Key messages

  • Forests are home to over 80% of terrestrial biodiversity. 
  • In the Amazon basin alone, more than 1,300 species of forest plants are used for medicinal or cultural purposes.
  • Conservation of biodiversity is the primary management objective for 13 percent of the world’s forests (FRA 2015).
  • Up to 1,200 plant species have been confirmed as extinct. Deforestation of closed tropical rainforests accounts for the loss of most species.    
  • Losing forest diversity means missing opportunities for medicines, food, raw materials and employment opportunities. 
  • Wild animals play an important role in maintaining healthy ecosystems and contribute to food security and livelihoods of rural communities.



Glossary of Wildlife Management Terms and Definitions 3 March 2016 The online glossary aims to raise awareness of the usage and meanings of technical terms related to wildlife management and conservation to improve common understanding and dialogue. Currently, the Glossary is comprised of about 250 terms and definitions in English, with equivalents presented in French, Spanish and German, and new terms will be added in the future. Among terms defined are wildlife itself, bushmeat, predator management, retrievable species, and flagship species. The glossary is compiled by the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) with contributions from CPW members including FAO. [more]
Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management factsheet series 4 November 2015 The factsheet series address a range of issues, including human-wildlife conflict, animal health, wild meat and biodiversity. [more]
The State of the World's Forest Genetic Resources 3 June 2014 This first volume of The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources constitutes a major step in building the information and knowledge base required for action towards better conservation and sustainable management of forest genetic resources at the national, regional and international levels [more]
The youth guide to biodiversity 23 January 2014 Youth and United Nations Global Alliance (YUNGA) Learning and action series [more]
Wildlife in a changing climate 1 December 2011 Wildlife in a Changing Climate foresees that the rate of loss of wild animal species will be accelerated by climate change unless urgent measures are taken. Particularly at risk are wildlife and ecosystems in coastal and mountain areas, while Africa, where a mean temperature rise of 3-4 °C is expected by the end of the century, is one of the world’s most vulnerable regions. Using case studies, the report puts forward a series of responsive measures to mitigate the impact of climate change. [more]
Human-wildlife conflict in Africa 15 January 2009 In Africa, conflicts between humans and wildlife have become more frequent and severe over recent decades.This publication was compiled to facilitate the coexistence of humans and wildlife and assist affected communities in applying best management practices. With a focus on large herbivores and carnivores such as elephants, lions, baboons and crocodiles, the book presents the issues, describes different methods of conflict management and outlines a three-step framework for decision-making. [more]


FAO Forestry Officer, Albert Nikiema, elaborates on the need for improved management of genetic resources

Linda Collette, Secretary of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Field projects

The FAO Forestry Programme focuses on how to maximize the potential of forests, trees and related resources to improve people’s economic, social and environmental conditions while ensuring that the resource is conserved to meet the needs of future generations.

FAO works to improve the knowledge on sustainable forest and wildlife management, and supports the development  and implementation of appropriate policies and practices to ensure forest and wildlife protection in order to maintain or improve their capacity to produce wood and non-wood products, sustain wildlife populations, conserve biodiversity, safeguard wildlife habitat, mitigate climate change, and protect soils and watersheds.


last updated:  Monday, October 17, 2016