Key messages

  • Forests are home to over 80% of terrestrial biodiversity. 
  • In the Amazon basin alone, more than 1,300 species of forest plants are used for medicinal or cultural purposes.
  • Conservation of biodiversity is the primary management objective for 13 percent of the world’s forests (FRA 2015).
  • Up to 1,200 plant species have been confirmed as extinct. Deforestation of closed tropical rainforests accounts for the loss of most species.    
  • Losing forest diversity means missing opportunities for medicines, food, raw materials and employment opportunities. 
  • Wild animals play an important role in maintaining healthy ecosystems and contribute to food security and livelihoods of rural communities.


Papua New Guinea: First National Forest Inventory and Biodiversity Survey Papua New Guinea is embarking on its first national forest inventory (NFI) under the arrangements for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD)+. [more]
Wildlife in a changing climate FAO Wildlife and Protected Area officer Edgar Kaeslin highlights the case of mountain gorillas in Rwanda (the original 'gorillas in the mist') who are under threat due to climate change. [more]
Turning the tide on desertification in Africa In Senegal, the Acacia project has involved the planting and managing of Acacia forests in arid lands helping combat desertification while providing life-changing benefits to local communities. [more]
Protecting Mongolia's forests An FAO programme that helps local communities in Mongolia to protect their own forests is being seen as a model for action in the Asia-Pacific region. The Participatory Forest Management project has effectively stopped illegal logging and forest fires in 15 pilot districts since it began in 2007. [more]


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Glossary on Wildlife Management Terms and Definitions The Glossary on Wildlife Management Terms and Definitions is a CPW initiative led by the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO). This online resource aims to raise awareness of the diverse usage and meanings of technical terms related to wildlife management and conservation, and eventually contributes towards a harmonization of terminology. The Glossary on Wildlife Management Terms and Definitions is a work in progress. Currently, the Glossary is comprised of about 250 terms and definitions in English, with equivalents presented in French, Spanish, and German. [more]
Factsheet: Collaborative Partnership on Sustainable Wildlife Management Human—wildlife conflict (HWC) occurs when the needs of wildlife encroach on those of human populations. More broadly, however, interactions between wildlife and humans can cause damage or costs to both humans and wildlife, and lead to conflicts between different groups of people (human-human conflicts) over wildlife and how it should be managed.Wildlife makes an essential contribution to food security for many people worldwide. [more]
The State of the World's Forest Genetic Resources Protecting Mongolia's forests Forests and trees enhance and protect landscapes, ecosystems and production systems.They provide goods and services which are essential to the survival and well-being of allhumanity. Forest genetic resources (FGR) are the heritable materials maintained within and among tree and other woody plant species that are of actual or potential economic, environmental, scientific or societal value. FGR are essential for the adaptation and evolutionary processes of forests and trees as well as for improving their productivity. The world’s current population of 7.2 billion is projected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050. [more]
The youth guide to biodiversity The Youth and United Nations Global Alliance (YUNGA) is a partnership of United Nations agencies, civil society organisations and other institutions and groups involved with children and young people. YUNGA aims to empower children and young people to play an important role in society and to be active agents of change. It does so by creating engaging educational resources, activities and opportunities for participation in areas of key environmental and social concern at the local to the international level. The biodiversity youth guide is part of the YUNGA action and learning series which seeks to raise awareness. [more]
Wildlife in a changing climate The world already faces a biodiversity extinction crisis, and it is likely to be made worse by climate change. This paper examines the likely ecosystem and landscape changes that will occur in forests, mountains, wetlands, coastal areas, savannahs, grasslands and steppes. Impacts include changes in physical conditions, weather patterns and ecosystem functioning. As a consequence, terrestrial, freshwater and marine wildlife will be severely affected unless we manage to cope with climate changes through decisive planning and action. [more]


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Forestry Officer, Albert Nikiema, elaborates on the need for improved management of genetic resources
Duration: 3 min 


last updated:  Friday, December 22, 2017