I. In THE PRESS
11. May 2010
A major change of approach is needed if society is to restrain climate change, according to a report from a self-styled "eclectic" group of academics.
6. May 2010
4. May 2010
By the end of this year, governments may have finalised arrangements for preserving developing countries' forests under the UN climate convention. But, argues Arun Agrawal, forests used to belong to people - and people are being left out of the equation.
3. May 2010
For more than 15 years the Massachusetts-based Armenian Tree Project has been replanting Armenia's forests lost during its energy crisis in the early 1990s. Recently the group, like many similar organizations, has considered raising funds by selling carbon credits. However, for small non-profits like the group, the cost of even becoming certified on voluntary markets is prohibitive.
3. May 2010
Outgoing U.N. climate chief Yvo de Boer shot down expectations of a comprehensive climate treaty this year, saying Monday that a major U.N. conference in December would yield only a first answer on curbing greenhouse gases.
3. May 2010
Over the past 30 years billions of dollars has been committed to global conservation efforts, yet forests continue to fall, largely a consequence of economic drivers, including surging global demand for food and fuel.
3. May 2010
Trees from the Harvard Forest to the Amazon rainforest are experiencing changing climactic conditions, with rising temperatures potentially making tropical trees a significant source of carbon dioxide.
29. April 2010
Forests continue to decline worldwide, according to a new study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS).
29. April 2010
Scientists believe Russia's ancient forests are the country's best natural weapon against climate change, even though the stockpile of carbon beneath the ground also makes these areas vulnerable to carbon release.
26. April 2010
The UN-led global initiative to use forest conservation as a way to offset greenhouse gas emissions heated things up at the people's summit against climate change in Bolivia. In the end, the participants reached a consensus - and rejected the plan.
6. April 2010
The Copenhagen Accord, forged at COP15 upended international efforts to confront climate change. Never before have 115 Heads of State gathered together at one time, let alone for the singular purpose of crafting a new climate change agreement.
5. April 2010
Speed is not a word typically associated with trees; they can take centuries to grow. However, a new study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has found evidence that forests in the Eastern United States are growing faster than they have in the past 225 years.
5. April 2010
Billions of dollars are being mobilized to protect and increase the world's forests under a climate protection mechanism called REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation). But many experts are unsure that it will work, and some fear it could end in disaster.
25. March 2010
Global forest loss has diminished since the 1990s but still remains "alarmingly high", according to a preliminary version of a new assessment from the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
In less than a generation oil palm cultivation has emerged as a leading form of land use in tropical forests, especially in Southeast Asia. Rising global demand for edible oils, coupled with the crop's high yield, has turned palm oil into an economic juggernaut, generating us$ 10 billion in exports for Indonesia and Malaysia, which account for 85 percent of palm oil production, alone. Today more than 40 countries - led by China, India, and Europe - import crude palm oil.
II. UNFCCC negotiations and related discussions
AWG-KP 11 and AWG-LCA 9
On 9-11 April 2010 a meeting was held in the two AWGs. The main issue discussed was how to organise the official negotiations leading up to COP 16 in December 2010. It was decided to have two meetings of a duration of at least one week each. These two meetings will be in addition to the two week meeting in Bonn from the 31 May to 9 June 2010. The date and venue of the additional two meetings is to be decided by the UNFCCC secretariat.
Overall outcome of COP 15 Copenhagen
Although considerable progress was made on the negotiation texts, a number of issues remained unresolved. The two ad-hoc working groups were unable to conclude their work and their terms were extended in order to continue the negotiations. To capture the progress made and to have a tangible outcome from Copenhagen, the Copenhagen Accord was drafted as an interim agreement that provides important political guidance. It was “noted” by the COP, but, by the end of March 2010, 114 Parties had indicated their agreement of the Accord and it was considered operational. The report of COP15, including the Copenhagen Accord are available: The report.
Significant features of the Copenhagen Accord include: recognition of the need to keep the increase in global temperature to below 20C; commitment of developed countries to a goal of mobilizing jointly US$ 30 billion for the period 2010-2012 and US$ 100 billion per year by 2020 to assist developing countries in taking adaptation and mitigation actions; and the decision to establish the Copenhagen Green Climate Fund and a Technology Mechanism.
The hope is now that the AWGs can conclude their work at the next session of the Conference of the Parties (COP16), and that UNFCCC will adopt an architecture for global action on climate change, including mitigation targets and action, a package on adaptation, a capacity building framework, a new technology mechanism, financial arrangements, as well as a mechanism to provide incentives for forest-based mitigation.
Points of particular interest regarding forests
Forests, by virtue of their importance in climate change mitigation, were highly visible in the Copenhagen meetings. Forestry was the only sector specifically addressed by the Copenhagen Accord, which calls for the immediate establishment of a mechanism to mobilize financial resources from developed countries to support REDD-plus actions.
REDD-plus: The COP adopted a decision on methodological guidance, which includes activities related to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries. Agreement on this broad scope for REDD means that essentially all forestry activities in developing countries that contribute to climate change mitigation would be recognized and could conceivably receive incentives. The decision requests Parties to identify drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and REDD-plus actions to be taken, to use the most recent IPCC guidance and guidelines for carbon accounting to establish national forest monitoring systems and to engage indigenous people and local communities in monitoring and reporting.
Good progress was made by the AWG-LCA on REDD-plus deliberations on “policy approaches and positive incentives”, which address the broad architecture of a REDD-plus instrument under UNFCCC and arrangements for financial and other incentives. The draft text indicates agreement on the principles, safeguards and scope of an instrument and on a phased approach for implementing REDD-plus, moving in a step-wise fashion from pilot activities to full-fledged implementation. Key issues still to be resolved include: national versus sub-national approaches to REDD-plus, in other words if incentives would be provided to developing countries only if their carbon stocks at national level remained constant or increased or mitigation benefits achieved at sub-national (e.g. project) level could receive incentives; the relationship between REDD-plus and nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs); and the financing modality (fund versus market-based or mixed). As an indication of their commitment to REDD-plus and to further progress quickly, six countries at Copenhagen collectively agreed to dedicate US$3.5 billion to finance early action on REDD-plus.
LULUCF and CDM: Key issues discussed included accounting for forest management activities and for carbon in harvested wood products in the greenhouse gas reporting done by of annex 1 countries under a future protocol. The draft text calls on SBSTA to begin exploring ways to move towards more comprehensive accounting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals by sinks by LULUCF activities. AWG-KP also discussed the proposal to broaden the scope of activities eligible for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects including forest management and REDD a call for SBSTA to explore the options were given.
ADAPTATION: Adaptation has recently been gaining emphasis in the UNFCCC negotiations. Parties recognize that, even with strong and effective climate change mitigation, climate change will continue, at least on the short to medium term, so adaptation measures must be taken. The draft text in AWG-LCA that emerged from Copenhagen calls for the establishment of a Copenhagen adaptation framework or programme, which would be the international architecture giving guidance for national action. The text calls for Parties to UNFCCC to initiate adaptation efforts. In addition, in recognition of the potential benefits of enhanced regional cooperation, the draft AWG-LCA text calls for establishment of regional adaptation “centres” or “platforms”. Issues that remain unresolved in the negotiation text include whether existing institutional structures are adequate or if new ones should be created to support the adaptation framework and on the establishment of an insurance mechanism for climate change-induced losses.
Forest Day 3
About 1500 people attended Forest Day 3 in Copenhagen. Keynote speakers included Gro Harlem Brundtland and Nobel laureates Elinor Ostrom, Ravendra Pachauri and Wangari Maathai and former US President Bill Clinton sent a video message of support.
The Forest Day 3 summary statement prepared by the hosting organisation, the Collaborative Partnership on Forests, was presented to Yvo de Boer, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, at the end of the meeting.
III. Events & meetings
Regional Forestry Commissions meetings 2010
The six Regional Forestry Commissions established by FAO to provide a policy and technical forum for countries to discuss and address forest issues on a regional basis. It meets every two years and the remaining Commissions this year are:
26th session of the Latin American and Caribbean Forestry Commission:
May 24-29 2010. Guatemala.
23rd session of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission:
June 7-11 2010. The location is to be determined
UNFCCC subsidiary bodies
31 May 2010 - 11 June 2010. Bonn, Germany.
Bonn Climate Change Talks - June 2010 includes meetings of the SBSTA, SBI, AWG-LCA, AWG-KP. More information on the UNFCCC website.
Fifth RRI Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change
22 June, 2010, Washington, DC
This upcoming Dialogue will review the decisions taken in prior meetings – the Oslo Climate and Forest Conference and the recent UNFCCC sessions in Bonn— and look forward to COP16 in Cancun. More.
18th Commonwealth Forestry Conference
June 28 - July 2, 2010. Edinburgh, Scotland.
The theme of this conference is “Restoring the Commonwealth’s Forests: Tackling Climate Change. More information
XXIII 2010 IUFRO World Congress
August 23-28, 2010. Seoul, Korea
International Union of forest Research Organizations IUFRO congress with the theme of “Forests for the Future: Sustaining Society and the Environment”. More.
UNFF ad hoc expert group on forest financing
13 September 2010 - 17 September 2010. Nairobi, Kenya.
A part of the UN Forum on Forest’s strategic plan on forest financing a open-ended intergovernmental ad hoc expert group on financing for sustainable forest management will meet. More information on UNFF website.
Twentieth session of the FAO Committee on Forestry (COFO)
4 October 2010 - 8 October 2010. UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Headquarters, Rome, Italy. For more information contact: FAO Forestry Department; tel: +39-06-5705-3925; fax: +39-06-5705-31 52; e-mail: COFO2010@fao.org; Internet: http://www.fao.org/forestry/57758/en/
IV. Research Articles
Why are there so few afforestation and reforestation Clean Development Mechanism projects?
Thomas, S.; Dargusch, P.; Harrison, S.; Herbohn, J.;
Land Use Policy. 2010. 27: 3, 880-887.
Of the more than 1600 Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects that are currently registered with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), only four are afforestation or reforestation projects. This paper asks why there are so few CDM afforestation or reforestation (CDM A/R) projects given the many economic, social and environmental benefits that such activities potentially offer. The authors discuss the question from two perspectives: namely the constraints to the development of CDM A/R projects and the features of 'successful' CDM A/R projects. Constraints to the development of CDM A/R projects include financial, administrative and governance issues. Analysis of the four registered CDM A/R projects suggests that 'successful' CDM A/R applications are likely to be characterized by the following: initial funding support; design and implementation guided by large organizations with technical expertise; occur on private land (land with secured property rights attached); and most revenue from Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) is directed back to local communities. It is argued that the CDM needs to be reformed to support the development of more CDM A/R projects, particularly with regards to incorporating greater flexibility, simplifying the methodological and documentation procedures of CDM registration, and redefining the role of the UNFCCC in CDMs from one of adjudication to one of facilitation.
Reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD): a climate change mitigation strategy on a critical track
Michael Kohl, Thomas Baldauf, Daniel Plugge and Joachim Krug
Carbon Balance and Management 2009, 4:10doi:10.1186/1750-0680-4-10
Following recent discussions, there is hope that a mechanism for reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) will be agreed by the Parties of the UNFCCC at their 15th meeting in Copenhagen in 2009 as an eligible action to prevent climate changes and global warming in post-2012 commitment periods. Countries introducing a REDD-regime in order to generate benefits need to implement sound monitoring and reporting systems and specify the associated uncertainties. The principle of conservativeness addresses the problem of estimation errors and requests the reporting of reliable minimum estimates (RME). Here the potential to generate benefits from applying a REDD-regime is proposed with reference to sampling and non-sampling errors that influence the reliability of estimated activity data and emission factors. A framework for calculating carbon benefits by including assessment errors is developed. Theoretical, sample based considerations as well as a simulation study for five selected countries with low to high deforestation and degradation rates show that even small assessment errors (5% and less) may outweigh successful efforts to reduce deforestation and degradation. The generation of benefits from REDD is possible only in situations where assessment errors are carefully controlled.
Adaptation of forests to climate change: some estimates.
Sedjo, R. A.
Resources for the Future (RFF). 2010. 10-06, 54 pp.
This paper is based on a World Bank-sponsored effort to develop a global estimate of adaptation costs, considering the implications of global climate change for industrial forestry. It focuses on the anticipated impacts of climate change on forests broadly, on industrial wood production in particular, and on Brazil, South Africa, and China. The aim is to identify likely damages and possible mitigating investments or activities. The study draws from the existing literature and the results of earlier investigations reporting the latest comprehensive projections in the literature. The results provide perspective as well as estimates and projections of the impacts of climate change on forests and forestry in various regions and countries. Because climate change will increase forest productivity in some areas while decreasing it elsewhere the impacts vary for positive to negative by region. In general, production increases will shift from low-latitude regions in the short term to high latitude regions in the long term. Planted forests will offer a major vehicle for adaptation.
Changing stock of biomass carbon in a boreal forest over 93 years.
Kauppi, P.E., Rautiainen, A.,Korhonen, K.T., Lehtonen, A., Liski, J.,Nöjd, P.,Tuominen, S., Haakana, M. & Virtanen, T.
Forest Ecology and Management 259(7): 1239-1244.
The growing stock more than doubled from 1.6 to 3.4 million m3 between 1912 and 2005 in forests on an area of 387 km2 in southern Finland. The stock expansion continued for 93 years noting interim results, which were available for 1959, 1982, 1994 and 1999. Forested area in the region hardly changed. Carbon sequestration was mainly a result of a long-term recovery from forest degradation, a legacy of land use in the 18th and 19th centuries. Tree demography responded to management change especially of mature stands: Average tree size and stocking density of stands increased. On average the expanding biomass stock sequestered 18 tons C annually per km2 (18 g C per m2). In comparison, the emissions of fossil carbon in the region were estimated at 12 tons C per km2 (12 g C per m2) on average. However, fossil CO2 emissions exceeded biomass sequestration in recent decades. The powerful and persistent expansion of the carbon stock was an unintended co-benefit of forestry, which was motivated by the intention to improve timber yield. On the more negative side the change in management introduced clear-cuts, and a loss of diverse elements of the pre-industrial biota.
Deforestation driven by urban population growth and agricultural trade in the twenty-first century
DeFries, R. S.; Rudel, T.; Uriarte, M.; Hansen, M.;
Nature Geoscience. 2010. 3: 3, 178-181
Reducing atmospheric carbon emissions from tropical deforestation is at present considered a cost-effective option for mitigating climate change. However, the forces associated with tropical forest loss are uncertain. Here we use satellite-based estimates of forest loss for 2000 to 2005 (ref. 2) to assess economic, agricultural and demographic correlates across 41 countries in the humid tropics. Two methods of analysis - linear regression and regression tree - show that forest loss is positively correlated with urban population growth and exports of agricultural products for this time period. Rural population growth is not associated with forest loss, indicating the importance of urban-based and international demands for agricultural products as drivers of deforestation. The strong trend in movement of people to cities in the tropics is, counter-intuitively, likely to be associated with greater pressures for clearing tropical forests. We therefore suggest that policies to reduce deforestation among local, rural populations will not address the main cause of deforestation in the future. Rather, efforts need to focus on reducing deforestation for industrial-scale, export-oriented agricultural production, concomitant with efforts to increase yields in non-forested lands to satisfy demands for agricultural products.
Enrichment planting in secondary forests: a promising clean development mechanism to increase terrestrial carbon sinks
Paquette, A.; Hawryshyn, J.; Senikas, A. V.; Potvin, C.
Ecology and Society. Resilience Alliance, Waterloo, Canada: 2009. 14: 1, art. 31
With the increasing need to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations, afforestation and reforestation (A/R) projects are being implemented under the Kyoto Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and under the voluntary carbon (C) market. The specific objective of A/R C projects is to enhance terrestrial sinks. They could also provide low-income communities in developing countries with a source of revenue, as well as a number of ecological and social services. However, feasibility issues have hindered implementation of A/R CDMs. We propose enrichment planting (EP) in old fallow using high-value native timber species as a land-use alternative and a small-scale C projects opportunity. We present EP in the context of ongoing work in a poor indigenous community in eastern Panama. We consider economic risks and advantages and concordance with existing modalities under the compliance market. The potential storage capacity for EP at the site of our study was ~113 Mg C ha-1, which is comparable to other land uses with high C storage, such as industrial teak plantations and primary forest. Because secondary forests show high aboveground biomass production, C projects using EP could harness large amounts of atmospheric C while improving diversity. Carbon projects using EP can also provide high levels of social, cultural, and ecological services by planting native tree species of traditional importance to local communities and preserving most of the secondary forest's ecological attributes. Therefore, EP planting could be considered as a way to promote synergies between two UN Conventions: climate change and biodiversity.
V. Publications, Reports and other media
Carbon markets and forest conservation: A review of the environmental benefits of REDD mechanisms
UNEP and WCMC
This report considers the measures that have been and might be undertaken to promote environmental co-benefits from REDD. Such measures may be linked to decisions on financing. The report surveys the measures that are found in existing REDD initiatives, including in the proposed UNFCCC REDD mechanism itself. It considers the options and opportunities for how these measures might be amended and developed in the future. More.
Key findings of global forest resources assessment
In the publication covering the key findings of the FRA 2010 the main massage is that world deforestation, mainly the conversion of tropical forests to agricultural land, has decreased over the past ten years but continues at an alarmingly high rate in many countries. The main report will be released in October 2010. More.
Legal Frameworks for REDD: Design and Implementation at the National Level
Distilling a wide range of information and insights on REDD and forest carbon PES from legal and policy experts, the publication presents a detailed overview of regulatory design and implementation options specifically for a non-lawyer audience. The report is based on substantive findings from four national case studies carefully chosen for their varying geographies, forest cover and deforestation rates, and stages of REDD preparations.
An Overview of Readiness for REDD: A compilation of readiness activities prepared on behalf of the Forum on Readiness for REDD
The Woods Hole Research Center
This background document aims to provide a first snapshot view of readiness activities around the world. Given the high level of interest and support for REDD, the pace and number of readiness projects and initiatives has been increasing at an encouraging rate. This document is by no means an exhaustive catalogue of readiness activities, and we have not been able to include everything that we would have liked. We intend for this to be a living document and encourage comments and additional input which can be included in electronic form. More.
Making REDD work - A practitioner’s guide for successful implementation of REDD
This brochure aims to provide an overview and understanding of the REDD concept, the current proposals and the issues under negotiation. The recommendations made for further reading and the references to other available resources are intended to enhance broader participation and the full engagement of both governments and practitioners in the REDD debate. Publication date will be on the 7.12.2009, soon after to download on the website.
Global Forest Coalition
This publication includes independent monitoring reports on the development of national strategies to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation by NGOs and Indigenous Peoples' Organizations from 9 different developing countries, as well as links to reports by NGOs in 3 additional countries. The country reports included in this research illustrate the very different on-the-ground circumstances that will apply to (REDD) projects as and when they are implemented in countries across the world. Report.
Forest Governance and Climate Change Mitigation
FAO and ITTO
The brief highlights lessons learned from experiences on the ground and sets out the key elements of an approach to forest law compliance and governance that will ensure the optimal role of forests in mitigating climate change. The brief.
Policy Brief on Food Security and Climate Change in the Pacific
FAO has published a policy brief calling for governments to build resilience into food systems by implementing National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPAs) alongside collaboration with international partners. The brief.
Moving the goal posts? Accountability failures of the world bank’s forest partnership facility
Forest Peoples Programme
The publication is a part of the Rights, Forests and Climate Briefing Series, raises concerns with FCPF activities so far, which it states have not been meeting FCPF safeguards and have been breaching the FCPF’s own rules in helping to get countries ready to receive international payments for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). The publication.
Biodiversity and Livelihoods: REDD-Benefits
CBD and GTZ
The German Development Cooperation and the CBD Secretariat have compiled a guide on how REDD can simultaneously address climate change, biodiversity loss and poverty. The brochure identifies opportunities for synergies and mutual enhancement of the objectives of international agreements, particularly the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). It also provides background information on the linkages between ecosystem-based adaptation and mitigation measures. The guide.
CDM in Charts
The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)
The publication is now upgraded to version 9.0 reflecting the results of the EB50 in a timely manner.
Financing Climate Change Mitigation: Towards a Framework for Measurement, Reporting and Verification
OECD and IEA
This publication highlights existing knowledge and information about a range of different types of mitigation support and outlines a structure for a future framework for measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) to provide greater accountability and transparency. The report.
Readiness for REDD: financial governance and lessons from Indonesia’s Reforestation Fund
This brief summarises key findings from a study of financial governance and Indonesia’s Reforestation Fund over the past 20 years. The brief.
REDD, Forest Governance and Rural Livelihoods: The Emerging Agenda
The report addresses how initiatives on REDD are likely to interact with the interests of local communities and indigenous groups. Including also REDD negotiations experiences with forest management, land tenure, PES and carbon projects. Covers also pilot projects on REDD and REDD readiness in six countries. The report.
National Ecological Gap Analysis updated: identifying sites for REDD biodiversity benefits
The 192 Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are carrying out national gap analyses to identify the 'missing links' in their protected area system, as part of their commitments under the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas. Through these participatory processes, countries have identified forest areas of high biodiversity and ecosystem service value, which could serve as ecological corridors, sustainable use areas, or new protected areas in the context of REDD. The Gap Analyses provide information, including in GIS format, on important forest areas in many REDD pilot countries; they were developed based on national and international biodiversity expertise, involving relevant stakeholders. The brief.
Good practice guide on "Sustainable Forest Management: Biodiversity and Livelihoods"
IUCH and CBD
The CBD Secretariat and IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) have published a Good Practice Guide on Sustainable Forest Management: Biodiversity and Livelihoods. The guide aims to support governments, development agencies, businesses, and non-governmental organizations in their efforts to ensure that biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction proceed concurrently, including in the context of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). The guide also contains a powerpoint presentation template for training purposes. More information.
REDD Project Manager
The Wildlife Conservation Society’s Albertine Rift program seeks a REDD project manager with expertise in forestry carbon project development to undertake the technical analyses needed to launch forest carbon projects (REDD) primarily in the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Specifically the REDD project manager will be responsible for completing a Project Design Document (PDD) for specific projects as well as support development of forest carbon feasibility studies in four landscapes in Eastern DRC and Uganda. More.
Projects Administrator, TREES Program
The Rainforest Alliance:
The Projects Administrator will provide financial and contractual oversight for all TREES project work in Mexico, and ensure compliance with finance, contracts and administrative requirements as established by RA Headquarters (HQ) and donor agencies. The Projects Administrator will work under the supervision of the TREES Manager for Mexico, and in coordination with the TREES Field Manager, the TREES Program Administrator, the TREES Projects Manager and the TREES Director to ensure sound financial and administrative management. More.
Forestry Associate, Initiative for Conservation in the Andean Amazon (ICAA) Project
The Forestry Associate will be responsible for providing general support regarding office, administrative, and technical tasks. S/he will provide general support to the project team regarding training, meeting and travel activities. S/he will also directly support the Forestry Coordinator in Northern La Paz (Ixiamas). S/he will maintain compliance with New York office policies and donor requirements. More.
Expert on forest and climate change
Under the general guidance of the ES Programme and the direct supervision of the Programme Director, the incumbent will provide technical and substantive activities towards the roles of bamboo forests and plantations in mitigation of and adaptation to climate change. More.
Climate change impacts and adaptation - bringing research, practice and policy together
European Forest Institute
A new discussion forum has been established for Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation in European Forestry. The forum aims to connect professionals working in forest research, forestry and the forest-based sector, as well as, in policy and decision making and non-governmental organizations. The European Forest Institute (EFI) established the forum in connection with the project Models for Adaptive Forest Management project (MOTIVE). Read more about MOTIVE and access the forum.
Newsletter from Silva Mediterranea on Adaptation
The forum for advising and taking action on key forestry issues for Mediterranean countries publishes a newsletter four times a year. The April issue is covering Forest and Climate Change issues and focuses on adaptation to Climate Change. More.
Climate Funds Update
This is an independent website that provides information on the growing number of international funding initiatives designed to help developing countries address the challenges of climate change. The funds have been tracked over the crucial year in the lead-up to the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP) meeting in Copenhagen. More.
FAO Launches Website on Assisted Natural Forest Regeneration
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has created a new website on assisted natural regeneration (ANR) of forests, an effective and low cost forest and biodiversity restoration and rehabilitation method. More.
Conference on Forest Ecosystem Genomics and Adaptation, First Call for Abstracts
The call for abstracts is now open for the 9 - 11 June 2010 scientific conference on 'Forest ecosystem genomics and adaptation', organized by the EVOLTREE Network of Excellence. Venue of the conference is San Lorenzo de El Escorial (Madrid), Spain. More information.