27 April 2001
1. "Forestry Issues outstanding from COP 6"
By Gareth Phillips, Edwin Aalders and Irma Lubrecht
In the notes and new proposals issued by Pronk following COP 6, the Chairman refers to "special concerns" and "issues" which arise from the implementation of afforestation and reforestation projects under the CDM.
Specifically, these are:
· Non-permanence (also accounting modalities in the "Note by the President")
· Social and environmental effects
· Scale (introduced in the "New Proposals")
· Definitions for Article 3.3 (removed in the "New Proposals").
The Parties were asked to decide to establish a process under the SBSTA to develop rules and modalities to deal with these issues.
Considerable progress in addressing these issues has already been made, and the authors believe that this progress has a significant bearing on the debate surrounding the inclusion of afforestation and reforestation projects in the CDM.
In Part I, this paper summarises the reasons why the "issues" have arisen and explains some of the solutions that could be used to address the issues.
Part II provides details of project related experiences gained through the validation and verification of a wide range of sinks based projects.
Permanence is addressed though accounting regimes. The main decision required by COP is whether to relate credits to stock changes, as in Annex 1 inventories and JI projects or to the real, long-term, measurable benefits that arise from carbon storage. If the first option is chosen, projects will be encouraged but it is likely that a small proportion of CERs will not be real. If the second option is chosen, afforestation and reforestation projects will generate very small amounts credits in the early years but virtually all credits will be real.
Social and environmental effects can be addressed through guidelines that require projects to identify and mitigate negative impacts. Individual host countries can determine exactly how far they expect projects to go in order to demonstrate that they contribute to sustainable development.
Activity-based leakage can be identified and managed.
Market-based leakage is harder to quantify but can be approximated. Conservation / deforestation projects are generally prone to very high levels of market-based leakage and this is one reason why COP 6 was right to rule conservation projects out of the CDM.
Additionality must be assessed for individual projects but there is little difference between the problems faced in afforestation and reforestation projects and other types of CDM projects.
Uncertainty can be managed through normal statistical procedures in the same way as variation around a mean would be handled in any other type of CDM project.
Scale is a non-issue. Once an accounting framework has been defined, the issue of scale will be resolved because the number of credits and the time over which they are delivered may be defined. The low cost of some CERs derived from afforestation / reforestation projects is irrelevant. Many other types of CDM projects are profitable without CERs revenues. The eligibility criteria for CDM projects include tests of additionality and if projects fulfil these criteria, they should be considered eligible. The expected volume of credits arising from sinks projects in the first commitment period has been over-inflated.
If you want to obtain an electronic copy of the above documents, make a request to Tina.Etherington@fao.org
For more information, contact Gareth Phillips (Gphillips@sgsgroup.com )
*Sweden may host talks on Kyoto compromise April 24(Reuters/PlanetArk)
*Climate Breakdown Pits USA Against the World April 23(ENS)
*U.N. climate conference laments U.S. opposition April 22 (CNN.com)
*US agrees to join new round of climate talks April 22
*US considers climate talks April 22 (FT.com)
*U.S. unlikely to budge on Kyoto Protocol in Bonn April 21 (Reuters)
*Equity Arguments Entangle Climate Change Negotiations April 18, 2001
*INTERVIEW - Japan minister to take Kyoto case to US public April 18, 2001
*Japanese Lawmakers Vote to Ratify Kyoto Protocol April 18, 2001 (ENS)
*Upper house adopts resolution on Kyoto Protocol April 18 (Kyodo )
*World to slow climate work after U.S. move Tuesday, April 17, 2001
*NATIONAL NEWS: Ministry plays down Prescott trip KYOTO DEPUTY LEADER
UNLIKELY TO BROKER DEAL ON CLIMATE CHANGE DURING US VISIT: Financial Times;
Apr 17, 2001
<SCIENCE AND RESEARCH>
Global warming is melting Australia's alpine snow April 23
Study: Protocol to aid GDP growth (Yomiuri Shimbun)
Dutch Claim 1st Flexible Climate Deal Under Kyoto Protocol, April 19, (ENS)
-Interactive Map of Greenhouse Gas Emissions - a new interactive map
The "Greenhouse Gases & the Kyoto Protocol" presents data and statistics collected by international institutions.
Using the map, any user can now evaluate the current state of emissions, and projections for the future. The data is available both as total emissions, and as emissions per citizen in each country that has signed the Kyoto protocol. It is also possible to zoom in and closer examine a specific part of the world, or to get a graph of the emissions covering a period of 20 years.
The website was developed by UNEP/GRID-Arendal in Norway, a United Nations Environment Programme information centre, and the website is also a part of the UNEP.Net environmental network.
For more information, please contact: Hugo Ahlenius, tel. +47-37035713,
email email@example.com or Åke Bjørke, tel. +47-37035711, email
Greenhouse Gases & the Kyoto Protocol
-INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: "GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGES DURING THE LATE QUATERNARY"
3-4 May 2001, Rome, Italy by Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei
The program includes sessions on the past climate, cliamte cycles, and mechanisms, processes and future implications, as well as a poster session.
For more information, refer to www.lincei.it or contact:
-BELIZE AND THE MESOAMERICNA BIOLOGICAL CORRIDOR PROJECT
From Anselmo Castaneda [firstname.lastname@example.org ]
The Mesoamerican Biological Corridor (MBC) is one the most important initiatives within the context of Central American integration and for the conservation of the biological diversity of the region. The project represents a challenge in terms of coordination between donors, governments and civil society to achieve its common objectives.
WHAT IS THE MESOAMERICAN BIOLOGICAL CORRIDOR PROJECT?
As adopted by the Presidents of Central America, the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor Project is " a system of land use planning comprised of natural areas under a special administration regime, nucleus zone, buffer zone, multiple use and interconnection areas; organized and consolidated to provide an array of environmental goods and services to the Mesoamerican society and the world; providing the social involvement in order to promote investment in the conservation and sustainable use of the natural resources, with the final intention of contributing to the better quality of life to the inhabitants of the region."
The Programme seeks to provide technical assistance that will allow the Mesoamerican governments and societies to jointly establish the MBC as a system that integrates, conserves and utilizes biodiversity within a framework of the priorities of economic, social and sustainable development.
The idea to create the MBCP first came about in 1992 when the Central American Commission of Environment and Development (CCAD is the Spanish acronym) ratified the Central American Agreement on Biodiversity; this agreement gave the mandate to develop the Mesoamerican System of National Parks and Protected Areas as an "effective mesoamerican biological corridor."
In 1996, the CCAD, with the technical and financial assistance of the UNDP/GEF developed the feasibility study to initiate the regional investment for the establishment and consolidation of the MBC. Eight countries in Mesoamerica are participating and include the four south eastern states of Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. In 1999 funding was received from the GEF through the UNDP to
initiate the progarmme for the consolidation this MBC. Other funding partners are the GTZ (German Aid Agency), United Nations Environmental Programme, World Bank and the governments of individual members countries.
While Belize is participating on a regional basis, there have been two individual national corridors (northern and southern) that have received investments as medium-sized grants from the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) through the World Bank and UNDP.
The focal point for this project in Belize is the Ministry of Natural Resources, Environment and Industry. The Hon. Servulo Baeza, Minister of State for Natural resources and the Environment, represents Belize at the
The project was officially launched in Belize on the 8 September, 2000 where over 200 participants attended.
The Project focuses its activities towards six immediate objectives during the life of the Project. One of the priority products of this Annual Operation Plan for 2000 is to develop strategic action plans of the MBC in all its member countries. This is a highly participative process whereby all stakeholders will define jointly the thematic and geographic priorities that will be addressed in the coming years. At the same time, though this participative process alliances and local partnerships and will be formed and will enhance the consolidation of the MBC.
For more information, contact Anselmo Castaneda <email@example.com>
-Associate Professor (universitair hoofddocent) "Spatial analysis of forest conservation and rehabilitation"
ITC develops and transfers knowledge on Geoinformation Management for Sustainable Development. The International Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences is concerned with scientific education, research and advisory services in earth observation and spatial information collection, analysis and management. We provide tools and methods for the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and human settlement development, particularly in developing countries.
The Forest Science division emphasizes the place and multiple functions of forests, of woodlands and of the trees outside the forest, in promoting environmental protection and achieving social and economic development. The division develops and provides specialist knowledge and technical skills for the collection, analysis and management of the relevant information to support planning and decision-making for sustainable forest and tree resource management. Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems are important tools for these tasks. Most of our educational and research activities are carried out in a multi-disciplinary context, both in- and outside ITC. The present scientific divisional structure may change in the near future. The division invites qualified persons to apply for the position (f/m) of
TASKS o Teach Professional Master and MSc students, and contribute to the development of educational modules and new educational products, such as distance learning packages o Initiate, conduct and guide research, including PhD research, and develop research co-operation, both inside and outside ITC o Participate in the division's consulting tasks o Share responsibility in the management of the division
o A PhD degree in forestry or a related discipline, and experience with remote sensing and GIS applications o Proven capabilities for creative research, supported by publications, and demonstrated ability to lead and participate in multidisciplinary research teams o Teaching qualities o Extensive working experience in developing countries, preferable in the field of biodiversity assessment and conservation o Experience in proposal
formulation and fund acquisition o English language proficiency and willingness to learn the Dutch language
WE OFFER an inspiring and challenging international environment and good employment and financial facilities.
The employee will be appointed for a period of 4 years after which a permanent employment can be offered. Salary and conditions of employment will be according to Dutch University regulations. The gross monthly salary depends on experience and qualifications and ranges from NLG 8.148,- to NLG 10.903,- (exclusive 8% holiday allowance).
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION about this position may be obtained from Prof.Dr. A. de Gier, Head of Division, direct phone +31 (0)53- 4874 240. You are invited to visit our home page: www.itc.nl/forestry Note that short-listed candidates will be interviewed and will need to give a short lecture as part of the selection procedure. Candidates will be asked
to provide references.Interested candidates are invited to send their letter of application and detailed CV before May 12, 2001 to ITC for the attention of Department P&O, P.O. Box 6, 7500 AA Enschede, The Netherlands. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
-PrimaKlima - weltweit - e.V. : new Web Page www.prima-klima-weltweit.de
The new and completely remodelled PrimaKlima - web page is available! The new site will inform you about the work and the objectives of the German non-profit organization. Since its foundation in 1991 PrimaKlima realizes
forest related projects in Germany and abroad with the aim of absorbing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. Hereby, an important contribution is made to the protection of our climate. You will find more information on our projects worldwide as well as on the topics forests and climate change under www.prima-klima-weltweit.de .
For more information, contact Isabel Häfner, Public Relations, PrimaKlima - weltweit - e.V., Ikenstraße 1 B, D-40625 Düsseldorf, Germany, ph: 0049 - 211
- 295419, fax: 0049 - 211 - 2913682, e-mail: email@example.com
-Results and Presentations of workshop "Developing synergies between carbon sinks and sustainable development through forest certification" are now available on www.northsea.nl/jiq/forestcertification
For more information, contact Richard Sikkema, FORM Ecology Consultants, Ridderstraat 2, 8051 EH HATTEM, The Netherlands, Phone +31 (0)38 4448990,
Fax +31 (0)38 4448991, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Website:
-CLIMAFOR Project http://www.eccm.uk.com/climafor/
The project's specific purpose is to develop and assess a prototype information system for managing terrestrial carbon at a regional scale in ways that promote sustainable rural livelihoods. The focus of the research will be southern Mexico. However, links to projects in other major forestry countries will also be promoted. It is not the purpose of the project to influence national policy decisions relating to the international climate change negotiations.
The World Resources Institute (WRI)'s new web site where visitors can take decisive action to address global warming. SafeClimate.net site challenges individuals and organizations to calculate the size of their own carbon dioxide (CO2) footprint and pledge to reduce it by taking one or more actions outlined on the site. According to climate scientists, CO2 emissions from human activities are the largest source of greenhouse gases contributing to global warming.
-On The Pew Center On Global Climate Change website
2001 SPRING CONFERENCE:
*Complete Spring Conference Summary Prepared By IISD Is Now Available
Please visit, http://www.pewclimate.org/events/iisd_summary.cfm?m
*All Spring Conference Speaker Presentations/Remarks Are Now Available
Please visit, http://www.pewclimate.org/events/spring_conf.cfm?m
Thank you for your inputs for this issue: Anselmo Castaneda, René Gommes, Isabel Häfner, Paul Matthews, Gareth Phillips, and Richard Sikkema.
The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current information and experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts and non-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis of contributions, indicating how to obtain more detailed information on the topic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Products Division (FOP).
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