Sustainable forest management

Key messages

  • Sustainable forest management curbs forest degradation and deforestation while increasing direct benefits to people and the environment.
  • At the local level, sustainable forest management contributes to people's livelihoods, income generation and employment. At the environmental level, it contributes to, for example, carbon sequestration and water and soil conservation.
  • In 2015, forests covered about 30.6 percent of the world's total land area; about 3 999 million hectares.
  • Forests contain more than half of the world's terrestrial biodiversity and store carbon in both above- and below-ground biomass.
  • The forest sector contributes about $600 billion annually to global GDP and provides employment to over 50 million people.
  • Extent of the world's forest continues to decline as human populations continue to grow and demand for food and land increases. Some 129 million hectares of forest - an area almost equivalent in size to South Africa - have been lost since 1990.
  • Fire, forest pests and climate change are also contributing to loss of forests around the world.

Videos

Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism FAO’s Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism (FLRM) programme was established to support countries to plan and carry out activities to restore degraded forest, crop, range and other productive lands, in order to improve the resilience, productivity and socio-economic value from restored landscapes. [more]
European forestry innovation: charting a path towards a green economy This film highlights how Finland is setting an example in sustainable forest management and how the many and varied innovations emerging from Finland's forestry sector can help, not only Finland, but the rest of Europe, in achieving the goal of greening their economies. [more]

 

 All sustainable forest management videos  

 

Publications

2018 Global Forest Products Facts and Figures FAO’s forest products statistics present figures for the production and trade (quantity and value) of forest products, covering 59 product categories, 24 product groups, and over 245 countries and territories. Final statistics are released at the end of each year and can be found on-line in the FAOSTAT-Forestry database from December, before they are published in the Yearbook of Forest Products the following April. The on-line database archives data from 1961, and the yearbooks date back to 1947 [more]
The Road to Restoration: A Guide to Identifying Priorities and Indicators for Monitoring Forest and Landscape Restoration A new guide from the Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO ) and World Resources Institute ( WRI ) provides detailed guidance to governments, businesses and communities to help create restoration frameworks and track tangible results. [more]
Forests for resilience to natural, climate and human-induced disasters and crises Forests and trees play a significant role in supporting livelihood and when sustainably managed are vital safety nets and life-supporting assets and act as buffers that help communities to withstand extreme weather and other shocks. [more]
Building global capacity to increase transparency in the forest sector (CBIT-Forest) The global project will strengthen the institutional and technical capacities of developing countries to collect, analyze and disseminate forest-related data. It will support countries in meeting the enhanced transparency framework (ETF) requirements of the Paris Agreement and contribute with information necessary to track progress made in implementing and achieving the nationally determined contributions (NDCs). [more]
Assessing the governance of tenure for improving forests and livelihoods This tool is intended to help countries evaluate their forest tenure systems, particularly those that facilitate participation of non-state actors in forestry, including co-management regimes, community forestry, smallholder forestry, large holder forestry, or company concessions granted on State lands. [more]

 

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Press releases

Helping countries better monitor and report on forest and land-use under the Paris Climate Agreement FAO today launched a new $7.1 million project supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to make forest data more accessible, transparent and available, and, in particular, help developing countries to meet the Paris Climate Agreement's enhanced transparency requirements. [more]
Norway, FAO will boost transparency and accessibility of global forest information Information on the world's forests will be more transparent and easy-to-use than ever in the coming years, thanks to the new cooperation between FAO and the Government of Norway, which aims to improve global statistics on forest resources and their changes. [more]
Planet satellites bolster FAO’s geospatial toolkit Forests for resilience to natural, climate and human-induced disasters and crises Putting the world's eyes in the skies to work to improve human lives and combat climate change is now easier thanks to an overhaul of the Food and Agriculture Organization' innovative geospatial monitoring system. [more]
A thriving forest product boosts family farmers’ incomes This tool is intended to help countries evaluate their forest tenure systems, particularly those that facilitate participation of non-state actors in forestry, including co-management regimes, community forestry, smallholder forestry, large holder forestry, or company concessions granted on State lands. In the northern regions of Viet Nam, forestry and agriculture provide livelihoods for nearly 80 percent of the population. However, nearly half of all households own less than one hectare of land, which often prevents farmers from earning the income they need. [more]


More press releases

 

Expert interviews

Forest and landscape restoration in Lebanon by Chadi Mohanna Chadi Mohanna, Director of Rural Development and Natural Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Lebanon Highlights the work that FLRM has done with the Ministry of Agriculture in Lebanon; Calls attention to the sixth Mediterranean Forest Week held in April 2019; and Describes Lebanon’s restoration ambitions. [more]
Research and Development, Global Forest Observations Initiative (GFOI) Dr Sarah Carter from the University of Wageningen explains how the Global Forest Observations Initiative (GFOI) works to close the knowledge and technology gap between countries in the age of satellites. [more]
Innovative monitoring tools for effective ecosystem restoration Julian Fox comments on a recently published article in Science magazine highlighting how Open Foris was used by ETH Zurich and FAO to identify almost 1 billion ha for potential forest restoration worldwide. [more]
The challenges and opportunities of global forest and landscape restoration The challenges and opportunities of global forest and landscape restoration, and the role of the Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism [more]
African countries work to create incentives to reduce illegal logging with domestic market demands Public procurement policies which preference legally harvested and produced timber products have tremendous potential to create incentives throughout the supply chain and help foster a sustainable domestic market. [more]


More expert interviews

Audio

The hidden value of forests
 Rome conference addresses challenges to forest sector - Interview with Peter Csoka, Senior forestry Officer at FAO
Planning sustainable forests 
 Monitoring carbon stocks in Tanzania 

 

last updated:  Tuesday, January 7, 2020