Forest restoration in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia using treated waste water to sustain smallholders' and farmers' livelihoods

FAO, with the financial support of the FAO-Italian Project GCP/INT/059/ITA, organized a workshop in Hammamet, Tunisia from 16 to 17 October 2010 on forest restoration using treated waste water.

The purpose of the Workshop was to prepare a project on the use of treated waste water in forest restoration to sustain smallholders and farmers livelihood in four Mediterranean countries: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. 

The meeting was attended by 28 participants and brought together key stakeholders from both Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia, including two observers of the Italian Cooperation and five specialists from Italy representing relevant Italian institutions already working as technical partners of the FAO-Italian Project: the National Research Council (CNR) the Research Council For Agriculture (Ente CRA), the University of Basilicata (Potenza) and the University of Tuscia (Viterbo).

Participants from Algeria, Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia reported in Plenary Session on the status and needs of treated waste waters for irrigation in forestry and agroforestry systems in their country. Two case studies on new methodologies on waste water treatments were reported by the University of Tuscia and by the University of Basilicata. The University of Tuscia reported on a project prepared for the Oasis of Brézina to use phyto-remediated waters for irrigation. The University of Basilicata reported on a new methodology to reduce energy consumption and sludge accumulation in traditional treatment water plants. The new methodology has been applied to irrigate an Olive tree plantation over the last 10 years and data show an increase in yield and production, an enrichment in the soil fertilization and no traces of pollutants both in the olives and in the olive oil.

Based on the presentations reported by the countries, a logical framework was developed for a regional project that will cover the four Northern African countries with a common project goal and outcomes and specific outputs and activities for the four different countries.

The workshop made possible the knowledge transfer among specialists and decision makers from the five participating countries and contributed to a better understanding of the particular forestry characteristics in the Mediterranean region. The result of the workshop is a logical framework for a project proposal which may be eligible for funding with international donor agencies and will contribute to the transfer of scientific research into forest policies, plans and forestry practices.

The results of the workshop were endorsed by all participating countries and gave FAO the mandate to continue working on a full-fledged draft project proposal to be revised by each participating country.

last updated:  Wednesday, March 6, 2013