

- US denies new energy plan fuels global warming

SWEDEN: May 23, 2001(Planetark/Reuters)

http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=10919

OECD

- OECD tries to avoid conflict over climate ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT:

May 17, 2001 (Financial Times)

http://globalarchive.ft.com/globalarchive/articles.html?id=010517001446&

- International Herald Tribune http://www.iht.com/articles/20165.html

EU

- Brussels push for sustainable development May 17, 2001 (Financial Times)

http://globalarchive.ft.com/globalarchive/articles.html?id=010517001437&query=kyoto 

- Tanaka, Fischer discuss ties BEIJING (Kyodo) Saturday, May 26, 2001

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20010526a3.htm

- Italy's New Government May Side with Bush on Climate June 5, 2001 (ENS)

http://ens.lycos.com/ens/jun2001/2001L-06-05-05.html

Australia

-Hill says European plans to support Kyoto are useless May 17 (AAP)

http://www.theage.com.au/breaking/2001/05/17/FFXXAQLETMC.html

Russia

-Russia Key Player in Race to Ratify Kyoto May. 16, 2001. (Moscow Times.com/Anna Raff)

http://www.moscowtimes.ru/stories/2001/05/16/043.html

China

-China blows cool on global warming May 17, 2001 (CNN.com)

http://www.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/asiapcf/south/05/17/maldives.china.globalwarm/index.html 

U.N.

- Annan Challenges US Policies 21 May, UNWire

http://www.unfoundation.org/unwire/unwire.cfm#9

The speech can be downloaded from:

http://www.unfccc.int/media/presse/sgspeech200501.pdf

<National Policies>

- Bush Is Revising Energy Policy to Address Global Warming

June 10, 2001 (NYT)

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/06/10/politics/10ENER.html

- In a Shift, White House Cites Global Warming as a Problem

June 8, 2001 (NYT)

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/06/08/politics/08WARM.html

- US NATIONAL ENERGY POLICY DOCUMENT can be found at:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/energy/

- Bush National Energy Policy Expands Nuclear, Oil Drilling, Renewables

WASHINGTON, DC, May 17, 2001 (ENS)

http://ens-news.com/ens/may2001/2001L-05-17-02.html

- Washington Post

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A39756-2001May17.html

- BBC

http://news6.thdo.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/business/newsid_1336000/1336544.stm

-BACKLASH HITS BUSH ENERGY POLICY WASHINGTON, DC, May 18, 2001 (ENS)

http://ens-news.com/ens/may2001/2001L-05-18-02.html

- Vulnerable Caribbean Nations Prepare for Global Warming

KINGSTON, Jamaica, June 4, 2001 (ENS)

http://ens-news.com/ens/jun2001/2001L-06-04-02.html

<Forests>

Peru Preserves Untouched Andean Rainforest in New National Park

LIMA, Peru, May 25, 2001 (ENS)

http://ens-news.com/ens/may2001/2001L-05-25-02.html

- Tree planting warning over global warming

23 May, 2001 (Alex Kirby/BBC News Online)

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/sci/tech/newsid_1347000/1347068.stm

GM pays millions to buy rain forest

May 16, 2001, 11:41PM

Bloomberg Business News / Houston Chronicle

http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/story.hts/business/912935

<Emissions Trading>

- Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Market Emerges in Chicago

CHICAGO, Illinois, May 30, 2001 (ENS)

http://ens-news.com/ens/may2001/2001L-05-30-02.html

<SCIENCE AND RESEARCH>

- Panel Warns Bush on Climate Change

Friday, June 8, 2001 (Katharine Q. Seelye and Andrew C. Revkin New York Times Service/IHT)

http://www.iht.com/articles/22274.html

(ENS) http://ens-news.com/ens/jun2001/2001L-06-07-06.html

(NYT) http://www.nytimes.com/2001/06/07/science/07WARM.html

Full report can be found at

http://books.nap.edu/books/0309075742/html/

or

http://books.nap.edu/html/climatechange/climatechange.pdf

- Experts argue over UN report on rising sea level, May 15 (Eva Sohlman/REUTERS/Planet Ark)  STOCKHOLM - Rising sea levels may not be connected to global warming and a U.N. report making the link is simplistic, a world authority on sea changes said yesterday.

http://www.planetark.org/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=10824

__________________________________

3) Climate Change Info & Events

__________________________________

- Full text of the report by the National Academy of Sciences  Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions (2001) by Committee on the Science of Climate Change

http://books.nap.edu/books/0309075742/html  

or

http://books.nap.edu/html/climatechange/climatechange.pdf

- A new report by International Project for Sustainable Energy Paths (IPSEP):

Technical Report: Cutting Carbon Emissions at a Profit: Opportunities for the U.S.

http://www.ipsep.org/ go to "Latest Report"

- A paper by FORM on the role of harvested wood trade in the LUCF Carbon Cycle Together with EFI/Alterra, FORM produced a paper on the role of harvested wood trade in the LUCF carbon cycle. Four methods of accounting wood products in an international perspective are analyzed in the present study. It came out that the accounting method may have a large impact on the way countries regard their trade in wood products. The paper will be published in June 2001 in Climatic Change.

People who are interested in a copy of the paper can send an e-mail to Richard Sikkema, via mailto:FORM@hetnet.nl  

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4) Opinions: on the recent press reporting of the Nature publications on forests and CO2

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"Dear CLIM-FO-L I am writing with an attached document from EcoSecurities which comments on the recent press reporting of last week's Nature publications on forests and CO2, that I thought you may want to add to your next mailing. I thought some of your readers may be interested given that I have received a number of queries about these papers in the last few days!
kind regards,
Louise"

Below are the comments:

'Sinks' and Climate Change.
Comment on recent reporting on last week's Nature journal.
By EcoSecurities Ltd.

EcoSecurities would like to express its concern over the quality of reporting that recently covered research published in the journal Nature. It is EcoSecurities' understanding that a number of leading newspapers and reporting agencies consistently misinterpreted the research that was being presented by the group of US scientists.
The papers by Oren et al and Shlesinger and Lichter, with comments by Davidson and Hirsch, describe the effects of carbon dioxide fertilisation on certain loblolly pine forest stands in the US. The authors point out that it is popular belief that forest ecosystems will respond to increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide with an increase in carbon sequestration through additional storage in vegetation and soils

 - a phenomenon termed 'carbon fertilisation'. The results presented show that other aspects, such as site factors (in particular site fertility), the turnover time of organic matter in the litter layer, and the lack of carbon accumulation in deeper soil layers, may restrict the potential for increased carbon uptake by forests in an atmosphere with elevated carbon dioxide levels.

This research provides an excellent insight into the potential reaction of forest ecosystems to elevated carbon dioxide levels, contributing to our understanding of such processes.  Unfortunately though, it is EcoSecurities belief that this research has been consistently misinterpreted and used against the role of forest ecosystems in the ongoing climate change policy negotiations. In our view, these conclusions are inappropriate because:

· it was never the carbon fertilisation effect alone which Kyoto policy-makers considered to be the GHG mitigation value of forests, and it was certainly not their understanding of carbon fertilisation which led them to include forestry within the Kyoto Protocol;

· in addition, as over 20% of all anthropogenic GHG emissions come from forest conversion and degradation - mainly in the tropics - the avoidance of deforestation is also a prime emission reduction measure; (it is interesting to note that, were many of the pessimistic 'sinks' comments to be followed quite literally, we would be better off cutting down remaining forests lest they contribute further to global warming!)

Given that the research in question focused on the specific issue of how forests will react to increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide, it is inappropriate to subsequently conclude that forests and land use have no role in the sequestration or avoided emission of greenhouse gases.

For more information, contact Louise Aukland, Forestry Programme
Co-ordinator, EcoSecurities Ltd., The Delawarr House, 45 Raleigh Park Road,
Oxford, OX2 9AZ,
Tel: (44) 1865 202635, Fax: (44) 1865 251438, www.ecosecurities.com

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5) Jop Opportunities

_______________________

- Specialist in Conservation Tillage and Conservation Agriculture

The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), a non-profit research and training organization, seeks a specialist at the Senior Scientist level in conservation tillage and conservation agriculture to work in the Natural Resources Program at CIMMYT's headquarters near Mexico City.

The Specialist will employ his/ her knowledge of conservation agriculture and conservation tillage to strengthen CIMMYT's global effort in the development and dissemination of resource conserving technologies, among them zero and reduced tillage, crop residue management, green manure cover crops, and sustainable crop rotations, with an emphasis in maize and wheat systems.

The Specialist will also provide leadership in research on links between conservation agriculture, and greenhouse gas emissions and global climate change. In this way, the Specialist will further CIMMYT's scope to help millions of people overcome poverty, hunger, and environmental problems.

The successful candidate will have proven experience with techniques of field agronomy and farmer experimentation with conservation agriculture practices, and with the development and adaptation of farm machinery and implements. Other important qualifications include experience with medium- or long-term experimentation, familiarity with measurement and modeling of greenhouse emissions, and excellent communications and writing skills in English.

Desirable qualifications include: fluency in languages other than English; the ability to work with skill and sensitivity in multicultural teams; and doctoral qualifications in an appropriate area, with a minimum of eight years of experience. The position will entail substantial international travel.

CIMMYT (http://www.cimmyt.cgiar ) has an annual budget of approximately US$ 35 million and more than 800 staff based in Mexico and 19 other countries.

Our research aims to increase the productivity and profitability of maize and wheat farming while protecting the natural resource base. CIMMYT is an equal-opportunity employer and strives for staff diversity in gender and nationality. The Center makes an effort to accommodate the needs of dual-career couples and has a work-based childcare facility at its Headquarters location in Mexico. CIMMYT's Headquarters are located on its main experiment station that is outside, but within easy reach of Mexico City, Mexico. The Center's salaries and benefits are competitive with those of other international institutions. Further information about CIMMYT and the CGIAR can be obtained via the Internet at http://www.cimmyt.mx , http://www.cimmyt.cgiar.org or http://www.cgiar.org

To apply, please send a letter of application with your recent curriculum vitae, including address, email and fax number, and supply letters of recommendation from three referees to the address below, by August 31, 2001 or until the position is filled (Reference 2001/03). For additional information about this position, contact Dr. Larry Harrington Director, Natural Resources Group (l.harrington@cgiar.org )

Human Resources Manager 
Reference Code 2001/03
CIMMYT, Int.
Apdo. Postal 6-641
Mexico, D.F. 06600 Mexico
Phone: (525) 804-2004; Fax: (525) 804-7558/9

Email: jobs-cimmyt@cgiar.org or jobs@cimmyt.exch.cgiar.org

Scott Justice
Affiliate Scientist
CIMMYT South Asia Regional Offfice
PO Box 5186
Kathmandu, Nepal
(977) 1 422773 voice
(977) 1 419352 fax

"Sustainable Maize and Wheat Systems for the Poor"
CIMMYT is part of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural
Research (CGIAR)

_______________________

6) Websites of interest

_______________________

- WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE NEW CLIMATE NOTES: Should development aid be

used to finance the Clean Development Mechanism?

http://www.wri.org/wri/cdm/devaidcdm.html

- The latest two weekly editions (see "Latest Weekly Postings) of Globalchange's compendium of new resources on the web related to global change are now available at: www.globalchange.org .

Highlights include: o Proposed legislation in the U.S. for carbon sequestration through land conservation practices; o Recent evidence of climate change impacts in Japan ecosystems, human health in the U.S., and freshwater supplies in Australia;

o The importance of biodiversity as a buffer against climate change impacts;

o New reports on the impact of climate change on agricultural productivity

and the viability of implementation of Kyoto without U.S. participation

[from Energy Forum ML]

- A statement by 16 national academies of science: The Science of Climate

Change

http://www.royalsoc.ac.uk/templates/statements/StatementDetails.cfm?statementid=138

At the initiative of the Royal Society, a group of sixteen national academies of science from all parts of the world has agreed a statement about the science of climate change. The statement endorses the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as the most reliable source of information on climate change and its causes. It calls for prompt action to be taken to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and recognises the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol as a small but essential first steptowards stabilising atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. The tatement was printed in Science on 18 May 2001.

- World Summit on Sustainable Development web site

www.johannesburgsummit.org

- The third edition of the IPIECA "Climate Change: A Glossary of Terms"

Go to http://www.ipieca.org/ and click on 'Glossary (PDF, 173K)

- IETA newsletter: ET Update - the first issue-

The International Emissions Trading Association, a non-government, non-profit association dedicated to the establishment of effective systems for GHG Trading, is releasing its first of a series of quarterly newsletters addressing the hot topics and internal activities related to Emissions Trading.

http://www.ieta.org/IETANewsletter_Issue1.pdf

[from Climate-L list]

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Thank you for your inputs for this issue: Louise Aukland and Richard Sikkema.

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The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current information and experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts and non-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis of contributions, indicating how to obtain more detailed information on the topic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Products Division (FOP).

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last updated:  Thursday, March 25, 2004