Sustainable forest management curbs forest degradation and deforestation while increasing direct benefits to people and the environment.
At the local level, sustainable forest management contributes to people's livelihoods, income generation and employment. At the environmental level, it contributes to, for example, carbon sequestration and water and soil conservation.
In 2015, forests covered about 30.6 percent of the world's total land area; about 3 999 million hectares.
Forests contain more than half of the world's terrestrial biodiversity and store carbon in both above- and below-ground biomass.
The forest sector contributes about $600 billion annually to global GDP and provides employment to over 50 million people.
Extent of the world's forest continues to decline as human populations continue to grow and demand for food and land increases. Some 129 million hectares of forest - an area almost equivalent in size to South Africa - have been lost since 1990.
Fire, forest pests and climate change are also contributing to loss of forests around the world.
Planning sustainable forests Fernando Salinas, FAO Regional Office for Africa, talks about the Convergence Plan for the Sustainable Management and Utilization of the Forest Ecosystems in West Africa.