3 April 2001
-Dear CLIM-FO-L friends: Within two months since launching, the membershipof CLIM-FO-L has grown to more than 640 subscribers with a wide coverage ofgeographical and professional areas. Please share with us even simplequestions, self-introductions, research results, as well as suggestions and requests to improve CLIM-FO-L! Regards, CLIM-FO-L listowner
1. "Cap Management for LULUCF Options: An economic mechanism design topreserve the environmental and social integrity of forest related LULUCFactivities under the Kyoto Protocol" by Michael Obersteiner, EwaldRametsteiner, Sten Nilsson, Interim Report IR-01-011, 2 March 2001, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis
The inclusion of sinks was an important element that led to the adoption ofthe Kyoto Protocol. However, how much of the Annex-I Party's emissionreduction commitments can be met through LULUCF activities is undernegotiation. Setting such a cap could cause problems related to environmental integrity and economic efficiency, mainly the following:
1) Currently proposed provisions for LULUCF activities are devoid of sustainability criteria,
2) Possibility of arbitrage in the greenhouse gas market due to lower costs of sequestration activities,
3) Fair allocation of sequestration projects is unlikely, and
4)Negotiators are overwhelmed by the complexity of the LULUCF issue.
After analyzing these problems, the authors propose a tender auctionmechanism (Dutch tender auction mechanism), which they argue, shall ensurethat a fixed quantitative cap is achieved in a competitive setting withoutarbitrage gaps and a fair allocation of approvals to high quality projects. Under this mechanism, a LULUCF project must satisfy certain conditions("qualifier indicator") to participate in the auction.
For example, ifSustainable Forestry Management (SFM) is the qualifier indicator, only thoseLULUCF projects that have SFM certifications can participate in the auction.Then, a central agency (e.g., a commodity exchange) auctions off toqualified LULUCF suppliers the right to deliver carbon sequestration creditsat a fixed price. Thus, the auction is not based on price, but on anotherindicator ("competitive trait"), for example, the amount of carbonsequestration per carbon credit. In this case, the auctioneer starts sellingcarbon credits at a set price to those suppliers who can supply the highestamount of carbon sequestration per unit of carbon credit. Then theauctioneer lowers the required carbon sequestration amount and collects bidsuntil the cap is filled by LULUCF projects.
This mechanism has the advantage of building on processes that are alreadyadvanced or well established, such as the process of SFM and the mechanismsof competitive bidding, over the novel command-and-control provisions forLULUCF activities (e.g. eligibility and additionality) discussed at COP6 inthe Hague. The authors suggest that this mechanism can be or even should beapplied to energy projects under CDM, joint implementation of the KyotoProtocol or any other subsidy scheme on national international levels.The paper can be downloaded fromhttp://www.iiasa.ac.at/Publications/Documents/IR-01-011.pdf
For more information, contact Michael OBERSTEINER (email@example.com )
- The United States' announcement that they won't implement the Kyoto Protocol caused waves of reactions.
*U.S. Pulls Out of Kyoto Protocol
*U.S. Aims to Pull Out of Warming Treaty
*Bush Says Economy Overrides Environmental Issues
Reactions from other countries:
*EU To Act Alone; UN, EU Seek To Engage US
*Bush Angers Europe by Eroding Pact on Warming
*EU MINISTERS PONDER HOW TO KEEP U.S. IN GLOBAL WARMING ACCORD
*UK TO GO IT ALONE ON GLOBAL WARMING
*SCHRÖDER CONDEMNS BUSH MOVE ON CLIMATE CHANGE
*FRENCH PRESIDENT WANTS KYOTO PROTOCOL IMPLEMENTED
*RUSSIA TAKES SHOT AT WASHINGTON OVER KYOTO PACT
*STAY WITH CLIMATE PROTOCOL, MORI WARNS U.S. IN LETTER
*PM TO DUMP KYOTO DEAL
*No verdict yet on Kyoto accord
*CHINA SAYS U.S. KYOTO PACT SNUB "IRRESPONSIBLE"
*SOUTH PACIFIC ALARMED AT BUSH CLIMATE DECISION
*Climate Action Network, a global network of over 287 NGOs, calls for action.
*GREENS SAY BUSH KILLED ROLE IN KYOTO CLIMATE PACT
- Meanwhile, Romania was the first Annex I Party to ratify the Kyoto Protocol
Romania ratified the Kyoto Protocol on 19 March 2001 and is the firstgovernment listed in the Annex I of the UNFCCC to do so. Romania represents1.2% of the required emissions (55%) that would bring the Protocol into force.
- A new documents from IIASA Forestry Project
"Market Discounts for Sinks: A Concept for Restricting Forest Contributionsin Accounting for Emission Reductions?" by André Gabus (firstname.lastname@example.org) is available online at:
- OECD's new report on Environmental Indicators for Agriculture OECD has just released a new report " Environmental Indicators forAgriculture Volume 3: Methods and Results", which includes a chapter onmeasuring and trends in OECD countries agricultural greenhouse gasemissions. The Main Report, containing over 400 pages with nearly 60 tablesand 100 figures (also available in French), is also available in summaryform as the Executive Summary which can be downloaded free of charge from the OECD agri-environmental indicator website at:
www.oecd.org/agr/env/indicators.htm (see page 36 of the Executive Summaryfor the resume on the greenhouse gas chapter in the Main Report).
If you require further information on the OECD agri-environmental indicatorwork please visit the new website or contact: Kevin Parris (Policies andEnvironment Division, Agriculture Directorate, OECD) Email:Kevin.Parris@oecd.org [from climate-l]
- New Zealand's workshop on accounting for and reporting on the carbon in harvest wood products
In mid February the New Zealand Government hosted an informal internationaltechnical workshop (in Rotorua, 12-16 February, 2001) on the issue ofaccounting for and reporting on the carbon in harvest wood products (HWP) inrelation to the FCCC and Kyoto Protocol. The NZ Forest Industries Council(NZFIC) and the American Forest and Paper Association assisted co-host the workshop and actively participated in all sessions.
The three key points NZFIC sought to make are:
1. that sustainable sourced forest products expand the global carbon stock through:
· the retention of carbon in short, medium and long life forest products · recycling of forest products · providing a source of renewable energy which can displace fossil fuel, and · the displacement of energy intensive non-wood substitutes
2. Optimising the use of harvested wood products is a legitimate strategy toreducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing carbon stocks (under KP Article 3.4)
3. It is technical possible to measure, account for and verify HWP carbon stock
Three documents are available:
1. the summary report of the Workshop Chair 2. a forest industry paper delivered to the Workshop by NZFIC (builds on thepublications jointly developed by the American Forest and Paper Association,Forest Products Association of Canada, Japan Paper Association,Confederation of European Paper Industries and NZFIC during 2000)
3. the subsequent NZ Government submission to SBSTA on HWP reporting andaccounting .
If you want to obtain an electronic copy of the above documents, make arequest to CLIM-FO-L@mailserv.fao.org .
For further questions, contact James V. Griffiths, Chief Executive, New
Zealand Forest Industries Council, P.O. Box 2727, 85 The Terrace, Level 4, Wellington
- 4 Positions at the International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI)
Science Research, Applications of Climate Prediction
Four Positions in Water, Health, Disaster Mitigation, Climate AnalysisThe International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI) wasestablished in 1996 to advance the development and application of climateprediction science, for the benefit of societies throughout the globe (seehttp://iri.ldeo.columbia.edu/ ). Ocean-atmospheric interactions, particularlythe El Niño Southern Oscillation phenomenon, result in heavy climaticimpacts on many countries, especially less-developed countries in thetropics. The IRI produces global climate prediction information on a routinebasis and it networks and collaborates widely among a global community ofresearchers and other stakeholders to foster the field. As part of thedevelopment of its multidisciplinary team of researchers based at itsheadquarters in Palisades, New York, the IRI is searching for a number ofoutstanding individuals to help develop an expanded applications researchprogram. Four position descriptions are listed below. The host institution,Columbia University, has classified the appointments at the Associate
Research Scientist (ARS) level, but the higher Research Scientist (RS) levelor other types of appointments or secondments might be considered in thecase of exceptional candidates. A Ph. D. is required for ARS and RSappointments. Columbia University fringe benefits accompany the appointments, and an independent campus daycare center is available.
Candidates are requested to state which position(s) they are interested inand to provide a vita which must include an email address, along with astatement of research interests and career objectives, and the names,addresses, and telephone numbers of three referees from whom comments andletters of recommendation can be obtained if required. This should be sent either by mail to:
Search Committee/Applications, International Research Institute for ClimatePrediction, Attention Ann Binder, Room 125, Monell Building, Lamont-DohertyEarth Observatory of Columbia University, P O Box 1000, Palisades, NY 10964,or by e-mail in ASCII format to: email@example.com. Screening will begin on or about April 15, 2001. The IRI, as part ofColumbia University acts affirmatively toward equal employment opportunity.
Women and minorities are encouraged to apply.
General Requirements of All Positions
Candidates should have the ability and strong desire to develop innovativescientific solutions to practical problems and the ability to plan andexecute collaborative projects. Strong written and verbal communicationskills and a demonstrated ability to work constructively inmultidisciplinary and team environment are essential. Competency in Englishis essential and skills in other languages are very desirable. Candidatesmust be willing to travel and to represent the IRI in diverse settingsaround the world, and to contribute to training events. A knowledge ofdevelopment issues and experience of less-developed country settings would be very desirable.
The scientist will contribute to applications research through the analysisand representation of climate variability and predictability on seasonal todecadal time scales and the development of information tools and productsrequired by forecast application researchers and users across varioussectors. This will include the expansion of existing IRI near-real-timeglobal analyses and indices to provide derived quantities such asvulnerability, drought risk, and disease precursors, etc. The position willserve as the climate focal point for the development of a wide-ranging suiteof applications tools in collaboration with applications research scientists. The three principal areas of responsibility are:
· Collaborate with applications research scientists both within and outsidethe IRI to identify, develop and test climate indices, products andinformation tools that advance the effective use of climate analysis and prediction and that support applications research projects.
· Implement new operational climate indices, products and information toolsin support of the IRI Climate Information System (CIS) and the IRI Net Assessment Forecasts.
· Monitor, investigate and document the role of lower frequency climatevariability on seasonal climate anomaly patterns and seasonal climatepredictability and the implications of lower frequency variability for thedesign of climate information products and the application of climate forecasts.
The candidate should have a Ph.D. in atmospheric or oceanic science, orrelated fields, with a detailed knowledge of global and regional climaticprocesses and expertise in low frequency climate variability. At least 2years postdoctoral experience in the analysis of large climate data setsfrom observations and complex models, and demonstrated experience indeveloping climate-monitoring tools focused on applications and usercommunities is required. A high level of numerical analysis skills isessential. Education and/or experience in other environmental fields orclimate-sensitive sectors with demonstrated interest in developing tools andindices related to climatic vulnerability (e.g. malaria, drought) is highlydesirable. (See also General Requirements listed above.)Other positions are in the areas of, Water, Health and Disaster Mitigation.
[source:IAI Listserv Manager, March 28]
- Project leader IMAGE Integrated Assessment Model at RIVM
At the International Environmental Assessment Division of RIVM (National
Institute of Public Health and the Environment) in the Netherlands there is
a vacancy for a Project leader IMAGE Integrated Assessment Model
Position in the organisation
The International Environmental Assessment Division resorts under the
Environmental Policy Assessment Bureau of RIVM Netherlands Institute of
Public Health and the Environment. The task of this division is to support
national and international government organisations (e.g. Dutch ministries,
EU, OECD and UNEP) by providing expertise on global environmental problems
through policy analysis focused on improvement of decision-making processes,
taking into consideration the role of the various actors in the socialprocess.
Activities are geared to solving problems related to sustainabledevelopment, but with strong emphasis on climate change and therelationships with other international environmental problems. Many of theactivities make use of model-oriented analyses using the IMAGE model(Integrated Model to Assess the Global Environment). This model simulatesthe whole chain of driving forces (demographic, economic and technologicaldevelopment, along with energy and land use), emissions and concentrationsof greenhouse gases and aerosols; changes in climate; effects of climatechanges on ecosystems, agriculture and sea level, and the effect of policiesto control climate change. IMAGE is among the world's leading IntegratedAssessment Models, enjoying widespread recognition by such internationalbodies as IPCC and IGBP. The ambition is to extend the use of IMAGE tostudies of sustainable development, particularly in relation to the problemsof biodiversity, food security, water scarcity, social vulnerability andrelevant interactions. The multidisciplinary IMAGE team, credited with alarge number of scientific publications, is responsible for the management,development and application of the IMAGE model. The team consists of aboutten researchers and is receiving substantial funding by external sources(e.g. national and European research programmes).
The IMAGE project has entered a crucial phase. At the moment the finishingtouch is being put on the new version of the model, IMAGE 2.2, after whichit will be used for a series of policy-relevant and application analyses. Atrajectory has been set out for a fundamental renewal, improvement andextension of the model. On the one hand, a modular structure will be builtto allow the exchange and integration of different modules, which may alsoemanate from other research groups. This should lead to a flexible platformfor integrated analysis and facilitate co-operation with other research groups.
One of the important components of this development trajectory is theextension of co-operation with other research groups in Europe towards aconsortium with a collective responsibility for the design, implementation and application of a new generation of integrated assessment model.
Responsibilities and tasks
The team leader will carry the responsibility, both for the management andfurther development of the IMAGE integrated simulation model, and for therealisation and maintenance of the international co-operation networks.Responsibilities include assuring the scientific quality of the model andthe analyses applied, but also leading a well-functioning team, managingproject finances and maintaining contact with users and sponsors. The teamleader is expected to actively participate within the Environmental PolicyAssessment Bureau in the development of the research strategy and quality control system.
Broad-based experience as a team leader or senior project manager inmultidisciplinary research (with groups of at least 10 members), Goodmanagement skills, leadership capacities and a dynamic personality, able toset priorities and delegate tasks within a team, Team-building spirit, withability to motivate, stimulate and communicate, Wide experience withsimulation models, Capable of handling a broad range of activities, creativeand able to develop a vision, A graduate degree or similar level ofeducation, with a quantitative focus, preferably in the natural orenvironmental sciences, or in environmental economics. Fluent in English, willing to learn Dutch; other languages are an asset
A most challenging and pleasant working atmosphere
A function on the cross-roads of science and policy
A broad array of national and international contacts
A good salary, depending on experience, to a maximum of Euro 5201,68 grossa month (NLG 11.463,-) with a competitive package of additional benefitsincluding financial support for child care, pension scheme and financial compensation for health care.
If you meet our requirements and wish to work in an international anddynamic environment, please send your application with CV in English to:
Bert Metz, Head, International Environmental Assessment Division, PO. box 1,3720 BA Bilthoven, the Netherlands or by e-mail to: Bert.Metz@rivm.nl
For more information on RIVM and our climate change research activities,please visit our web side: http://www.rivm.nl
- A new issue of Scandinavian climate change magazine Cicerone is now
available. Along with earlier editions, it can be found at
Cicerone is a bi-monthly publication from CICERO Center for Climate andEnvironmental Research - Oslo. An electronic version with selected articlesin English is published along with a printed version in Norwegian.
- USDA/FS - IP - "International Programs News" Issue #6 - Now available online.
The latest edition of International Programs News is now available online.
This feature highlights the dangers to and the conservation of the world'smigratory species. Find out about the successful recovery of the Swainson'shawk population, the Western Boreal Forest Initiative, the annual migrationof shorebirds to the Copper River Delta, and the migration of the MonarchButterfly between the United States and Mexico. Read the InternationalPerspective piece by David Pashley, Vice President for Conservation Programsat the American Bird Conservancy, to learn about the global necessity ofmigratory bird conservation. Regular features also include News Bits fromAround the World, which highlights US Forest Service participation in pastor ongoing projects. The Bulletin Board features announcements for international seminars and other meetings and notices.
The objective of CLIM-FO-L is to be a forum for sharing current informationand experiences about climate change and forestry amongst experts andnon-experts. CLIM-FO-L will send periodically to subscribers synopsis ofcontributions, indicating how to obtain more detailed information on thetopic. CLIM-FO-L is a service provided by the FAO Forest Products Division (FOP).
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