FAO publications on forests and climate change

Integration of remote-sensing and ground-based observations for estimation of emissions and removals of greenhouse gases in forests 24 November 2016 The Global Forest Observations Initiative (GFOI) was established(1) by GEO in 2011, to assist countries to produce reliable, consistent reports on change in forest cover and forest use, and associated anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and removals. [more]
The State of Food and Agriculture 2016: Climate change, agriculture and food security 24 November 2016 The Paris Agreement, adopted in December 2015, represents a new beginning in the global effort to stabilize the climate before it is too late. It recognizes the importance of food security in the international response to climate change, as reflected by many countries focusing prominently on the agriculture sector in their planned contributions to adaptation and mitigation. To help put those plans into action, this report identifies strategies, financing opportunities, and data and information needs. It also describes transformative policies and institutions that can overcome barriers to implementation. [more]
FAO's work on climate change: Forests and Climate Change 24 November 2016 The publication aims to provide a broad range of data and statistics on forests, and the impact and benefits that forestry has on our environment. It also offers some general information and data about the impact forests and forestry can have in mitigating the effects of climate change, as well as information concerning how they are, in turn, affected by climate change. [more]
FAO's Work on Climate Change 23 November 2016 The Conference of the Parties (COP) of UNFCCC provides a key opportunity to communicate FAO’s work on climate change and to liaise with potential partners. This booklet was created for COP to increase awareness of the impact of climate change on food security and nutrition and of the importance of the agricultural sectors in climate change mechanisms, policies and finances. [more]
Action Against Desertification - Fact sheet 27 October 2016 Action Against Desertification supports local communities, government and civil society of six African countries - Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, the Gambia, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal – as well as Fiji and Haiti in the sustainable management and restoration of their drylands and fragile ecosystems affected by desertification, land degradation and drought. [more]
Land restoration - fact sheet 27 October 2016 In 2016 Action Against Desertification is gearing up to restore 10 000 hectares of land and plant well-adapted native species of trees, shrubs and grasses in six African countries – Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal. [more]
Integrated policy for forests, food security and sustainable livelihoods: lessons from the Republic of Korea 27 October 2016 In the 1950s and 1960s, the Republic of Korea was one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world. Deforestation had stripped the country of half its forest cover, contributing to severe erosion, repetitive flood and drought damage and a decrease in agricultural production which threatened national food security. Recognizing the importance of forests’ watershed and soil protection functions in restoring agricultural productivity, the government undertook an intensive forest rehabilitation effort. [more]
Trees, forests and land use in drylands: The first global assessment 27 October 2016 Drylands cover about 41 percent of the Earth’s land surface and are home to 2 billion people, the majority of whom depend on forests and other wooded lands, grasslands and trees on farms for income and to meet basic needs. Yet surprising little is known about such ecosystems in drylands, despite widespread recognition of the need to restore drylands to cope with the effects of drought, desertification, land degradation and climate change. This document presents preliminary results of the first global assessment of trees, forests and land use in drylands. It reports, among other things, that the global drylands contain 1.11 billion hectares of forest, which is more than one-quarter of the global forest area. There are also about 13.5 billion trees outside forests in drylands. More than 200 experts with knowledge of the land and land uses in specific dryland regions conducted the assessment, using freely available satellite imagery and a newly developed survey methodology. The pioneering study by FAO and many partners will be fully reported later in 2016. [more]
Forestry for a low-carbon future: Integrating forests and wood products in climate change strategies 27 October 2016 Following the introduction, Chapter 2 provides an overview of mitigation in the forest sector, addressing the handling of forests under UNFCCC. Chapters 3 to 5 focus on forest-based mitigation options – afforestation, reforestation, REDD+ and forest management – and Chapters 6 and 7 focus on wood-product based options – wood energy and green building and furnishing. The publication describes these activities in the context of UNFCCC rules, assessing their mitigation potential and economic attractiveness as well as opportunities and challenges for implementation. Chapter 8 discusses the different considerations involved in choosing the right mix of options as well as some of the instruments and means for implementation. Chapter 8 also highlights the co-benefits generated by forest-based mitigation and emphasizes that economic assessment of mitigation options needs to take these benefits into account. The concluding chapter assesses national commitments under UNFCCC involving forest mitigation and summarizes the challenges and opportunities. [more]
REDD+ and FLEGT: Working Together to Strengthen Forest Governance and Mitigate Climate Change 27 October 2016 Forest loss contributes to one-sixth of annual greenhouse gas emissions, making it a major contributor to climate change. Experience shows that approaches to reducing deforestation and forest degradation and strengthening forest governance – such as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) and Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) – can be far more effective in countering forest loss if they are jointly implemented. To date, however, few countries have capitalized on the synergies between these processes. Widely acknowledged similarities between the objectives of REDD+ and FLEGT initiatives present obvious opportunities for common action to address deforestation and strengthen forest governance. Both REDD+ and FLEGT share a number of common goals and approaches and target the same actors – forest sector stakeholders from government entities, local communities and indigenous people, as well as the private sector. Both are incentive-based mechanisms to promote the sustainable management of forests, and both place strong emphasis on forest governance for their success. [more]
Considering the use of spatial modeling in Forest Reference Emission Level and/or Forest Reference Level construction for REDD+ 10 June 2016 This note aims to inform technical staff responsible for forest reference emission level and/or forest reference level (FREL/FRL) construction about the use, and potential added value and/or limitations, of spatial modeling. It explains the underlying concepts that spatial models apply and discusses how FREL/ FRL construction could be affected by such models, illustrating their application with country examples. [more]
UN-REDD Support & Country Examples on Legal Preparedness for REDD+ 10 June 2016 The publication is a small easy to read information booklet laid out in short blocks of text and colourful photographs. It provides clear information in reply to three questions: What is legal preparedness for REDD+? Why are adequate legal frameworks important for the success of REDD+? and Where to start? It concludes with a paragraph under 'UN-REDD support on legal preparedness'. The booklet also provides several country examples related to the establishment of legal and regulatory frameworks in support of REDD+, legal challenges in implementing REDD+ and the establishment of National REDD Committees or Inter-ministerial committees on REDD+. [more]
Emerging approaches to Forest Reference Emission Levels and/or Forest Reference Levels for REDD+ 11 May 2016 The information in the document corresponds to the situation in October 2014, for the most recent overview of UNFCCC FREL/FRL submissions please consult this link. This document provides examples of emerging approaches to FREL/FRL development adopted in different contexts, including for demonstration activities by countries seeking to take actions to reduce GHG emissions or enhance forest carbon stocks in the forest sector. Analysis is provided on technical features in the early development of FREL/FRLs. The publication contains a list of country examples that is however not complete; not every country working on their FREL/FRL methodology is included in the analysis, which aims to be illustrative of the diversity of approaches taken rather than comprehensive. To date, one country has submitted a FREL under the UNFCCC which is why most examples are related to FREL/FRLs prepared for demonstration activities. The document will be regularly updated with additional information, including UNFCCC submissions of FREL/FRLs as they become available. [more]
Unasylva: Forest and Landscape Restoration 27 October 2015 Forest and landscape restoration is a key issue in the ongoing discussions at the Paris Climate Change Conference, convened to broker a game-changing agreement on climate change. On a planet where the mark of human activity is almost ubiquitous, restoration is by necessity a concept that has to take into account human well-being and ongoing change. In addition, in order to succeed in the long term, forest and landscape restoration initiatives will need to successfully engage a range of stakeholders, from policy-makers to local communities and from governments to private actors. This issue of Unasylva maps out some of the progress that has already been made, and the challenges that lie ahead. [more]
Global guidelines for the restoration of degraded forests and landscapes in drylands 27 October 2015 Drylands cover nearly half of the earth’s land surface and are home to one-third of the global population. They face extraordinary challenges, including those posed by desertification, biodiversity loss, poverty, food insecurity and climate change. Up to 20 percent of the world’s drylands are degraded, and people living there are often locked into a vicious circle of poverty, unsustainable practices and environmental degradation. It is clear that serious efforts are needed to arrest dryland degradation and restore degraded lands, and the simple but urgent aim of these guidelines is to support such efforts It is the first time that global guidelines on dryland restoration are made available. [more]
Technical considerations for Forest Reference Emission Level and/or Forest Reference Level construction for REDD+ under the UNFCCC 27 October 2015 The aim of this document is to help countries seeking to develop a REDD+ Forest Reference Emission Level and/or Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL) under the UNFCCC. The document provides a structural overview of UNFCCC requirements for FREL/FRL construction, summarizing UNFCCC guidance and translating it into elements needed for FREL/FRL construction. A description of possible advantages and risks associated with different options for each of these elements is added to provide some practical considerations to FREL/FRL construction. The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (UN-REDD) works to support the development and implementation of REDD+ activities and international consensus-building on the REDD+ process. Consistency with the UNFCCC is one of the guiding principles of the UN-REDD Programme. [more]
Climate change guidelines for forest managers 26 September 2013 These guidelines have been prepared to assist forest managers to better assess and respond to climate change challenges and opportunities at the forest management unit level. The actions they propose are relevant to all kinds of forest managers – such as individual forest owners, private forest enterprises, public-sector agencies, indigenous groups and community forest organizations. [more]
FAO, forests and climate change 26 September 2012 This publication summarizes the work that FAO is undertaking, with its partners, to assist countries to mitigate and adapt to climate change as it relates to forests, trees and the people who depend on them. [more]
Wildlife in a changing climate 5 December 2011 Wildlife in a Changing Climate foresees that the rate of loss of wild animal species will be accelerated by climate change unless urgent measures are taken. Particularly at risk are wildlife and ecosystems in coastal and mountain areas, while Africa, where a mean temperature rise of 3-4 °C is expected by the end of the century, is one of the world’s most vulnerable regions. Using case studies, the report puts forward a series of responsive measures to mitigate the impact of climate change. [more]
What woodfuels can do to mitigate climate change 27 July 2010 The publication explores the scope and potential for woodfuels to replace fossil fuels thereby contributing to climate change mitigation. The global and regional potential for and implications of woodfuel development for climate change mitigation and the current woodfuel offset mechanisms in place and their relative emissions reduction potentials is analysed. The publication identifies a number of barriers that preclude the full use of this mitigation potential. Policy reforms to encourage environmental sustainability, increased productivity, improved infrastructure and planning are essential for large-scale implementation. [more]
last updated:  Friday, July 25, 2014